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Appliance Setup

This document describes how to setup the FSM-500F appliance.

All-in-one Installation

Step 1: Rack mount the FSM-500F Appliance

  1. Follow FortiSIEM 500F QuickStart Guide to mount FSM-500F into rack.
  2. Connect FSM-500F to the network by connecting an Ethernet cable to Port1.
Before proceeding to the next step, connecting Ethernet cable to Port1 is required for Network configuration.

Step 2: Power On the FSM-500F Appliance

  1. Make sure the FSM-500F device is connected to a Power outlet and an Ethernet cable is connected to Port1.
  2. Power On the FSM-500F device.

Step 3: Verify System Information

  1. Connect to the FSM-500F appliance using VGA port or Console port.
  2. Login as user root with password ProspectHills.
  3. You will be asked to change your password. Once you change the password, you will be logged out. Login again with your new password.

    note icon

    Note this password—you will need it in a later step.

  4. Run get to check the available FortiSIEM commands.
  5. Use the below commands to check the hardware information. After running each command, ensure that there are no errors in the displayed output.

    Command Description
    get system status Displays system name, version and serial number.
    diagnose hardware info Displays system hardware information like CPUs, Memory and RAID information.
    diagnose interface detail port0 Displays interface status.

Step 4: Configure FortiSIEM via GUI

  1. Log in as user root with the password you set in Step 3 above.
  2. At the command prompt, go to /usr/local/bin and enter configFSM.sh, for example:

    # configFSM.sh

    A simple GUI will open.

  3. In the GUI, select 1 Set Timezone and then press Next.

  4. Select your Region, and press Next.

  5. Select your Country, and press Next.

  6. Select the Country and City for your timezone, and press Next.

  7. Select 1 Collector. Press Next.

  8. If you want to enable FIPS, then choose 2 install_with_fips. Otherwise, choose 1 install_without_fips. You have the option of enabling FIPS (option 3) or disabling FIPS (option 4) later.

  9. When prompted, enter the information for these network components to configure the Static IP address: IP Address, Netmask, Gateway, DNS Server(s).Configure the network by entering the following fields.

    Press Next.

    note icon

    Note the IP Address—you will need it in a later step.

    Option Description
    Host Name Collector's host name
    IPv4 Address The Collector's IPv4 address
    NetMask The Collector's subnet
    Gateway Network gateway address
    FQDN Fully-qualified domain name
    DNS1, DNS2 Addresses of DNS server 1 and DNS server 2

  10. Test connectivity by connecting to a well-known public internet site, as shown in the following dialog box. Press Next.

  11. The final configuration confirmation is displayed. Verify that the parameters are correct. If they are not, then press Back to return to previous dialog boxes to correct any errors. If everything is OK, then press Run.

    The options are described in the following table.

    Option Description
    -r The FortiSIEM component being configured
    -z The time zone being configured
    -i IPv4-formatted address
    -m Address of the subnet mask
    -g Address of the gateway server used
    --host Host name
    -f FQDN address: fully-qualified domain name
    -t The IP type. The values can be either 4 (for ipv4) or 6 (for v6) Note: the 6 value is not currently supported.

    --dns1, --dns2

    Addresses of the DNS server 1 and DNS server 2.

    -o

    Installation option.

    -z Time zone. Examples of possible values are US/Pacific, Asia/Shanghai, Europe/London, or Africa/Tunis

    --testpinghost

    The URL used to test connectivity

Once the configuration is complete, the system reboots automatically.

Step 5: Register Collectors

Collectors can be deployed in Enterprise or Service Provider environments.

Enterprise Deployments

For enterprise deployments, follow these steps:

  1. Log in to Supervisor with Admin privileges.
  2. Go to ADMIN > Setup > Collectors and add a Collector by entering:
    1. Name – Collector name.
    2. Guaranteed EPS – This is the EPS that the Collector will always be able to send. It could send more if there is excess EPS available.
    3. Start Time and End Time – set to Unlimited.
  3. SSH to the Collector and run following script to register Collectors:

    phProvisionCollector --add <user> <password> <Super IP or Host> <Organization> <CollectorName>

    1. Set user and password use the admin User Name and password for the Supervisor.
    2. Set Super IP or Host as the Supervisor's IP address.
    3. Set Organization. For Enterprise deployments, the default name is Super.
    4. Set CollectorName from Step 2a.
  4. The Collector will reboot during the Registration.

