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Table of Contents

Devices Managed by FortiOS

Deploying MCLAG topologies

This section covers the following topics:

Dual-homed servers connected to a pair of FortiSwitch units using an MCLAG

To configure a multichassis LAG, you need to configure FortiSwitch 1 and FortiSwitch 2 as MCLAG peer switches before creating a two-port LAG. See Transitioning from a FortiLink split interface to a FortiLink MCLAG. Then you set up two MCLAGs towards the servers, each MCLAG using one port from each FortiSwitch unit.

This topology is also supported when the FortiGate unit is in HA mode.

NOTE:

  • On the global switch level, mclag-stp-aware must be enabled, and STP must be enabled on all ICL trunks. They are both enabled by default.
  • Fortinet recommends using at least two links for ICL redundancy.

NOTE: If you are going to use IGMP snooping with an MCLAG topology:

  • On the global switch level, mclag-igmpsnooping-aware must be enabled. It is enabled by default.
  • The igmps-flood-traffic and igmps-flood-report settings must be disabled on the ISL and FortiLink trunks; but the igmps-flood-traffic and igmps-flood-report settings must be enabled on ICL trunks. These settings are enabled by default.
  • IGMP proxy must be enabled.

 

Step 1: Ensure the MCLAG ICL is already configured between FortiSwitch 1 and FortiSwitch 2.

diagnose switch-controller switch-info mclag icl

Step 2: For each server, configure a trunk with MCLAG enabled. For server 1, select port10 on FortiSwitch 1 and FortiSwitch 2. For server 2, select port15 on FortiSwitch 1 and FortiSwitch 2.

For details, refer to MCLAG trunks.

Step 4: Verify the MCLAG configuration.

diagnose switch-controller switch-info mclag list

Multi-tiered MCLAG with HA-mode FortiGate units

Use the following procedure to deploy tier-2 and tier-3 MCLAG peer groups from the FortiGate switch controller without the need for direct console access to the FortiSwitch units.

NOTE:

  • Fortinet recommends using at least two links for ICL redundancy.

  • Before FortiOS 6.2.0, when using HA-mode FortiGate units to manage FortiSwitch units, the HA mode must be active-passive. Starting in FortiOS 6.2.0, the FortiGate HA mode can be either active-passive or active-active.
  • In this topology, you must use the auto-isl-port-group setting as described in the following configuration example. This setting instructs the switches to group ports from MCLAG peers together into one MCLAG when the inter-switch link (ISL) is formed.
  • The auto-isl-port-group setting must be done directly on the FortiSwitch unit.
  • On the global switch level, mclag-stp-aware must be enabled, and STP must be enabled on all ICL trunks. They are both enabled by default.

NOTE: If you are going to use IGMP snooping with an MCLAG topology:

  • On the global switch level, mclag-igmpsnooping-aware must be enabled. It is enabled by default.
  • The igmps-flood-traffic and igmps-flood-report settings must be disabled on the ISL and FortiLink trunks; but the igmps-flood-traffic and igmps-flood-report settings must be enabled on ICL trunks. These settings are enabled by default.
  • IGMP proxy must be enabled.

To create a three-tier FortiLink MCLAG topology, use FortiOS 6.2.3 GA or later and FortiSwitchOS 6.2.3 GA or later.

Tier-1 MCLAG

Wire the two core FortiSwitch units to the FortiGate devices. To configure the FortiSwitch units in the core, see Transitioning from a FortiLink split interface to a FortiLink MCLAG.

Tier-2 and Tier-3 MCLAGs

  1. Connect only the tier-2 MCLAG FortiSwitch units 3 and 4 to the core units 1 and 2 (leaving the other switches in Closet 1 disconnected). Wait until they are discovered and authorized (authorization must be done manually if auto-authorization is disabled).
  2. For each tier-2 MCLAG peer group, add an auto-isl-port-group for the tier-2 MCLAG switches on both switch 1 and switch 2:

     

    config switch auto-isl-port-group

    edit tier2-closet-1

    set members port1

    next

    edit tier2-closet-2

    set members port2

    next

    end

     

    This configuration is done directly in the FortiSwitch CLI (or by binding a custom script using custom commands on the FortiGate device. See Executing custom FortiSwitch scripts.

  3. Using the FortiGate CLI, assign the LLDP profile “default-auto-mclag-icl” to the ports that should form the MCLAG ICL in the tier-2 MCLAG switches 3 and 4. For example:

     

    FGT_Switch_Controller # config switch-controller managed-switch

    FGT_Switch_Controller (managed-switch) # edit FS1E48T419000051

    FGT_Switch_Controller (FS1E48T419000051) # config ports

    FGT_Switch_Controller (ports) # edit port49

    FGT_Switch_Controller (port49) # set lldp-profile default-auto-mclag-icl

    FGT_Switch_Controller (port49) # end

    FGT_Switch_Controller (FS1E48T419000051) # end

     

    If there is not a tier-3 MCLAG, skip to step 7.

  4. Wire the tier-3 MCLAG switches 5, 6, 7, and 8. Wait until they are discovered and authorized (authorization must be done manually if auto-authorization is disabled).
  5. For each tier-3 MCLAG peer group, add two auto-isl-port-groups for the tier-3 MCLAG switches on both switch 3 and switch 4:

     

    config switch auto-isl-port-group

    edit tier-2-closet-<1>-downlink-trunk-A

    set member <port_name>

    next

    edit tier-2-closet-<1>-downlink-trunk-B

    set member <port_name>

    next

    end

     

    This configuration is done directly in the FortiSwitch CLI (or by binding a custom script using custom commands on the FortiGate device. See Executing custom FortiSwitch scripts.

  6. Using the FortiGate CLI, assign the LLDP profile “default-auto-mclag-icl” to the ports that should form the ICL in the tier-3 MCLAG peers switches 5 and 6 and switches 7 and 8. For example:

     

    FGT_Switch_Controller # config switch-controller managed-switch

    FGT_Switch_Controller (managed-switch) # edit FS1E48T419000051

    FGT_Switch_Controller (FS1E48T419000051) # config ports

    FGT_Switch_Controller (ports) # edit port49

    FGT_Switch_Controller (port49) # set lldp-profile default-auto-mclag-icl

    FGT_Switch_Controller (port49) # end

    FGT_Switch_Controller (FS1E48T419000051) # end

     

  7. Connect the access switches to the MCLAG peer groups, and the inter-switch links are formed automatically. Wait until they are discovered and authorized (authorization must be done manually if auto-authorization is disabled).
  8. Wire only the tier-2 MCLAG FortiSwitch units from Closet 2 (leaving the other switches in Closet 2 disconnected). Wait until they are discovered and authorized (authorization must be done manually if auto-authorization is disabled). Return to step 3 to complete the process for Closet 2.
  9. All FortiSwitch units are now authorized, and all MCLAG peer groups are enabled. Proceed with the configuration of the FortiSwitch units by assigning VLANs to the access ports and any other functionality required.

HA-mode FortiGate units in different sites

There are two sites in this topology, each with a FortiGate unit. The two sites share the FortiGate units in active-passive HA mode. The FortiGate units use the FortiSwitch units in FortiLink mode as the heartbeat connections because of limited physical connections between the two sites.

FortiOS 6.4.2 or higher and FortiSwitchOS 6.4.2 or higher are required.

Refer to the other network topologies in Deploying MCLAG topologies.

NOTE: Fortinet recommends using at least two links for ICL redundancy.

The following steps are an example of how to configure this topology:

  1. Disconnect the physical connections between the two sites.
  2. On Site 1:
    1. Use the FortiGate unit to establish the FortiLinks on Site 1. See Configuring FortiLink.
    2. Enable the MCLAG-ICL on the core switches of Site 1. See Transitioning from a FortiLink split interface to a FortiLink MCLAG.
    3. Enable the HA mode and set the heartbeat ports on FortiGate-1. FortiGate port1 and port2 are used as HA heartbeat ports in this example. For example, set hbdev "port1" 242 "port2" 25.
    4. Create a switch VLAN or VLANs dedicated to the FortiGate HA heartbeats between the two FortiGate units. For example:

       

      config system interface

      edit "hb1"

      set vdom "vdom name"

      set vlanid 998

      next

      edit "hb2"

      set vdom "vdom name"

      set vlanid 999

      next

      end

       

    5. Under the config switch-controller managed-switch command, set the native VLAN of the switch ports connected to the heartbeat ports using the VLAN created in step 2d.

