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FortiGate-VM on Xen

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FortiGate-VM interrupt affinity

In addition to enabling SR-IOV in the VM host, to fully take advantage of SR-IOV performance improvements you need to configure interrupt affinity for your FortiGate-VM. Interrupt affinity (also called CPU affinity) maps FortiGate-VM interrupts to the CPUs that are assigned to your FortiGate-VM. You use a CPU affinity mask to define the CPUs that the interrupts are assigned to.

A common use of this feature would be to improve your FortiGate-VM's networking performance by:

  • On the VM host, add multiple host CPUs to your FortiGate-VM.
  • On the VM host, configure CPU affinity to specify the CPUs that the FortiGate-VM can use.
  • On the VM host, configure other VM clients on the VM host to use other CPUs.
  • On the FortiGate-VM, assign network interface interrupts to a CPU affinity mask that includes the CPUs that the FortiGate-VM can use.

In this way, all of the available CPU interrupts for the configured host CPUs are used to process traffic on your FortiGate interfaces. This configuration could lead to improve FortiGate-VM network performance because you have dedicated VM host CPU cycles to processing your FortiGate-VM's network traffic.

You can use the following CLI command to configure interrupt affinity for your FortiGate-VM:

config system affinity-interrupt

edit <index>

set interrupt <interrupt-name>

set affinity-cpumask <cpu-affinity-mask>

next

Where:

<interrupt-name> the name of the interrupt to associate with a CPU affinity mask. You can view your FortiGate-VM interrupts using the diagnose hardware sysinfo interrupts command. Usually you would associate all of the interrupts for a given interface with the same CPU affinity mask.

<cpu-affinity-mask> the CPU affinity mask for the CPUs that will process the associated interrupt.

For example, consider the following configuration:

  • The port2 and port3 interfaces of a FortiGate-VM send and receive most of the traffic.
  • On the VM host you have set up CPU affinity between your FortiGate-VM and four CPUs (CPU 0, 1 , 2, and 3)
  • SR-IOV is enabled and SR-IOV interfaces use the i40evf interface driver.

The output from the diagnose hardware sysinfo interrupts command shows that port2 has the following transmit and receive interrupts:

i40evf-port2-TxRx-0

i40evf-port2-TxRx-1

i40evf-port2-TxRx-2

i40evf-port2-TxRx-3

The output from the diagnose hardware sysinfo interrupts command shows that port3 has the following transmit and receive interrupts:

i40evf-port3-TxRx-0

i40evf-port3-TxRx-1

i40evf-port3-TxRx-2

i40evf-port3-TxRx-3

Use the following command to associate the port2 and port3 interrupts with CPU 0, 1 , 2, and 3.

config system affinity-interrupt

edit 1

set interrupt "i40evf-port2-TxRx-0"

set affinity-cpumask "0x0000000000000001"

next

edit 2

set interrupt "i40evf-port2-TxRx-1"

set affinity-cpumask "0x0000000000000002"

next

edit 3

set interrupt "i40evf-port2-TxRx-2"

set affinity-cpumask "0x0000000000000004"

next

edit 4

set interrupt "i40evf-port2-TxRx-3"

set affinity-cpumask "0x0000000000000008"

next

edit 1

set interrupt "i40evf-port3-TxRx-0"

set affinity-cpumask "0x0000000000000001"

next

edit 2

set interrupt "i40evf-port3-TxRx-1"

set affinity-cpumask "0x0000000000000002"

next

edit 3

set interrupt "i40evf-port3-TxRx-2"

set affinity-cpumask "0x0000000000000004"

next

edit 4

set interrupt "i40evf-port3-TxRx-3"

set affinity-cpumask "0x0000000000000008"

next

end

Resources

FortiGate-VM interrupt affinity

In addition to enabling SR-IOV in the VM host, to fully take advantage of SR-IOV performance improvements you need to configure interrupt affinity for your FortiGate-VM. Interrupt affinity (also called CPU affinity) maps FortiGate-VM interrupts to the CPUs that are assigned to your FortiGate-VM. You use a CPU affinity mask to define the CPUs that the interrupts are assigned to.

A common use of this feature would be to improve your FortiGate-VM's networking performance by:

  • On the VM host, add multiple host CPUs to your FortiGate-VM.
  • On the VM host, configure CPU affinity to specify the CPUs that the FortiGate-VM can use.
  • On the VM host, configure other VM clients on the VM host to use other CPUs.
  • On the FortiGate-VM, assign network interface interrupts to a CPU affinity mask that includes the CPUs that the FortiGate-VM can use.

In this way, all of the available CPU interrupts for the configured host CPUs are used to process traffic on your FortiGate interfaces. This configuration could lead to improve FortiGate-VM network performance because you have dedicated VM host CPU cycles to processing your FortiGate-VM's network traffic.

You can use the following CLI command to configure interrupt affinity for your FortiGate-VM:

config system affinity-interrupt

edit <index>

set interrupt <interrupt-name>

set affinity-cpumask <cpu-affinity-mask>

next

Where:

<interrupt-name> the name of the interrupt to associate with a CPU affinity mask. You can view your FortiGate-VM interrupts using the diagnose hardware sysinfo interrupts command. Usually you would associate all of the interrupts for a given interface with the same CPU affinity mask.

<cpu-affinity-mask> the CPU affinity mask for the CPUs that will process the associated interrupt.

For example, consider the following configuration:

  • The port2 and port3 interfaces of a FortiGate-VM send and receive most of the traffic.
  • On the VM host you have set up CPU affinity between your FortiGate-VM and four CPUs (CPU 0, 1 , 2, and 3)
  • SR-IOV is enabled and SR-IOV interfaces use the i40evf interface driver.

The output from the diagnose hardware sysinfo interrupts command shows that port2 has the following transmit and receive interrupts:

i40evf-port2-TxRx-0

i40evf-port2-TxRx-1

i40evf-port2-TxRx-2

i40evf-port2-TxRx-3

The output from the diagnose hardware sysinfo interrupts command shows that port3 has the following transmit and receive interrupts:

i40evf-port3-TxRx-0

i40evf-port3-TxRx-1

i40evf-port3-TxRx-2

i40evf-port3-TxRx-3

Use the following command to associate the port2 and port3 interrupts with CPU 0, 1 , 2, and 3.

config system affinity-interrupt

edit 1

set interrupt "i40evf-port2-TxRx-0"

set affinity-cpumask "0x0000000000000001"

next

edit 2

set interrupt "i40evf-port2-TxRx-1"

set affinity-cpumask "0x0000000000000002"

next

edit 3

set interrupt "i40evf-port2-TxRx-2"

set affinity-cpumask "0x0000000000000004"

next

edit 4

set interrupt "i40evf-port2-TxRx-3"

set affinity-cpumask "0x0000000000000008"

next

edit 1

set interrupt "i40evf-port3-TxRx-0"

set affinity-cpumask "0x0000000000000001"

next

edit 2

set interrupt "i40evf-port3-TxRx-1"

set affinity-cpumask "0x0000000000000002"

next

edit 3

set interrupt "i40evf-port3-TxRx-2"

set affinity-cpumask "0x0000000000000004"

next

edit 4

set interrupt "i40evf-port3-TxRx-3"

set affinity-cpumask "0x0000000000000008"

next

end