  5. Go to ADMIN > Health > Collector Health to see the Collector status.

Service Provider Deployments 

For Service Provider deployments, follow these steps.

  1. Log in to Supervisor with Admin privileges.
  2. Go to ADMIN > Settings > System > Event Worker and enter the IP of the Worker node. Click OK.

  3. Go to ADMIN > Setup > Organizations and click New to add an Organization.

  4. Enter the Organization Name, Admin User, Admin Password, and Admin Email.
  5. Under Collectors, click New.
  6. Enter the Collector Name, Guaranteed EPS, Start Time, and End Time.

    The last two values could be set as Unlimited. Guaranteed EPS is the EPS that the Collector will always be able to send. It could send more if there is excess EPS available.

  7. SSH to the Collector and run following script to register Collectors:

    phProvisionCollector --add <user> <password> <Super IP or Host> <Organization> <CollectorName>

    1. Set user and password use the admin User Name and password for the Supervisor.
    2. Set Super IP or Host as the Supervisor's IP address.
    3. Set Organization as the name of an organization created on the Super.
    4. Set CollectorName from Step 6 by command line, for example:

      # phProvisionCollector --add admin Admin*11 172.30.53.130 ORG1289 CO1289

    5. A message will display after the completion:

      Continuing to provision the Collector

      This collector is registered successfully. Normal Exit and restart of phMonitor after collector license registration.

      The Collector will reboot during the Registration.

  8. Go to ADMIN > Health > Collector Health to see the status of the Collector.

Step 6: Using FortiSIEM

Refer to the FortiSIEM User Guide for detailed information about using FortiSIEM.

Factory Reset

Follow the steps below to perform factory reset on FortiSIEM FSM-500F.

Step 1: Uninstall FortiSIEM application

  1. Connect FortiSIEM device using VGA or Console port.
  2. Login as ‘root’ user with password 'ProspectHills'.
  3. To check the available FortiSIEM commands, run get.
  4. To uninstall FortiSIEM, run execute fsm-clean.
    This script will uninstall FortiSIEM Collector.

Step 2: Reinstall FortiSIEM application

  1. Power on the hardware.
  2. Login as ‘root’ user with password 'ProspectHills'.
  3. To check Hardware status and RAID information, run diagnose hardware info.
    Note: RAID Information is NOT applicable to FSM-500F model.
  4. To install FortiSIEM Collector, run ‘execute factoryreset’.
    Note: This script takes 5 minutes to complete FortiSIEM Collector installation.
Follow the steps under Appliance Setup to configure FSM-500F.

Upgrading FortiSIEM Collector

For upgrading FortiSIEM Collector, refer to the section 'Upgrading Collectors' in the Upgrade Guide.

Appliance Re-image

Ensure that the following prerequisites are met before re-imaging FortiSIEM.

Hardware Software

Peripherals

  • USB Keyboard
  • USB Mouse
  • VGA Monitor

USB Thumbdrive

  • 4 GB Thumbdrive (for Linux installation)
  • 8 GB Thumbdrive (for FortiSIEM appliance image)

Follow the below steps to re-image FortiSIEM.

Step 1: Create Bootable Linux Image

  1. Connect 4 GB USB drive to the system (desktop or laptop).
  2. Open Rufus.
  3. Select the following settings for the USB:
    1. Partition scheme and target system type: MBR partition scheme for BIOS or UEFI
    2. File system: FAT32
    3. Cluster size: 4096 bytes (Default)
    4. Quick Format: Enable
    5. Create a bootable disk using: ISO image
  4. Click on the 'CD-ROM' icon and select the Ubuntu Setup ISO.
  5. Click Start and allow Rufus to complete.
    Once finished, the disk is ready to boot.
  6. Note: Alternatively, you can use the Ubuntu guide for creating a USB drive with Ubuntu.

