Fortinet Document Library

Table of Contents

Download PDF
Copy Link

Appliance Setup

Follow the steps below to setup FSM-2000F appliance.

All-in-one Installation

Follow these steps to install all of the FortiSIEM components at one time.

Step 1: Rack mount the FSM-2000F appliance

  1. Follow FortiSIEM 2000F QuickStart Guide here to mount FSM-2000F into the rack.
  2. Insert Hard Disks positions as shown below:

  3. Connect FSM-2000F to the network by connecting an Ethernet cable to Port0.

    tooltip icon

    Before proceeding to the next step, connecting Ethernet cable to Port0 is required for Network configuration.

Step 2: Power On the FSM-2000F appliance

  1. Make sure the FSM-2000F device is connected to a Power outlet and an Ethernet cable is connected to Port0.
  2. Power On the FSM-2000F device.
    tooltip icon FSM-2000F appliance does not have a default IP address. To connect to the GUI, an IP address must be configured using the GUI (Step 4).

Step 3: Verify System Information

  1. Connect to the FSM-2000F appliance using VGA port or Console port.
  2. Login as ‘root’ user with password ProspectHills. You will be required to change the password. Remember this password for future use. Once you change the password, you will be logged out. Login again with your new password.
  3. Run get to check the available FortiSIEM commands.
  4. Use these commands to check the hardware information. After running each command, ensure that there are no errors in the displayed output.

    Command Description
    get system status Displays system name, version and serial number.
    diagnose hardware info Displays system hardware information like CPUs, Memory and RAID information.
    diagnose interface detail port0 Displays interface status.

Step 4: Configure FortiSIEM via GUI

Follow these steps to configure FortiSIEM by using a simple GUI.

  1. Log in as user root with the password you set in Step 3 above.
  2. At the command prompt, go to /usr/local/bin and enter configFSM.sh, for example:

    # configFSM.sh

  3. In VM console, select 1 Set Timezone and then press Next.

  4. Select your Region, and press Next.

  5. Select your Country, and press Next.

  6. Select the Country and City for your timezone, and press Next.

  7. Select 1 Supervisor. Press Next.

    note icon

    Regardless of whether you select Supervisor or Worker, you will see the same series of screens.

  8. If you want to enable FIPS, then choose 2. Otherwise, choose 1. You have the option of enabling FIPS (option 3) or disabling FIPS (option 4) later.

  9. Configure the network by entering the following fields. Note the IP Address--you will need it in a later step. Press Next.

    Option Description
    Host Name The Supervisor's host name
    IPv4 Address The Supervisor's IPv4 address
    NetMask The Supervisor's subnet
    Gateway Network gateway address
    FQDN Fully-qualified domain name
    DNS1, DNS2 Addresses of the DNS servers

  10. Test network connectivity by connecting to a well-known public internet site, as shown in the following dialog box. Press Next.

  11. The final configuration confirmation is displayed. Verify that the parameters are correct. If they are not, then press Back to return to previous dialog boxes to correct any errors. If everything is OK, then press Run.

    The options are described in the following table.

    Option Description
    -r The FortiSIEM component being configured
    -z The time zone being configured
    -i IPv4-formatted address
    -m Address of the subnet mask
    -g Address of the gateway server used
    --host Host name
    -f FQDN address: fully-qualified domain name
    -t The IP type. The values can be either 4 (for ipv4) or 6 (for v6) Note: the 6 value is not currently supported.

    --dns1, --dns2

    Addresses of the DNS servers

    -o

    Installation option (install_without_fips, install_with_fips, enable_fips, disable_fips, change_ip, or migrate)

    -z Time zone. Possible values are US/Pacific, Asia/Shanghai, Europe/London, or Africa/Tunis

    --testpinghost

    The URL used to test connectivity

  12. It will take some time to complete the FortiSIEM installation. If the installation is successful, then the VM will reboot automatically. Otherwise, the VM will stop at the failed task.

    You can inspect the ansible.log file located at /usr/local/fresh-install/logs if you encounter any issues during FortiSIEM installation.

    After installation completes, ensure that the phMonitor is up and running, for example:

    # phstatus

    The response should be similar to the following:

 

Step 5: Generate FortiSIEM FSM-2000F License Key file from FortiCare

  1. Obtain the Hardware Serial Number from FSM-2000F appliance from FortiCare Support Services.
  2. Follow FortiSIEM Licensing Guide here to generate the license key file - remember to use ‘Hardware Serial Number’ for Hardware ID.

