FortiLink network sniffer extension
The switch controller has a
traffic-sniffer option to provide a targeted approach where mirrored traffic is always directed towards the FortiGate on a dedicated VLAN. This allows for easy sniffing by using the CLI or GUI. Also, the traffic can be routed through the FortiGate using Encapsulated Remote Switched Port Analyzer (ERSPAN) for external analysis and storage.
Use this option to define targeted sniffers by IP or MAC address. Traffic matching is replicated to the FortiGate, which is helpful when you know what device you are looking for but don't know where it is located.
FortiLink networks can have multiple switches and traffic typically traverses several switches. If each switch mirrors any match, the sniffer would see multiple copies of traffic. To reduce this, the targets are applied at the perimeter of the FortiSwitch network. Traffic entering by a user port or traffic from FortiGate is considered eligible for mirroring.
You can also enable traditional port-based sniffers in the ingress or egress direction.
All sniffer traffic arrives at the FortiGate using ERSPAN and the traffic is encapsulated in generic routing encapsulation (GRE).
You can only configure this feature using the CLI.
To use predefined sniffer-used switch VLAN interface:
config system interface edit "snf.aggr1" <---- Newly added pre-defined switch vlan interface. Created automatically, once first FSW discovered and authorized. set vdom "root" set ip 10.254.253.254 255.255.254.0 set allowaccess ping set description "Sniffer VLAN" set snmp-index 33 set switch-controller-traffic-policy "sniffer" set color 6 set interface "aggr1" set vlanid 4092 next end
To enable traffic sniffer based on target IP or MAC address on target ports of managed FortiSwitch units:
config switch-controller traffic-sniffer <---- newly added CLI stanza in FOS set erspan-ip 22.214.171.124 <---- Designate ERSPAN collector config target-mac edit 11:11:11:11:11:11 next end config target-ip edit 126.96.36.199 next end config target-port edit "S524DN4K1500XXXX" set in-ports "port2" "port4" "port6" set out-ports "port3" "port5" "port7" next end end
To use troubleshooting tools:
(root) # diagnose switch-controller switch-info mirror status S524DN4K1500XXXX Managed Switch : S524DN4K1500XXXX flink.sniffer Mode : ERSPAN-auto Status : Active Source-Ports: Ingress: port2, port4, port6 Egress : port3, port5, port7 Used-by-ACLs : True Auto-config-state : Resolved/Running Last-update : 1464 seconds ago Issues : None Collector-IP : 188.8.131.52 Source-IP : 10.254.252.208 Source-MAC : 08:5b:0e:ff:40:27 Next-Hop : IP : 10.254.253.254 MAC : 00:09:0f:09:00:0c Via-System-Interface : sniffer VLAN : 4092(tagged) Via-Switch-Interface : G5H0E391790XXXX