Step 2: Copy FortiSIEM Collector image to USB

  1. Connect 8 GB USB Drive to the system (desktop or laptop).
  2. Open Windows Explorer > right-click Drive > click Format.
  3. Select the following options:
    1. File system: NTFS
    2. Allocation unit size: 4096 bytes
    3. Quick Format: Enable
  4. Copy the image file to USB drive. For example:

    FSM_Full_All_RAW_HW-6.1.1.0112.zip

  5. Safely remove the USB drive from the desktop or laptop by unmounting it through the operating system.

Step 3: Prepare 500F by removing FSM

  1. Connect to the console/SSH of the FortiSIEM appliance.
  2. Run the following command: execute fsm-clean
  3. Allow this command to run and power-off the FortiSIEM appliance.

Step 4: Configure 500F BIOS to Boot into USB Drive

  1. Connect the 4 GB USB drive to the FortiSIEM appliance.
  2. Power on the FortiSIEM appliance.
  3. During the boot screen, press F11 to login to the boot options.
  4. Select the option to enter into the BIOS set up.
  5. Select the option for Boot options.
  6. Select the 'USB drive'.
  7. Save the options and quit set up.

Step 5: Re-image 500F boot drive from USB Linux

  1. Power on FortiSIEM appliance.
  2. Once the FortiSIEM appliance loads from the USB drive, click Try Ubuntu.
  3. Connect the 8GB USB drive to the FortiSIEM appliance.
  4. Open a terminal.
  5. Type the following command to identify the FortiSIEM boot disk (29.5GB): sudo fdisk –l.
    Note: This drive will be referred as /dev/sdb in the following steps.
  6. Enter into root while in the terminal using the following command:
    sudo –s
  7. Determine the mount point of this drive by using the following command:
    df –l
    Note: For this guide, the assumption for the 8GB mount point is: /media/ubuntu/123456789/*
  8. Copy the image from the 8GB disk to the FortiSIEM boot disk.
  9. Extract the zipped raw image and copy the image into SATA disk (32GB). For example, use the command:

    # unzip -c FSM_Full_All_RAW_HW-6.1.1.0112.zip

    # dd of=/dev/sdb status=progress

  10. Once this is completed, power off the FortiSIEM appliance using the following commands:
    shutdown –h now
  11. After shutdown, remove both USB drives from the FortiSIEM appliance.
  12. Power on FortiSIEM appliance.
  13. Reinstall FortiSIEM application (as in Factory Reset - step 2).

Appliance Setup

This document describes how to setup the FSM-500F appliance.

All-in-one Installation

Step 1: Rack mount the FSM-500F Appliance

  1. Follow FortiSIEM 500F QuickStart Guide to mount FSM-500F into rack.
  2. Connect FSM-500F to the network by connecting an Ethernet cable to Port1.
Before proceeding to the next step, connecting Ethernet cable to Port1 is required for Network configuration.

Step 2: Power On the FSM-500F Appliance

  1. Make sure the FSM-500F device is connected to a Power outlet and an Ethernet cable is connected to Port1.
  2. Power On the FSM-500F device.

Step 3: Verify System Information

  1. Connect to the FSM-500F appliance using VGA port or Console port.
  2. Login as user root with password ProspectHills.
  3. You will be asked to change your password. Once you change the password, you will be logged out. Login again with your new password.

    note icon

    Note this password—you will need it in a later step.

  4. Run get to check the available FortiSIEM commands.
  5. Use the below commands to check the hardware information. After running each command, ensure that there are no errors in the displayed output.

    Command Description
    get system status Displays system name, version and serial number.
    diagnose hardware info Displays system hardware information like CPUs, Memory and RAID information.
    diagnose interface detail port0 Displays interface status.

Step 4: Configure FortiSIEM via GUI

  1. Log in as user root with the password you set in Step 3 above.
  2. At the command prompt, go to /usr/local/bin and enter configFSM.sh, for example:

    # configFSM.sh

    A simple GUI will open.

  3. In the GUI, select 1 Set Timezone and then press Next.

  4. Select your Region, and press Next.

  5. Select your Country, and press Next.

  6. Select the Country and City for your timezone, and press Next.

  7. Select 1 Collector. Press Next.

  8. If you want to enable FIPS, then choose 2 install_with_fips. Otherwise, choose 1 install_without_fips. You have the option of enabling FIPS (option 3) or disabling FIPS (option 4) later.

  9. When prompted, enter the information for these network components to configure the Static IP address: IP Address, Netmask, Gateway, DNS Server(s).Configure the network by entering the following fields.

