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Table of Contents

Administration Guide

VXLAN interfaces

You can use Virtual Extensible LAN (VXLAN) interfaces to send layer-2 traffic between FortiSwitch units over a layer-3 tunnel. VXLAN tunnels connect virtual tunnel endpoints (VTEPs) using VXLAN network identifiers (VNIs).

A FortiSwitch unit (VTEP) encapsulates traffic from a VNI and then sends it across the physical IP network using the VXLAN tunnel to another FortiSwitch unit (VTEP)

In the following configuration example, three VNIs connect four FortiSwitch units (VTEPs).

 

The FortiSwitch units learn remote MAC addresses by flooding broadcast, unicast, and multicast packets to each remote-ip address to find out the MAC address associated with the tunnel source.

The following requirements apply to VXLAN tunnels:

  • When you configure the VXLAN interface, the system interface defines the VXLAN tunnel terminator, and the VXLAN tunnel destination must match the remote-ip setting of the VXLAN tunnel initiator.

  • The IP address used for the VXLAN tunnel must be a static IP address and must be the primary IP address on the interface. If the primary IP address is static but the IP address has not been configured, no VXLAN tunnel is created.

  • The mode for config system interface cannot be set to dhcp; otherwise, the results are unreliable.

  • The tunnel-loopback can be set only on FS-1048E. When tunnel-loopback is set, VLAN 4087 is reserved. VLAN 4097 cannot be used on the FortiGate device.

  • If you are using VXLAN with FortiLink, refer to Managing FortiSwitch units on VXLAN interfaces.

To create a VXLAN tunnel:
  1. Set the UDP port for the VXLAN tunnel destination.

    The range of values is 1-65535. The default port is 4789.

  2. Configure the VXLAN interface.

  3. Check the VXLAN configuration.

To set the VXLAN tunnel destination:

config switch global

set vxlan-port <1-65535>

end

For example:

config switch global

set vxlan-port 100

end

To configure the VXLAN interface:

config system vxlan

edit <VXLAN_interface_name>

set vni <1-16777215>

set vlanid <1-4094>

set interface <interface_name>

set ip-version {ipv4-multicast | ipv4-unicast}

set remote-ip <IPv4_address>

set tunnel-loopback <interface_name>

next

end

Variable

Description

Default

<VXLAN_interface_name> Enter a name for the VXLAN interface No default
vni <integer> Required. Set the VXLAN network identifier (VNI). 0
vlanid <integer> Required. Set the VLAN identifier that is mapped to the VNI. When tunnel-loopback is set, VLAN 4087 is reserved. 0
interface <interface_name> Required. Enter the name of the outgoing interface for the VXLAN tunnel. No default
ip-version {ipv4-multicast | ipv4-unicast}

Required. Select the type of IPv4 address to use to communicate over the VXLAN tunnel.

  • ipv4-multicast—Use IPv4 multicast addressing over the VXLAN tunnel.

  • ipv4-unicast—Use IPv4 unicast addressing over the VXLAN tunnel.

ipv4-unicast
remote-ip <IPv4_address> Required. Enter the source and destination IPv4 addresses of the VXLAN interface. The VXLAN tunnel destination must match the remote-ip setting of the VXLAN tunnel initiator. No default

tunnel-loopback <interface_name>

Enter the name of the tunnel-loopback interface. The tunnel-loopback can be set only on FS-1048E. When tunnel-loopback is set, VLAN 4087 is reserved.

No default

For example, if you want to create the following two VXLAN tunnels:

You need to configure loopback 1.1.1.1:

config system vxlan

edit "vni.4094"

set vni 4094

set vlan 4094

set ip-version ipv4-unicast

set remote-ip "2.2.2.2"

set interface "loopback"

next

end

 

config system interface

edit "svi.10"

set ip 192.168.0.1

next

edit "loopback"

set ip 1.1.1.1/32

next

end

You need to configure loopback 2.2.2.2:

config system vxlan

edit "vni.4094"

set vni 4094

set vlan 4094

set ip-version ipv4-unicast

set remote-ip "1.1.1.1"

set interface "loopback"

next

end

 

config system interface

edit "svi.10"

set ip 192.168.0.2

next

edit "loopback"

set ip 2.2.2.2/32

next

end

To check the VXLAN configuration:

diagnose switch vxlan mac-address list <VXLAN_interface_name>

VXLAN interfaces

You can use Virtual Extensible LAN (VXLAN) interfaces to send layer-2 traffic between FortiSwitch units over a layer-3 tunnel. VXLAN tunnels connect virtual tunnel endpoints (VTEPs) using VXLAN network identifiers (VNIs).

