Ping and traceroute are useful tools in network troubleshooting. Alone, either tool can determine network connectivity between two points. However, ping can be used to generate simple network traffic that you can view using
diagnose commands in FortiGate. This combination can be very powerful when you are trying to locate network problems.
Ping and traceroute can also tell you if your computer or network device has access to a domain name server (DNS). Both tools can use IP addresses or device domain names to determine why particular services, such as email or web browsing, may not work properly.
If ping does not work, it may be disabled on at least one of the interface settings and security policies for that interface.
Both ping and traceroute require particular ports to be open on firewalls to function. Since you typically use these tools to troubleshoot, you can allow them in the security policies and on interfaces only when you need them. Otherwise, keep the ports disabled for added security.
The ping command sends a very small packet to a destination, and waits for a response. The response has a timer that expires when the destination is unreacha