    Press Next.

    note icon

    Note the IP Address—you will need it in a later step.

    Option Description
    Host Name Collector's host name
    IPv4 Address The Collector's IPv4 address
    NetMask The Collector's subnet
    Gateway Network gateway address
    FQDN Fully-qualified domain name
    DNS1, DNS2 Addresses of DNS server 1 and DNS server 2

  10. Test connectivity by connecting to a well-known public internet site, as shown in the following dialog box. Press Next.

  11. The final configuration confirmation is displayed. Verify that the parameters are correct. If they are not, then press Back to return to previous dialog boxes to correct any errors. If everything is OK, then press Run.

    The options are described in the following table.

    Option Description
    -r The FortiSIEM component being configured
    -z The time zone being configured
    -i IPv4-formatted address
    -m Address of the subnet mask
    -g Address of the gateway server used
    --host Host name
    -f FQDN address: fully-qualified domain name
    -t The IP type. The values can be either 4 (for ipv4) or 6 (for v6) Note: the 6 value is not currently supported.

    --dns1, --dns2

    Addresses of the DNS server 1 and DNS server 2.

    -o

    Installation option.

    -z Time zone. Examples of possible values are US/Pacific, Asia/Shanghai, Europe/London, or Africa/Tunis

    --testpinghost

    The URL used to test connectivity

Once the configuration is complete, the system reboots automatically.

Step 5: Register Collectors

Collectors can be deployed in Enterprise or Service Provider environments.

Enterprise Deployments

For enterprise deployments, follow these steps:

  1. Log in to Supervisor with Admin privileges.
  2. Go to ADMIN > Setup > Collectors and add a Collector by entering:
    1. Name – Collector name.
    2. Guaranteed EPS – This is the EPS that the Collector will always be able to send. It could send more if there is excess EPS available.
    3. Start Time and End Time – set to Unlimited.
  3. SSH to the Collector and run following script to register Collectors:

    phProvisionCollector --add <user> <password> <Super IP or Host> <Organization> <CollectorName>

    1. Set user and password use the admin User Name and password for the Supervisor.
    2. Set Super IP or Host as the Supervisor's IP address.
    3. Set Organization. For Enterprise deployments, the default name is Super.
    4. Set CollectorName from Step 2a.
  4. The Collector will reboot during the Registration.

  5. Go to ADMIN > Health > Collector Health to see the Collector status.

Service Provider Deployments 

For Service Provider deployments, follow these steps.

  1. Log in to Supervisor with Admin privileges.
  2. Go to ADMIN > Settings > System > Event Worker and enter the IP of the Worker node. Click OK.

  3. Go to ADMIN > Setup > Organizations and click New to add an Organization.

  4. Enter the Organization Name, Admin User, Admin Password, and Admin Email.
  5. Under Collectors, click New.
  6. Enter the Collector Name, Guaranteed EPS, Start Time, and End Time.

    The last two values could be set as Unlimited. Guaranteed EPS is the EPS that the Collector will always be able to send. It could send more if there is excess EPS available.

  7. SSH to the Collector and run following script to register Collectors:

    phProvisionCollector --add <user> <password> <Super IP or Host> <Organization> <CollectorName>

    1. Set user and password use the admin User Name and password for the Supervisor.
    2. Set Super IP or Host as the Supervisor's IP address.
    3. Set Organization as the name of an organization created on the Super.
    4. Set CollectorName from Step 6 by command line, for example:

      # phProvisionCollector --add admin Admin*11 172.30.53.130 ORG1289 CO1289

    5. A message will display after the completion:

      Continuing to provision the Collector

      This collector is registered successfully. Normal Exit and restart of phMonitor after collector license registration.

      The Collector will reboot during the Registration.

  8. Go to ADMIN > Health > Collector Health to see the status of the Collector.

Step 6: Using FortiSIEM

Refer to the FortiSIEM User Guide for detailed information about using FortiSIEM.

Factory Reset

Follow the steps below to perform factory reset on FortiSIEM FSM-500F.

Step 1: Uninstall FortiSIEM application

  1. Connect FortiSIEM device using VGA or Console port.
  2. Login as ‘root’ user with password 'ProspectHills'.
  3. To check the available FortiSIEM commands, run get.
  4. To uninstall FortiSIEM, run execute fsm-clean.
    This script will uninstall FortiSIEM Collector.

