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FortiLink network sniffer extension

The switch controller has a traffic-sniffer option to provide a targeted approach where mirrored traffic is always directed towards the FortiGate on a dedicated VLAN. This allows for easy sniffing by using the CLI or GUI. Also, the traffic can be routed through the FortiGate using Encapsulated Remote Switched Port Analyzer (ERSPAN) for external analysis and storage.

Use this option to define targeted sniffers by IP or MAC address. Traffic matching is replicated to the FortiGate, which is helpful when you know what device you are looking for but don't know where it is located.

FortiLink networks can have multiple switches and traffic typically traverses several switches. If each switch mirrors any match, the sniffer would see multiple copies of traffic. To reduce this, the targets are applied at the perimeter of the FortiSwitch network. Traffic entering by a user port or traffic from FortiGate is considered eligible for mirroring.

You can also enable traditional port-based sniffers in the ingress or egress direction.

All sniffer traffic arrives at the FortiGate using ERSPAN and the traffic is encapsulated in generic routing encapsulation (GRE).

You can only configure this feature using the CLI.

To use predefined sniffer-used switch VLAN interface:
config system interface
    edit "snf.aggr1"     <---- Newly added pre-defined switch vlan interface. Created automatically, once first FSW discovered and authorized.
        set vdom "root"
        set ip 10.254.253.254 255.255.254.0
        set allowaccess ping
        set description "Sniffer VLAN"
        set snmp-index 33
        set switch-controller-traffic-policy "sniffer"
        set color 6
        set interface "aggr1"
        set vlanid 4092
    next
end
To enable traffic sniffer based on target IP or MAC address on target ports of managed FortiSwitch units:
config switch-controller traffic-sniffer  <---- newly added CLI stanza in FOS
    set erspan-ip 2.2.2.2                 <---- Designate ERSPAN collector
    config target-mac
        edit 11:11:11:11:11:11
        next
    end
    config target-ip
        edit 4.4.4.4
        next
    end
    config target-port
        edit "S524DN4K1500XXXX"
            set in-ports "port2" "port4" "port6"
            set out-ports "port3" "port5" "port7"
        next
    end
end
To use troubleshooting tools:
(root) # diagnose switch-controller  switch-info mirror status S524DN4K1500XXXX 

Managed Switch : S524DN4K1500XXXX
flink.sniffer
    Mode                  : ERSPAN-auto
    Status                : Active
    Source-Ports:
        Ingress: port2, port4, port6
        Egress : port3, port5, port7
    Used-by-ACLs          : True
    Auto-config-state     : Resolved/Running
        Last-update  : 1464 seconds ago
        Issues       : None
        Collector-IP : 2.2.2.2
        Source-IP    : 10.254.252.208
        Source-MAC   : 08:5b:0e:ff:40:27
        Next-Hop     :
            IP                   : 10.254.253.254
            MAC                  : 00:09:0f:09:00:0c
            Via-System-Interface : sniffer
            VLAN                 : 4092(tagged)
            Via-Switch-Interface : G5H0E391790XXXX

FortiLink network sniffer extension

The switch controller has a traffic-sniffer option to provide a targeted approach where mirrored traffic is always directed towards the FortiGate on a dedicated VLAN. This allows for easy sniffing by using the CLI or GUI. Also, the traffic can be routed through the FortiGate using Encapsulated Remote Switched Port Analyzer (ERSPAN) for external analysis and storage.

Use this option to define targeted sniffers by IP or MAC address. Traffic matching is replicated to the FortiGate, which is helpful when you know what device you are looking for but don't know where it is located.

FortiLink networks can have multiple switches and traffic typically traverses several switches. If each switch mirrors any match, the sniffer would see multiple copies of traffic. To reduce this, the targets are applied at the perimeter of the FortiSwitch network. Traffic entering by a user port or traffic from FortiGate is considered eligible for mirroring.

You can also enable traditional port-based sniffers in the ingress or egress direction.

All sniffer traffic arrives at the FortiGate using ERSPAN and the traffic is encapsulated in generic routing encapsulation (GRE).

You can only configure this feature using the CLI.

To use predefined sniffer-used switch VLAN interface:
config system interface
    edit "snf.aggr1"     <---- Newly added pre-defined switch vlan interface. Created automatically, once first FSW discovered and authorized.
        set vdom "root"
        set ip 10.254.253.254 255.255.254.0
        set allowaccess ping
        set description "Sniffer VLAN"
        set snmp-index 33
        set switch-controller-traffic-policy "sniffer"
        set color 6
        set interface "aggr1"
        set vlanid 4092
    next
end
To enable traffic sniffer based on target IP or MAC address on target ports of managed FortiSwitch units:
config switch-controller traffic-sniffer  <---- newly added CLI stanza in FOS
    set erspan-ip 2.2.2.2                 <---- Designate ERSPAN collector
    config target-mac
        edit 11:11:11:11:11:11
        next
    end
    config target-ip
        edit 4.4.4.4
        next
    end
    config target-port
        edit "S524DN4K1500XXXX"
            set in-ports "port2" "port4" "port6"
            set out-ports "port3" "port5" "port7"
        next
    end
end
To use troubleshooting tools:
(root) # diagnose switch-controller  switch-info mirror status S524DN4K1500XXXX 

Managed Switch : S524DN4K1500XXXX
flink.sniffer
    Mode                  : ERSPAN-auto
    Status                : Active
    Source-Ports:
        Ingress: port2, port4, port6
        Egress : port3, port5, port7
    Used-by-ACLs          : True
    Auto-config-state     : Resolved/Running
        Last-update  : 1464 seconds ago
        Issues       : None
        Collector-IP : 2.2.2.2
        Source-IP    : 10.254.252.208
        Source-MAC   : 08:5b:0e:ff:40:27
        Next-Hop     :
            IP                   : 10.254.253.254
            MAC                  : 00:09:0f:09:00:0c
            Via-System-Interface : sniffer
            VLAN                 : 4092(tagged)
            Via-Switch-Interface : G5H0E391790XXXX