The light deception concept uses a combination of endpoint lures with several high interaction decoys only as destination targets.
Using the light deception concept against a sophisticated adversary has some significant drawbacks:
- Deception lures reside on the endpoint and if there is no in-depth customization, this can be fingerprinted.
- A sophisticated adversary that controls several endpoints might fail once and learn the deception lure logic so that the adversary will not make the same mistake next time.
- A sophisticated adversary might not touch the deception lures if it can get high privilege at the beginning of the attack, and the probability of finding several decoys from several thousand assets is non-existent.
- Lack of visibility around unmanaged devices (IoT/OT) where an adversary has plenty of time and space to attack without detection.
- Simple malware spread vectors like pass the hash / single vulnerability attacks are not detected due to a lack of decoys in the network segment level. For example, the Wannacry malware will not get detected using this deployment stack.
A simple explanation of the deception full stack concept is “do not let the sophisticated adversary / malware fingerprint your fake story!”
The deception full stack addresses the drawback of the light deception concept using several deception layers’ architectures:
- Server / endpoint lures are the first layer that engageswith the adversary / APT.
- A large scale of decoys that creates a fake network surface on top of the real one offering false endpoints, servers, network devices, IoT/OT, database, files, applications, cloud, and more. This is the deception everywhere concept.
- Some of the decoys are generated from a customer “gold image” and are part of the network domain to increase the authentic deception level.
The dynamic deception decoys module prevents the sophisticated adversary from fingerprinting the decoys by changing the decoys' IP addresses and profile based on time or trigger.
The FortiDeceptor full stack deception concept runs deception lures with a large scale of decoys using a hybrid mode engine that provides medium and high-level interaction decoys against the adversary / APT malware.