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Administration Guide

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Application steering using SD-WAN rules

This topic covers how to use application steering in a topology with multiple WAN links. The following examples illustrate how to use different strategies to perform application steering to accommodate different business needs:

Application matching

To apply application steering, SD-WAN service rules match traffic based on the applications that are in the application signature database. To view the signatures, go to Security Profiles > Application Signatures and select Signature.

On the first session that passes through, the IPS engine processes the traffic in the application layer to match it to a signature in the application signature database. The first session does not match any SD-WAN rules because the signature has not been recognized yet. When the IPS engine recognizes the application, it records the 3-tuple IP address, protocol, and port in the application control Internet Service ID list. To view the application and corresponding 3-tuple:

# diagnose sys sdwan internet-service-app-ctrl-list [app ID]
52.114.142.254
Microsoft.Teams(43541 4294837333): 52.114.142.254 6 443 Fri Jun 18 13:52:18 2021

The recognized application and 3-tuple stay in the application control list for future matches to occur. If there are no hits on the entry for eight hours, the entry is deleted.

Note

For services with multiple IP addresses, traffic might not match the expected SD-WAN rule because the traffic is destined for an IP address that hat no previously been recognized by the FortiGate. The diagnose sys sdwan internet-service-app-ctrl-list command can be used to help troubleshoot such situations.

Application steering using SD-WAN rules

This topic covers how to use application steering in a topology with multiple WAN links. The following examples illustrate how to use different strategies to perform application steering to accommodate different business needs:

Application matching

To apply application steering, SD-WAN service rules match traffic based on the applications that are in the application signature database. To view the signatures, go to Security Profiles > Application Signatures and select Signature.

On the first session that passes through, the IPS engine processes the traffic in the application layer to match it to a signature in the application signature database. The first session does not match any SD-WAN rules because the signature has not been recognized yet. When the IPS engine recognizes the application, it records the 3-tuple IP address, protocol, and port in the application control Internet Service ID list. To view the application and corresponding 3-tuple:

# diagnose sys sdwan internet-service-app-ctrl-list [app ID]
52.114.142.254
Microsoft.Teams(43541 4294837333): 52.114.142.254 6 443 Fri Jun 18 13:52:18 2021

The recognized application and 3-tuple stay in the application control list for future matches to occur. If there are no hits on the entry for eight hours, the entry is deleted.

Note

For services with multiple IP addresses, traffic might not match the expected SD-WAN rule because the traffic is destined for an IP address that hat no previously been recognized by the FortiGate. The diagnose sys sdwan internet-service-app-ctrl-list command can be used to help troubleshoot such situations.