Step 6: Register FortiSIEM License

  1. Note the IP Address assigned to FortiSIEM VM in Step 4.
  2. Access FortiSIEM VM from browser (https://<FortiSIEM-IP>).
  3. Upload the license file obtained from Step 5 and select the License Type based on your deployment (note this choice can only be made once and is not reversible):
    • Enterprise for single organizations
    • Service Provider for multiple organizations
  4. Click Upload to complete the license registration.

Step 7: Accessing FortiSIEM UI

  1. Note the IP Address assigned to FortiSIEM VM in Step 5.
  2. Access FortiSIEM VM from browser (https://<FortiSIEM-IP>).
  3. Login to FortiSIEM using the default user name, password, and organization:
    • UserID: admin
    • Password: admin*1
    • Cust/OrgID: super (if shown)

Step 8: Choose an Event Database

For a fresh installation, you will be taken to the Event Database Storage page. You will be asked to choose between Local Disk, NFS or Elasticsearch options. For more details, see Configuring Storage.

Cluster Installation

For larger installations, you can choose Worker nodes and external storage (NFS or Elasticsearch).

Installing the Supervisor

Follow the steps in All-in-one Installation with two differences:

  • Setting up hardware - you do not need an event database.
  • Setting up an Event database - Configure the cluster for either NFS or Elasticsearch.

    NFS

    Elasticsearch

You must choose external storage listed in Step 8: Choose an Event Database.

Installing Workers

Once the Supervisor is installed, follow the same steps in All-in-one Installation to install a Worker except that you choose 2 Worker during Step 4: Configure FortiSIEM via GUI substep 7.

Registering Workers

Once the Worker is up and running, add the Worker to the Supervisor node.

  1. Go to ADMIN > License > Nodes.
  2. Select Worker from the drop-down list and enter the Worker's IP address. Click Add.

  3. See ADMIN > Health > Cloud Health to ensure that the Workers are up, healthy, and properly added to the system.

 

Factory Reset

Follow the steps below to perform factory reset on FortiSIEM FSM-2000F.

Step 1: Uninstall FortiSIEM application

  1. Connect FortiSIEM device using VGA or Console port.
  2. Login as root user with the new password you set in Step 3: Verify System Information.
  3. To check the available FortiSIEM commands, run sudo get.
  4. To uninstall FortiSIEM, run sudo execute fsm-clean.
    This script will uninstall FortiSIEM application.

Step 2: Reinstall FortiSIEM application

  1. Power on the hardware.
  2. Login as ‘root’ without password.
  3. To configure RAID, run execute format disk.
  4. To check Hardware status and RAID information, run diagnose hardware info.
  5. To install FortiSIEM, run execute factoryreset.
    This script takes 5 minutes to complete FortiSIEM installation.
  6. Reboot and run /user/lolcal/bin/configFSM.sh to install FortiSIEM.
Follow the steps under Appliance Setup to configure FSM-2000F.

Upgrading FortiSIEM

For upgrading FortiSIEM from 5.3.x to 6.1.0, refer to the section Upgrading a FortiSIEM Single Node Deployment in the Upgrade Guide.

Appliance Re-image

Follow these steps to re-image your FortiSIEM FSM-2000F appliance.

Prerequisites

Ensure that the following prerequisites are met before re-imaging FortiSIEM.

Hardware Software

Peripherals

  • USB Keyboard
  • USB Mouse
  • VGA Monitor

USB Thumbdrive

  • 4 GB Thumbdrive (for Linux installation)
  • 8 GB Thumbdrive (for FortiSIEM appliance image)

Follow the below steps to re-image FortiSIEM.

Step 1: Create Bootable Linux Image

  1. Connect 4GB USB drive to the system (desktop or laptop).
  2. Open Rufus.
  3. Select the following settings for the USB:
    1. Partition scheme and target system type: MBR partition scheme for BIOS or UEFI
    2. File system: FAT32
    3. Cluster size: 4096 bytes (Default)
    4. Quick Format: Enable
    5. Create a bootable disk using: ISO image
  4. Click on the 'CD-ROM' icon and select the Ubuntu Setup ISO.
  5. Click Start and allow Rufus to complete.
    Once finished, the disk is ready to boot.
  6. Note: Alternatively, you can use the Ubuntu guide for creating a USB drive with Ubuntu.

Step 2: Copy FortiSIEM Appliance image to USB

  1. Connect 8GB USB Drive to the system (desktop or laptop).
  2. Open Windows Explorer > right-click Drive > click Format.
  3. Select the following options:
    1. File system: NTFS
    2. Allocation unit size: 4096 bytes
    3. Quick Format: Enable
  4. Copy the image file to USB drive. For example:

    # FortiSIEM_Full_All_RAW_HW-6.1.0_build0112.zip

  5. Safely remove the USB drive from the desktop or laptop by unmounting it through the operating system.

Step 3: Prepare 2000F by removing FSM

  1. Connect to the console/SSH of the FortiSIEM appliance.
  2. Run the following command: execute fsm-clean
  3. After fsm-clean is complete, format RAID by executing the command: execute format disk
  4. Power-off the FortiSIEM appliance.

Step 4: Configure 2000F BIOS to Boot into USB Drive

  1. Connect the 4GB USB drive to the FortiSIEM appliance.
  2. Power on the FortiSIEM appliance.
  3. During the boot screen, press F11 to login to the boot options.
  4. Select the option to enter into the BIOS set up.
  5. Select the option for Boot options.
  6. Select the 'USB drive'.
  7. Save the options and quit set up.

Step 5: Re-image 2000F boot drive from USB Linux

  1. Power on FortiSIEM appliance.
  2. Once the FortiSIEM appliance loads from the USB drive, click Try Ubuntu.
  3. Connect the 8GB USB drive to the FortiSIEM appliance.
  4. Open a terminal.
  5. Type the following command to identify the FortiSIEM boot disk (29.5GiB): sudo fdisk –l.
    Note: This drive will be referred as /dev/sdb in the following steps.
  6. Enter into root while in the terminal using the following command:
    # sudo –s
  7. Determine the mount point of this drive by using the following command:
    # df –l
    Note: For this guide, the assumption for the 8GB mount point is: /media/ubuntu/123456789/*
  8. Copy the image from the 8GB disk to the FortiSIEM boot disk.
  9. Extract the raw image and copy the image into SATA disk (32GB). For example, use the command:

    # unzip FSM_Full_All_RAW_HW-6.1.0_build0112.zip

    # dd of=/dev/sdb status=progress

  10. Once this is completed, power off the FortiSIEM appliance using the following commands:
    shutdown –h now
  11. After shutdown, remove both USB drives from the FortiSIEM appliance.
  12. Power on the FortiSIEM appliance.
  13. Reinstall the FortiSIEM application (as in Factory Reset - step 2).

Appliance Setup

Follow the steps below to setup FSM-2000F appliance.

All-in-one Installation

Follow these steps to install all of the FortiSIEM components at one time.

Step 1: Rack mount the FSM-2000F appliance

  1. Follow FortiSIEM 2000F QuickStart Guide here to mount FSM-2000F into the rack.
  2. Insert Hard Disks positions as shown below:

  3. Connect FSM-2000F to the network by connecting an Ethernet cable to Port0.

    tooltip icon

    Before proceeding to the next step, connecting Ethernet cable to Port0 is required for Network configuration.

Step 2: Power On the FSM-2000F appliance

  1. Make sure the FSM-2000F device is connected to a Power outlet and an Ethernet cable is connected to Port0.
  2. Power On the FSM-2000F device.
    tooltip icon FSM-2000F appliance does not have a default IP address. To connect to the GUI, an IP address must be configured using the GUI (Step 4).

Step 3: Verify System Information

  1. Connect to the FSM-2000F appliance using VGA port or Console port.
  2. Login as ‘root’ user with password ProspectHills. You will be required to change the password. Remember this password for future use. Once you change the password, you will be logged out. Login again with your new password.
  3. Run get to check the available FortiSIEM commands.
  4. Use these commands to check the hardware information. After running each command, ensure that there are no errors in the displayed output.

    Command Description
    get system status Displays system name, version and serial number.
    diagnose hardware info Displays system hardware information like CPUs, Memory and RAID information.
    diagnose interface detail port0 Displays interface status.

Step 4: Configure FortiSIEM via GUI

Follow these steps to configure FortiSIEM by using a simple GUI.

  1. Log in as user root with the password you set in Step 3 above.
  2. At the command prompt, go to /usr/local/bin and enter configFSM.sh, for example:

    # configFSM.sh

  3. In VM console, select 1 Set Timezone and then press Next.

  4. Select your Region, and press Next.

  5. Select your Country, and press Next.

  6. Select the Country and City for your timezone, and press Next.

  7. Select 1 Supervisor. Press Next.

    note icon

    Regardless of whether you select Supervisor or Worker, you will see the same series of screens.

  8. If you want to enable FIPS, then choose 2. Otherwise, choose 1. You have the option of enabling FIPS (option 3) or disabling FIPS (option 4) later.

  9. Configure the network by entering the following fields. Note the IP Address--you will need it in a later step. Press Next.

    Option Description
    Host Name The Supervisor's host name
    IPv4 Address The Supervisor's IPv4 address
    NetMask The Supervisor's subnet
    Gateway Network gateway address
    FQDN Fully-qualified domain name
    DNS1, DNS2 Addresses of the DNS servers

  10. Test network connectivity by connecting to a well-known public internet site, as shown in the following dialog box. Press Next.

  11. The final configuration confirmation is displayed. Verify that the parameters are correct. If they are not, then press Back to return to previous dialog boxes to correct any errors. If everything is OK, then press Run.

    The options are described in the following table.

    Option Description
    -r The FortiSIEM component being configured
    -z The time zone being configured
    -i IPv4-formatted address
    -m Address of the subnet mask
    -g Address of the gateway server used
    --host Host name
    -f FQDN address: fully-qualified domain name
    -t The IP type. The values can be either 4 (for ipv4) or 6 (for v6) Note: the 6 value is not currently supported.

    --dns1, --dns2

    Addresses of the DNS servers

    -o

    Installation option (install_without_fips, install_with_fips, enable_fips, disable_fips, change_ip, or migrate)

    -z Time zone. Possible values are US/Pacific, Asia/Shanghai, Europe/London, or Africa/Tunis

    --testpinghost

    The URL used to test connectivity

  12. It will take some time to complete the FortiSIEM installation. If the installation is successful, then the VM will reboot automatically. Otherwise, the VM will stop at the failed task.

    You can inspect the ansible.log file located at /usr/local/fresh-install/logs if you encounter any issues during FortiSIEM installation.

    After installation completes, ensure that the phMonitor is up and running, for example:

    # phstatus

    The response should be similar to the following:

 

Step 5: Generate FortiSIEM FSM-2000F License Key file from FortiCare

  1. Obtain the Hardware Serial Number from FSM-2000F appliance from FortiCare Support Services.
  2. Follow FortiSIEM Licensing Guide here to generate the license key file - remember to use ‘Hardware Serial Number’ for Hardware ID.

Step 6: Register FortiSIEM License

  1. Note the IP Address assigned to FortiSIEM VM in Step 4.
  2. Access FortiSIEM VM from browser (https://<FortiSIEM-IP>).
  3. Upload the license file obtained from Step 5 and select the License Type based on your deployment (note this choice can only be made once and is not reversible):
    • Enterprise for single organizations
    • Service Provider for multiple organizations
  4. Click Upload to complete the license registration.

Step 7: Accessing FortiSIEM UI

  1. Note the IP Address assigned to FortiSIEM VM in Step 5.
  2. Access FortiSIEM VM from browser (https://<FortiSIEM-IP>).
  3. Login to FortiSIEM using the default user name, password, and organization:
    • UserID: admin
    • Password: admin*1
    • Cust/OrgID: super (if shown)

Step 8: Choose an Event Database

For a fresh installation, you will be taken to the Event Database Storage page. You will be asked to choose between Local Disk, NFS or Elasticsearch options. For more details, see Configuring Storage.

Cluster Installation

For larger installations, you can choose Worker nodes and external storage (NFS or Elasticsearch).

Installing the Supervisor

Follow the steps in All-in-one Installation with two differences:

  • Setting up hardware - you do not need an event database.
  • Setting up an Event database - Configure the cluster for either NFS or Elasticsearch.

    NFS

    Elasticsearch

You must choose external storage listed in Step 8: Choose an Event Database.

Installing Workers

Once the Supervisor is installed, follow the same steps in All-in-one Installation to install a Worker except that you choose 2 Worker during Step 4: Configure FortiSIEM via GUI substep 7.

Registering Workers

Once the Worker is up and running, add the Worker to the Supervisor node.

  1. Go to ADMIN > License > Nodes.
  2. Select Worker from the drop-down list and enter the Worker's IP address. Click Add.

  3. See ADMIN > Health > Cloud Health to ensure that the Workers are up, healthy, and properly added to the system.

 

Factory Reset

Follow the steps below to perform factory reset on FortiSIEM FSM-2000F.

Step 1: Uninstall FortiSIEM application

  1. Connect FortiSIEM device using VGA or Console port.
  2. Login as root user with the new password you set in Step 3: Verify System Information.
  3. To check the available FortiSIEM commands, run sudo get.
  4. To uninstall FortiSIEM, run sudo execute fsm-clean.
    This script will uninstall FortiSIEM application.

Step 2: Reinstall FortiSIEM application

  1. Power on the hardware.
  2. Login as ‘root’ without password.
  3. To configure RAID, run execute format disk.
  4. To check Hardware status and RAID information, run diagnose hardware info.
  5. To install FortiSIEM, run execute factoryreset.
    This script takes 5 minutes to complete FortiSIEM installation.
  6. Reboot and run /user/lolcal/bin/configFSM.sh to install FortiSIEM.
Follow the steps under Appliance Setup to configure FSM-2000F.

Upgrading FortiSIEM

For upgrading FortiSIEM from 5.3.x to 6.1.0, refer to the section Upgrading a FortiSIEM Single Node Deployment in the Upgrade Guide.

Appliance Re-image

Follow these steps to re-image your FortiSIEM FSM-2000F appliance.

Prerequisites

Ensure that the following prerequisites are met before re-imaging FortiSIEM.

Hardware Software

Peripherals

  • USB Keyboard
  • USB Mouse
  • VGA Monitor

USB Thumbdrive

  • 4 GB Thumbdrive (for Linux installation)
  • 8 GB Thumbdrive (for FortiSIEM appliance image)

Follow the below steps to re-image FortiSIEM.

Step 1: Create Bootable Linux Image

  1. Connect 4GB USB drive to the system (desktop or laptop).
  2. Open Rufus.
  3. Select the following settings for the USB:
    1. Partition scheme and target system type: MBR partition scheme for BIOS or UEFI
    2. File system: FAT32
    3. Cluster size: 4096 bytes (Default)
    4. Quick Format: Enable
    5. Create a bootable disk using: ISO image
  4. Click on the 'CD-ROM' icon and select the Ubuntu Setup ISO.
  5. Click Start and allow Rufus to complete.
    Once finished, the disk is ready to boot.
  6. Note: Alternatively, you can use the Ubuntu guide for creating a USB drive with Ubuntu.

Step 2: Copy FortiSIEM Appliance image to USB

  1. Connect 8GB USB Drive to the system (desktop or laptop).
  2. Open Windows Explorer > right-click Drive > click Format.
  3. Select the following options:
    1. File system: NTFS
    2. Allocation unit size: 4096 bytes
    3. Quick Format: Enable
  4. Copy the image file to USB drive. For example:

    # FortiSIEM_Full_All_RAW_HW-6.1.0_build0112.zip

  5. Safely remove the USB drive from the desktop or laptop by unmounting it through the operating system.

Step 3: Prepare 2000F by removing FSM

  1. Connect to the console/SSH of the FortiSIEM appliance.
  2. Run the following command: execute fsm-clean
  3. After fsm-clean is complete, format RAID by executing the command: execute format disk
  4. Power-off the FortiSIEM appliance.

Step 4: Configure 2000F BIOS to Boot into USB Drive

  1. Connect the 4GB USB drive to the FortiSIEM appliance.
  2. Power on the FortiSIEM appliance.
  3. During the boot screen, press F11 to login to the boot options.
  4. Select the option to enter into the BIOS set up.
  5. Select the option for Boot options.
  6. Select the 'USB drive'.
  7. Save the options and quit set up.

Step 5: Re-image 2000F boot drive from USB Linux

  1. Power on FortiSIEM appliance.
  2. Once the FortiSIEM appliance loads from the USB drive, click Try Ubuntu.
  3. