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Forward error correction on VPN overlay networks

This topic shows an SD-WAN with forward error correction (FEC) on VPN overlay networks. FEC can be used to lower packet loss ratio by consuming more bandwidth. It uses six parameters in IPsec phase1/phase1-interface settings:

fec-ingress

Enable/disable Forward Error Correction for ingress IPsec traffic (default = disable).

fec-egress

Enable/disable Forward Error Correction for egress IPsec traffic (default = disable).

fec-base

The number of base Forward Error Correction packets (1 - 100, default = 20).

fec-redundant

The number of redundant Forward Error Correction packets (1 - 100, default = 10).

fec-send-timeout

The time before sending Forward Error Correction packets, in milliseconds (1 - 1000, default = 8).

fec-receive-timeout

The time before dropping Forward Error Correction packets, in milliseconds (1 - 1000, default = 5000).

For example, a customer has two ISP connections, wan1 and wan2. Using these two connections, create two IPsec VPN interfaces as SD-WAN members. Configure FEC on each VPN interface to lower packet loss ratio by re-transmitting the packets using its backend algorithm.

Sample topology

To configure IPsec VPN:
config vpn ipsec phase1-interface
    edit "vd1-p1"
        set interface "wan1"
        set peertype any
        set net-device disable
        set proposal aes256-sha256
        set dhgrp 14
        set remote-gw 172.16.201.2
        set psksecret ftnt1234
        set fec-egress enable
        set fec-send-timeout 8
        set fec-base 20
        set fec-redundant 10
        set fec-ingress enable
        set fec-receive-timeout 5000
    next
    edit "vd1-p2"
        set interface "wan2"
        set peertype any
        set net-device disable
        set proposal aes256-sha256
        set dhgrp 14
        set remote-gw 172.16.202.2
        set psksecret ftnt1234
        set fec-egress enable
        set fec-send-timeout 8
        set fec-base 20
        set fec-redundant 10
        set fec-ingress enable
        set fec-receive-timeout 5000
    next
end
config vpn ipsec phase2-interface
    edit "vd1-p1"
        set phase1name "vd1-p1"
    next
    edit "vd1-p2"
        set phase1name "vd1-p2"
    next
end
To configure the interface:
config system interface
    edit "vd1-p1"
        set ip 172.16.211.1 255.255.255.255
        set remote-ip 172.16.211.2 255.255.255.255
    next
    edit "vd1-p2"
        set ip 172.16.212.1 255.255.255.255
        set remote-ip 172.16.212.2 255.255.255.255
    next
end
To configure the firewall policy:
config firewall policy
    edit 1
        set name "1"
        set srcintf "dmz"
        set dstintf ""virtual-wan-link""
        set srcaddr "all"
        set dstaddr "all"
        set action accept
        set schedule "always"
        set service "ALL"
        set nat enable
    next
end
To configure SD-WAN:
config system virtual-wan-link
    set status enable
    config members
        edit 1
            set interface "vd1-p1"
            set gateway 172.16.211.2
        next
        edit 1
            set interface "vd2-p2"
            set gateway 172.16.212.2
        next
    end
end
To use the diagnose command to check VPN FEC status:
# diagnose vpn tunnel list
list all ipsec tunnel in vd 0
------------------------------------------------------
name=vd1 ver=1 serial=1 172.16.200.1:0->172.16.200.2:0
bound_if=11 lgwy=static/1 tun=intf/0 mode=auto/1 encap=none/3600 options[0e10]=create_dev frag-rfc fec-egress fec-ingress  accept_traffic=1

proxyid_num=1 child_num=0 refcnt=11 ilast=8 olast=8 ad=/0
stat: rxp=0 txp=0 rxb=0 txb=0
dpd: mode=on-demand on=1 idle=20000ms retry=3 count=0 seqno=0
natt: mode=none draft=0 interval=0 remote_port=0
fec-egress: base=20 redundant=10 remote_port=50000     <<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<
fec-ingress: base=20 redundant=10                      <<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<
proxyid=demo proto=0 sa=1 ref=2 serial=1
  src: 0:10.1.100.0/255.255.255.0:0
  dst: 0:173.1.1.0/255.255.255.0:0
  SA:  ref=3 options=10226 type=00 soft=0 mtu=1390 expire=42897/0B replaywin=2048
       seqno=1 esn=0 replaywin_lastseq=00000000 itn=0 qat=0
  life: type=01 bytes=0/0 timeout=42899/43200
  dec: spi=181f4f81 esp=aes key=16 6e8fedf2a77691ffdbf3270484cb2555
       ah=sha1 key=20 f92bcf841239d15d30b36b695f78eaef3fad05c4
  enc: spi=0ce10190 esp=aes key=16 2d684fb19cbae533249c8b5683937329
       ah=sha1 key=20 ba7333f89cd34cf75966bd9ffa72030115919213
  dec:pkts/bytes=0/0, enc:pkts/bytes=0/0

