Link aggregation (IEEE 802.3ad) enables you to bind two or more physical interfaces together to form an aggregated (combined) link. This new link has the bandwidth of all the links combined. If a link in the group fails, traffic is transferred automatically to the remaining interfaces. The only noticeable effect is reduced bandwidth.
This feature is similar to redundant interfaces. The major difference is a redundant interface group only uses one link at a time, where an aggregate link group uses the total bandwidth of the functioning links in the group, up to eight (or more).
An interface is available to be an aggregate interface if:
- It is a physical interface and not a VLAN interface or subinterface.
- It is not already part of an aggregate or redundant interface.
- It is in the same VDOM as the aggregated interface. Aggregate ports cannot span multiple VDOMs.
- It does not have an IP address and is not configured for DHCP or PPPoE.
- It is not referenced in any security policy, VIP, IP Pool, or multicast policy.
- It is not an HA heartbeat interface.
- It is not one of the FortiGate-5000 series backplane interfaces.
When an interface is included in an aggregate interface, it is not listed on the Network > Interfaces page. Interfaces still appear in the CLI although configuration for those interfaces do not take affect. You cannot configure the interface individually and it is not available for inclusion in security policies, VIPs, IP pools, or routing.
This example creates an aggregate interface on a FortiGate-140D POE using ports 3-5 with an internal IP address of 10.1.1.123, as well as the administrative access to HTTPS and SSH.
- Go to Network > Interfaces and select Create New > Interface.
- Set Name to aggregate.
- Set Type to 802.3ad Aggregate.
- Set Interface members to port4, port5, and port6.
- Set Addressing mode to Manual.
- Set IP/Netmask to 10.1.1.123/24.
- For Administrative Access, select HTTPS and SSH.
- Click OK.
config system interface edit "aggregate" set vdom "root" set ip 10.1.1.123 255.255.255.0 set allowaccess https ssh set type aggregate set member "port4" "port5" "port6" set snmp-index 45 next end
In a redundant interface, traffic only goes over one interface at any time. This differs from an aggregated interface where traffic goes over all interfaces for increased bandwidth. This difference means redundant interfaces can have more robust configurations with fewer possible points of failure. This is important in a fully-meshed HA configuration.
An interface is available to be in a redundant interface if:
- It is a physical interface and not a VLAN interface.
- It is not already part of an aggregated or redundant interface.
- It is in the same VDOM as the redundant interface.
- It does not have an IP address and is not configured for DHCP o