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Assigning VLAN to a VOIP phone over LLDP-MED

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  • 8 months ago

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Voice VLAN auto-assignment

You can leverage LLDP-MED to assign voice traffic to the desired voice VLAN. After detection and setup, the IP phone on the network is segmented to its own VLAN for policy, prioritization, and reporting. The LLDP reception capabilities in FortiOS have been extended to support LLDP-MED assignment for voice, voice signaling, guest, guest voice signaling, softphone, video conferencing, streaming video, and video signaling.

You can configure this feature using the following steps:

  1. Setting up the VLAN for the voice device
  2. Setting up the DHCP server for the voice VLAN
  3. Setting up the LLDP network policy
  4. Enabling LLDP on the physical interface that the VLAN belongs to
  5. Applying the LLDP network policy on the physical interface
  6. Confirming that the VLAN was assigned
To set up the VLAN for the voice device:
config system interface
    edit "vlan_100"
        set vdom "root"
        set ip 192.168.1.99 255.255.255.0
        set alias "voice_vlan"
        set device-identification enable
        set role lan
        set snmp-index 25
        set interface "port10"
        set vlanid 100
    next
end
To set up the DHCP server for the voice VLAN:
config system dhcp server
    edit 1
        set dns-service default
        set default-gateway 192.168.1.99
        set netmask 255.255.255.0
        set interface "vlan_100"
        config ip-range
            edit 1
                set start-ip 192.168.1.110
                set end-ip 192.168.1.210
            next
        end
    next
end
To set up the LLDP network policy:
config system lldp network-policy
    edit "1"
        config voice
            set status enable
            set tag dot1q
            set vlan 100
        end
    next
end
To enable LLDP on the physical interface that the VLAN belongs to:
config system interface
    edit "port10"
        set vdom "root"
        set type physical
        set lldp-reception enable
        set lldp-transmission enable
        set snmp-index 14
    next
end
To apply the LLDP network policy on the physical interface:
config system interface
    edit "port10"
        set lldp-network-policy "1"
    next
end
To confirm that the VLAN was assigned as expected:
  1. Connect an IP phone to the network.
  2. Check the IP address on the phone.

    The IP address should belong to the voice VLAN.

  3. Sniff on the FortiGate incoming interface to see if traffic from the IP phone has the desired VLAN tag.

    In the example commands above, the voice VLAN was configured as VLAN 100. Therefore, voice traffic from the IP phone should be in VLAN 100.

Related Videos

Assigning VLAN to a VOIP phone over LLDP-MED

  • 560 views
  • 8 months ago

Voice VLAN auto-assignment

You can leverage LLDP-MED to assign voice traffic to the desired voice VLAN. After detection and setup, the IP phone on the network is segmented to its own VLAN for policy, prioritization, and reporting. The LLDP reception capabilities in FortiOS have been extended to support LLDP-MED assignment for voice, voice signaling, guest, guest voice signaling, softphone, video conferencing, streaming video, and video signaling.

You can configure this feature using the following steps:

  1. Setting up the VLAN for the voice device
  2. Setting up the DHCP server for the voice VLAN
  3. Setting up the LLDP network policy
  4. Enabling LLDP on the physical interface that the VLAN belongs to
  5. Applying the LLDP network policy on the physical interface
  6. Confirming that the VLAN was assigned
To set up the VLAN for the voice device:
config system interface
    edit "vlan_100"
        set vdom "root"
        set ip 192.168.1.99 255.255.255.0
        set alias "voice_vlan"
        set device-identification enable
        set role lan
        set snmp-index 25
        set interface "port10"
        set vlanid 100
    next
end
To set up the DHCP server for the voice VLAN:
config system dhcp server
    edit 1
        set dns-service default
        set default-gateway 192.168.1.99
        set netmask 255.255.255.0
        set interface "vlan_100"
        config ip-range
            edit 1
                set start-ip 192.168.1.110
                set end-ip 192.168.1.210
            next
        end
    next
end
To set up the LLDP network policy:
config system lldp network-policy
    edit "1"
        config voice
            set status enable
            set tag dot1q
            set vlan 100
        end
    next
end
To enable LLDP on the physical interface that the VLAN belongs to:
config system interface
    edit "port10"
        set vdom "root"
        set type physical
        set lldp-reception enable
        set lldp-transmission enable
        set snmp-index 14
    next
end
To apply the LLDP network policy on the physical interface:
config system interface
    edit "port10"
        set lldp-network-policy "1"
    next
end
To confirm that the VLAN was assigned as expected:
  1. Connect an IP phone to the network.
  2. Check the IP address on the phone.

    The IP address should belong to the voice VLAN.

  3. Sniff on the FortiGate incoming interface to see if traffic from the IP phone has the desired VLAN tag.

    In the example commands above, the voice VLAN was configured as VLAN 100. Therefore, voice traffic from the IP phone should be in VLAN 100.