Forward error correction on VPN overlay networks

This topic shows an SD-WAN with forward error correction (FEC) on VPN overlay networks. FEC can be used to lower packet loss ratio by consuming more bandwidth. It uses six parameters in IPsec phase1/phase1-interface settings:

fec-ingress

Enable/disable Forward Error Correction for ingress IPsec traffic (default = disable).

fec-egress

Enable/disable Forward Error Correction for egress IPsec traffic (default = disable).

fec-base

The number of base Forward Error Correction packets (1 - 100, default = 20).

fec-redundant

The number of redundant Forward Error Correction packets (1 - 100, default = 10).

fec-send-timeout

The time before sending Forward Error Correction packets, in milliseconds (1 - 1000, default = 8).

fec-receive-timeout

The time before dropping Forward Error Correction packets, in milliseconds (1 - 1000, default = 5000).

For example, a customer has two ISP connections, wan1 and wan2. Using these two connections, create two IPsec VPN interfaces as SD-WAN members. Configure FEC on each VPN interface to lower packet loss ratio by re-transmitting the packets using its backend algorithm.

Sample topology

To configure IPsec VPN:
config vpn ipsec phase1-interface
    edit "vd1-p1"
        set interface "wan1"
        set peertype any
        set net-device disable
        set proposal aes256-sha256
        set dhgrp 14
        set remote-gw 172.16.201.2
        set psksecret ftnt1234
        set fec-egress enable
        set fec-send-timeout 8
        set fec-base 20
        set fec-redundant 10
        set fec-ingress enable
        set fec-receive-timeout 5000
    next
    edit "vd1-p2"
        set interface "wan2"
        set peertype any
        set net-device disable
        set proposal aes256-sha256
        set dhgrp 14
        set remote-gw 172.16.202.2
        set psksecret ftnt1234
        set fec-egress enable
        set fec-send-timeout 8
        set fec-base 20
        set fec-redundant 10
        set fec-ingress enable
        set fec-receive-timeout 5000
    next
end
config vpn ipsec phase2-interface
    edit "vd1-p1"
        set phase1name "vd1-p1"
    next
    edit "vd1-p2"
        set phase1name "vd1-p2"
    next
end
To configure the interface:
config system interface
    edit "vd1-p1"
        set ip 172.16.211.1 255.255.255.255
        set remote-ip 172.16.211.2 255.255.255.255
    next
    edit "vd1-p2"
        set ip 172.16.212.1 255.255.255.255
        set remote-ip 172.16.212.2 255.255.255.255
    next
end
To configure the firewall policy:
config firewall policy
    edit 1
        set name "1"
        set srcintf "dmz"
        set dstintf ""virtual-wan-link""
        set srcaddr "all"
        set dstaddr "all"
        set action accept
        set schedule "always"
        set service "ALL"
        set nat enable
    next
end
To configure SD-WAN:
config system virtual-wan-link
    set status enable
    config members
        edit 1
            set interface "vd1-p1"
            set gateway 172.16.211.2
        next
        edit 1
            set interface "vd2-p2"
            set gateway 172.16.212.2
        next
    end
end
To use the diagnose command to check VPN FEC status:
# diagnose vpn tunnel list
list all ipsec tunnel in vd 0
------------------------------------------------------
name=vd1 ver=1 serial=1 172.16.200.1:0->172.16.200.2:0
bound_if=11 lgwy=static/1 tun=intf/0 mode=auto/1 encap=none/3600 options[0e10]=create_dev frag-rfc fec-egress fec-ingress  accept_traffic=1

proxyid_num=1 child_num=0 refcnt=11 ilast=8 olast=8 ad=/0
stat: rxp=0 txp=0 rxb=0 txb=0
dpd: mode=on-demand on=1 idle=20000ms retry=3 count=0 seqno=0
natt: mode=none draft=0 interval=0 remote_port=0
fec-egress: base=20 redundant=10 remote_port=50000     <<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<
fec-ingress: base=20 redundant=10                      <<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<
proxyid=demo proto=0 sa=1 ref=2 serial=1
  src: 0:10.1.100.0/255.255.255.0:0
  dst: 0:173.1.1.0/255.255.255.0:0
  SA:  ref=3 options=10226 type=00 soft=0 mtu=1390 expire=42897/0B replaywin=2048
       seqno=1 esn=0 replaywin_lastseq=00000000 itn=0 qat=0
  life: type=01 bytes=0/0 timeout=42899/43200
  dec: spi=181f4f81 esp=aes key=16 6e8fedf2a77691ffdbf3270484cb2555
       ah=sha1 key=20 f92bcf841239d15d30b36b695f78eaef3fad05c4
  enc: spi=0ce10190 esp=aes key=16 2d684fb19cbae533249c8b5683937329
       ah=sha1 key=20 ba7333f89cd34cf75966bd9ffa72030115919213
  dec:pkts/bytes=0/0, enc:pkts/bytes=0/0