HA using a hardware switch to replace a physical switch

Using a hardware switch to replace a physical switch is not recommended, as it offers no redundancy or interface monitoring.

  • If one FortiGate loses power, all of the clients connected to that FortiGate device cannot go to another device until that FortiGate recovers.
  • A hardware switch cannot be used as a monitor interface in HA. Any incoming or outgoing link failures on hardware member interfaces will not trigger failover; this can affect traffic.

Examples

The examples use the following topology:

Traffic between hardware switches

When using Hardware switch in HA environment, a client device connected to the hardware switch on the primary FortiGate can communicate with client devices connected to the hardware switch on secondary FortiGates as long as there is a direct connection between the two switches.

No configuration is required after setting up the hardware switches. If a client connected to both of the hardware switches needs to reach destinations outside of the cluster, the firewall must be configured for it.

To configure the FortiGate devices:
  1. Connect the devices as shown in the topology diagram.
  2. On each FortiGate, configure HA:
    config system ha
        set mode a-a
        set group-name Example_cluster
        set hbdev ha1 10 ha2 20
    end 
  3. On the primary FortiGate, config