Step 2: Reinstall FortiSIEM application

  1. Power on the hardware.
  2. Login as ‘root’ user with password 'ProspectHills'.
  3. To check Hardware status and RAID information, run diagnose hardware info.
    Note: RAID Information is NOT applicable to FSM-500F model.
  4. To install FortiSIEM Collector, run ‘execute factoryreset’.
    Note: This script takes 5 minutes to complete FortiSIEM Collector installation.
Follow the steps under Appliance Setup to configure FSM-500F.

Upgrading FortiSIEM Collector

For upgrading FortiSIEM Collector, refer to the section 'Upgrading Collectors' in the Upgrade Guide.

Appliance Re-image

Ensure that the following prerequisites are met before re-imaging FortiSIEM.

Hardware Software

Peripherals

  • USB Keyboard
  • USB Mouse
  • VGA Monitor

USB Thumbdrive

  • 4 GB Thumbdrive (for Linux installation)
  • 8 GB Thumbdrive (for FortiSIEM appliance image)

Follow the below steps to re-image FortiSIEM.

Step 1: Create Bootable Linux Image

  1. Connect 4 GB USB drive to the system (desktop or laptop).
  2. Open Rufus.
  3. Select the following settings for the USB:
    1. Partition scheme and target system type: MBR partition scheme for BIOS or UEFI
    2. File system: FAT32
    3. Cluster size: 4096 bytes (Default)
    4. Quick Format: Enable
    5. Create a bootable disk using: ISO image
  4. Click on the 'CD-ROM' icon and select the Ubuntu Setup ISO.
  5. Click Start and allow Rufus to complete.
    Once finished, the disk is ready to boot.
  6. Note: Alternatively, you can use the Ubuntu guide for creating a USB drive with Ubuntu.

Step 2: Copy FortiSIEM Collector image to USB

  1. Connect 8 GB USB Drive to the system (desktop or laptop).
  2. Open Windows Explorer > right-click Drive > click Format.
  3. Select the following options:
    1. File system: NTFS
    2. Allocation unit size: 4096 bytes
    3. Quick Format: Enable
  4. Copy the image file to USB drive. For example:

    FSM_Full_All_RAW_HW-6.1.1.0112.zip

  5. Safely remove the USB drive from the desktop or laptop by unmounting it through the operating system.

Step 3: Prepare 500F by removing FSM

  1. Connect to the console/SSH of the FortiSIEM appliance.
  2. Run the following command: execute fsm-clean
  3. Allow this command to run and power-off the FortiSIEM appliance.

Step 4: Configure 500F BIOS to Boot into USB Drive

  1. Connect the 4 GB USB drive to the FortiSIEM appliance.
  2. Power on the FortiSIEM appliance.
  3. During the boot screen, press F11 to login to the boot options.
  4. Select the option to enter into the BIOS set up.
  5. Select the option for Boot options.
  6. Select the 'USB drive'.
  7. Save the options and quit set up.

Step 5: Re-image 500F boot drive from USB Linux

  1. Power on FortiSIEM appliance.
  2. Once the FortiSIEM appliance loads from the USB drive, click Try Ubuntu.
  3. Connect the 8GB USB drive to the FortiSIEM appliance.
  4. Open a terminal.
  5. Type the following command to identify the FortiSIEM boot disk (29.5GB): sudo fdisk –l.
    Note: This drive will be referred as /dev/sdb in the following steps.
  6. Enter into root while in the terminal using the following command:
    sudo –s
  7. Determine the mount point of this drive by using the following command:
    df –l
    Note: For this guide, the assumption for the 8GB mount point is: /media/ubuntu/123456789/*
  8. Copy the image from the 8GB disk to the FortiSIEM boot disk.
  9. Extract the zipped raw image and copy the image into SATA disk (32GB). For example, use the command:

    # unzip -c FSM_Full_All_RAW_HW-6.1.1.0112.zip

    # dd of=/dev/sdb status=progress

  10. Once this is completed, power off the FortiSIEM appliance using the following commands:
    shutdown –h now
  11. After shutdown, remove both USB drives from the FortiSIEM appliance.
  12. Power on FortiSIEM appliance.
  13. Reinstall FortiSIEM application (as in Factory Reset - step 2).