      In this example, you need to assign port1 of core-switch1 to vlan998 and connect port1 of the active FortiGate unit to port1 of core-switch1. Then you need to assign port1 of core-switch2 to vlan999 and connect port2 of the active FortiGate unit to port1 of core-switch2.

       

      config switch-controller managed-switch

      edit <site1-core-switch1>

      edit "port1"

      set vlan "hb1"

      next

      end

      edit <site1-core-switch2>

      edit "port1"

      set vlan "hb2"

      next

      end

       

    6. Make sure all FortiLinks are up.
  3. On Site 2:
    1. Configure Site 2 using the same configuration as step 2, except for the HA priority.
    2. Make sure all FortiLinks are up.
  4. Disconnect the physical connections for the FortiGate HA and FortiLink interface on Site 2.
  5. Connect the cables between the two pairs of core switches in Site 1 and Site 2.
  6. On both sites:
    1. On the MCLAG Peer Group switches at Site 1, use the config switch auto-isl-port-group command in the FortiSwitch CLI to group the ports to Site 2. See Deploying MCLAG topologies.
    2. On the MCLAG Peer Group switches at Site 2 , use the config switch auto-isl-port-group command in the FortiSwitch CLI to group the ports to Site 1. See Deploying MCLAG topologies.
    3. Make sure all the FortiLinks are up.
  7. Connect the FortiGate HA and FortiLink interface connections on Site 2.
  8. Check the configuration:
    1. On both sites, enter the get system ha status command on the FortiGate unit to check the HA status.
    2. On the active (master) FortiGate unit, enter the execute switch-controller get-conn-status command to check the FortiLink state.
  9. In the GUI, the example configuration looks like the following:

Deploying MCLAG topologies

This section covers the following topics:

Dual-homed servers connected to a pair of FortiSwitch units using an MCLAG

To configure a multichassis LAG, you need to configure FortiSwitch 1 and FortiSwitch 2 as MCLAG peer switches before creating a two-port LAG. See Transitioning from a FortiLink split interface to a FortiLink MCLAG. Then you set up two MCLAGs towards the servers, each MCLAG using one port from each FortiSwitch unit.

This topology is also supported when the FortiGate unit is in HA mode.

NOTE:

  • On the global switch level, mclag-stp-aware must be enabled, and STP must be enabled on all ICL trunks. They are both enabled by default.
  • Fortinet recommends using at least two links for ICL redundancy.

NOTE: If you are going to use IGMP snooping with an MCLAG topology:

  • On the global switch level, mclag-igmpsnooping-aware must be enabled. It is enabled by default.
  • The igmps-flood-traffic and igmps-flood-report settings must be disabled on the ISL and FortiLink trunks; but the igmps-flood-traffic and igmps-flood-report settings must be enabled on ICL trunks. These settings are enabled by default.
  • IGMP proxy must be enabled.

 

Step 1: Ensure the MCLAG ICL is already configured between FortiSwitch 1 and FortiSwitch 2.

diagnose switch-controller switch-info mclag icl

Step 2: For each server, configure a trunk with MCLAG enabled. For server 1, select port10 on FortiSwitch 1 and FortiSwitch 2. For server 2, select port15 on FortiSwitch 1 and FortiSwitch 2.

For details, refer to MCLAG trunks.

Step 4: Verify the MCLAG configuration.

diagnose switch-controller switch-info mclag list

Multi-tiered MCLAG with HA-mode FortiGate units

Use the following procedure to deploy tier-2 and tier-3 MCLAG peer groups from the FortiGate switch controller without the need for direct console access to the FortiSwitch units.

NOTE:

  • Fortinet recommends using at least two links for ICL redundancy.