A FortiSwitch unit (VTEP) encapsulates traffic from a VNI and then sends it across the physical IP network using the VXLAN tunnel to another FortiSwitch unit (VTEP)

In the following configuration example, three VNIs connect four FortiSwitch units (VTEPs).

 

The FortiSwitch units learn remote MAC addresses by flooding broadcast, unicast, and multicast packets to each remote-ip address to find out the MAC address associated with the tunnel source.

The following requirements apply to VXLAN tunnels:

  • When you configure the VXLAN interface, the system interface defines the VXLAN tunnel terminator, and the VXLAN tunnel destination must match the remote-ip setting of the VXLAN tunnel initiator.

  • The IP address used for the VXLAN tunnel must be a static IP address and must be the primary IP address on the interface. If the primary IP address is static but the IP address has not been configured, no VXLAN tunnel is created.

  • The mode for config system interface cannot be set to dhcp; otherwise, the results are unreliable.

  • The tunnel-loopback can be set only on FS-1048E. When tunnel-loopback is set, VLAN 4087 is reserved. VLAN 4097 cannot be used on the FortiGate device.

  • If you are using VXLAN with FortiLink, refer to Managing FortiSwitch units on VXLAN interfaces.

To create a VXLAN tunnel:
  1. Set the UDP port for the VXLAN tunnel destination.

    The range of values is 1-65535. The default port is 4789.

  2. Configure the VXLAN interface.

  3. Check the VXLAN configuration.

To set the VXLAN tunnel destination:

config switch global

set vxlan-port <1-65535>

end

For example:

config switch global

set vxlan-port 100

end

To configure the VXLAN interface:

config system vxlan

edit <VXLAN_interface_name>

set vni <1-16777215>

set vlanid <1-4094>

set interface <interface_name>

set ip-version {ipv4-multicast | ipv4-unicast}

set remote-ip <IPv4_address>

set tunnel-loopback <interface_name>

next

end

Variable

Description

Default

<VXLAN_interface_name> Enter a name for the VXLAN interface No default
vni <integer> Required. Set the VXLAN network identifier (VNI). 0
vlanid <integer> Required. Set the VLAN identifier that is mapped to the VNI. When tunnel-loopback is set, VLAN 4087 is reserved. 0
interface <interface_name> Required. Enter the name of the outgoing interface for the VXLAN tunnel. No default
ip-version {ipv4-multicast | ipv4-unicast}

Required. Select the type of IPv4 address to use to communicate over the VXLAN tunnel.

  • ipv4-multicast—Use IPv4 multicast addressing over the VXLAN tunnel.

  • ipv4-unicast—Use IPv4 unicast addressing over the VXLAN tunnel.

ipv4-unicast
remote-ip <IPv4_address> Required. Enter the source and destination IPv4 addresses of the VXLAN interface. The VXLAN tunnel destination must match the remote-ip setting of the VXLAN tunnel initiator. No default

tunnel-loopback <interface_name>

Enter the name of the tunnel-loopback interface. The tunnel-loopback can be set only on FS-1048E. When tunnel-loopback is set, VLAN 4087 is reserved.

No default

For example, if you want to create the following two VXLAN tunnels:

You need to configure loopback 1.1.1.1:

config system vxlan

edit "vni.4094"

set vni 4094

set vlan 4094

set ip-version ipv4-unicast

set remote-ip "2.2.2.2"

set interface "loopback"

next

end

 

config system interface

edit "svi.10"

set ip 192.168.0.1

next

edit "loopback"

set ip 1.1.1.1/32

next

end

You need to configure loopback 2.2.2.2:

config system vxlan

edit "vni.4094"

set vni 4094

set vlan 4094

set ip-version ipv4-unicast

set remote-ip "1.1.1.1"

set interface "loopback"

next

end

 

config system interface

edit "svi.10"

set ip 192.168.0.2

next

edit "loopback"

set ip 2.2.2.2/32

next

end

To check the VXLAN configuration:

diagnose switch vxlan mac-address list <VXLAN_interface_name>