  • Before FortiOS 6.2.0, when using HA-mode FortiGate units to manage FortiSwitch units, the HA mode must be active-passive. Starting in FortiOS 6.2.0, the FortiGate HA mode can be either active-passive or active-active.
  • In this topology, you must use the auto-isl-port-group setting as described in the following configuration example. This setting instructs the switches to group ports from MCLAG peers together into one MCLAG when the inter-switch link (ISL) is formed.
  • The auto-isl-port-group setting must be done directly on the FortiSwitch unit.
  • On the global switch level, mclag-stp-aware must be enabled, and STP must be enabled on all ICL trunks. They are both enabled by default.

NOTE: If you are going to use IGMP snooping with an MCLAG topology:

  • On the global switch level, mclag-igmpsnooping-aware must be enabled. It is enabled by default.
  • The igmps-flood-traffic and igmps-flood-report settings must be disabled on the ISL and FortiLink trunks; but the igmps-flood-traffic and igmps-flood-report settings must be enabled on ICL trunks. These settings are enabled by default.
  • IGMP proxy must be enabled.

To create a three-tier FortiLink MCLAG topology, use FortiOS 6.2.3 GA or later and FortiSwitchOS 6.2.3 GA or later.

Tier-1 MCLAG

Wire the two core FortiSwitch units to the FortiGate devices. To configure the FortiSwitch units in the core, see Transitioning from a FortiLink split interface to a FortiLink MCLAG.

Tier-2 and Tier-3 MCLAGs

  1. Connect only the tier-2 MCLAG FortiSwitch units 3 and 4 to the core units 1 and 2 (leaving the other switches in Closet 1 disconnected). Wait until they are discovered and authorized (authorization must be done manually if auto-authorization is disabled).
  2. For each tier-2 MCLAG peer group, add an auto-isl-port-group for the tier-2 MCLAG switches on both switch 1 and switch 2:

     

    config switch auto-isl-port-group

    edit tier2-closet-1

    set members port1

    next

    edit tier2-closet-2

    set members port2

    next

    end

     

    This configuration is done directly in the FortiSwitch CLI (or by binding a custom script using custom commands on the FortiGate device. See Executing custom FortiSwitch scripts.

  3. Using the FortiGate CLI, assign the LLDP profile “default-auto-mclag-icl” to the ports that should form the MCLAG ICL in the tier-2 MCLAG switches 3 and 4. For example:

     

    FGT_Switch_Controller # config switch-controller managed-switch

    FGT_Switch_Controller (managed-switch) # edit FS1E48T419000051

    FGT_Switch_Controller (FS1E48T419000051) # config ports

    FGT_Switch_Controller (ports) # edit port49

    FGT_Switch_Controller (port49) # set lldp-profile default-auto-mclag-icl

    FGT_Switch_Controller (port49) # end

    FGT_Switch_Controller (FS1E48T419000051) # end

     

    If there is not a tier-3 MCLAG, skip to step 7.

  4. Wire the tier-3 MCLAG switches 5, 6, 7, and 8. Wait until they are discovered and authorized (authorization must be done manually if auto-authorization is disabled).
  5. For each tier-3 MCLAG peer group, add two auto-isl-port-groups for the tier-3 MCLAG switches on both switch 3 and switch 4:

     

    config switch auto-isl-port-group

    edit tier-2-closet-<1>-downlink-trunk-A

    set member <port_name>

    next

    edit tier-2-closet-<1>-downlink-trunk-B

    set member <port_name>

    next

    end

     

    This configuration is done directly in the FortiSwitch CLI (or by binding a custom script using custom commands on the FortiGate device. See Executing custom FortiSwitch scripts.

  6. Using the FortiGate CLI, assign the LLDP profile “default-auto-mclag-icl” to the ports that should form the ICL in the tier-3 MCLAG peers switches 5 and 6 and switches 7 and 8. For example:

     

    FGT_Switch_Controller # config switch-controller managed-switch

    FGT_Switch_Controller (managed-switch) # edit FS1E48T419000051

    FGT_Switch_Controller (FS1E48T419000051) # config ports

    FGT_Switch_Controller (ports) # edit port49

    FGT_Switch_Controller (port49) # set lldp-profile default-auto-mclag-icl

    FGT_Switch_Controller (port49) # end

    FGT_Switch_Controller (FS1E48T419000051) # end

     

  7. Connect the access switches to the MCLAG peer groups, and the inter-switch links are formed automatically. Wait until they are discovered and authorized (authorization must be done manually if auto-authorization is disabled).
  8. Wire only the tier-2 MCLAG FortiSwitch units from Closet 2 (leaving the other switches in Closet 2 disconnected). Wait until they are discovered and authorized (authorization must be done manually if auto-authorization is disabled). Return to step 3 to complete the process for Closet 2.
  9. All FortiSwitch units are now authorized, and all MCLAG peer groups are enabled. Proceed with the configuration of the FortiSwitch units by assigning VLANs to the access ports and any other functionality required.

HA-mode FortiGate units in different sites

There are two sites in this topology, each with a FortiGate unit. The two sites share the FortiGate units in active-passive HA mode. The FortiGate units use the FortiSwitch units in FortiLink mode as the heartbeat connections because of limited physical connections between the two sites.

FortiOS 6.4.2 or higher and FortiSwitchOS 6.4.2 or higher are required.

Refer to the other network topologies in Deploying MCLAG topologies.

NOTE: Fortinet recommends using at least two links for ICL redundancy.

The following steps are an example of how to configure this topology:

  1. Disconnect the physical connections between the two sites.
  2. On Site 1:
    1. Use the FortiGate unit to establish the FortiLinks on Site 1. See Configuring FortiLink.
    2. Enable the MCLAG-ICL on the core switches of Site 1. See Transitioning from a FortiLink split interface to a FortiLink MCLAG.
    3. Enable the HA mode and set the heartbeat ports on FortiGate-1. FortiGate port1 and port2 are used as HA heartbeat ports in this example. For example, set hbdev "port1" 242 "port2" 25.
    4. Create a switch VLAN or VLANs dedicated to the FortiGate HA heartbeats between the two FortiGate units. For example:

       

      config system interface

      edit "hb1"

      set vdom "vdom name"

      set vlanid 998

      next

      edit "hb2"

      set vdom "vdom name"

      set vlanid 999

      next

      end

       

    5. Under the config switch-controller managed-switch command, set the native VLAN of the switch ports connected to the heartbeat ports using the VLAN created in step 2d.

      In this example, you need to assign port1 of core-switch1 to vlan998 and connect port1 of the active FortiGate unit to port1 of core-switch1. Then you need to assign port1 of core-switch2 to vlan999 and connect port2 of the active FortiGate unit to port1 of core-switch2.

       

      config switch-controller managed-switch

      edit <site1-core-switch1>

      edit "port1"

      set vlan "hb1"

      next

      end

      edit <site1-core-switch2>

      edit "port1"

      set vlan "hb2"

      next

      end

       

    6. Make sure all FortiLinks are up.
  3. On Site 2:
    1. Configure Site 2 using the same configuration as step 2, except for the HA priority.
    2. Make sure all FortiLinks are up.
  4. Disconnect the physical connections for the FortiGate HA and FortiLink interface on Site 2.
  5. Connect the cables between the two pairs of core switches in Site 1 and Site 2.
  6. On both sites:
    1. On the MCLAG Peer Group switches at Site 1, use the config switch auto-isl-port-group command in the FortiSwitch CLI to group the ports to Site 2. See Deploying MCLAG topologies.
    2. On the MCLAG Peer Group switches at Site 2 , use the config switch auto-isl-port-group command in the FortiSwitch CLI to group the ports to Site 1. See Deploying MCLAG topologies.
    3. Make sure all the FortiLinks are up.
  7. Connect the FortiGate HA and FortiLink interface connections on Site 2.
  8. Check the configuration:
    1. On both sites, enter the get system ha status command on the FortiGate unit to check the HA status.
    2. On the active (master) FortiGate unit, enter the execute switch-controller get-conn-status command to check the FortiLink state.
  9. In the GUI, the example configuration looks like the following: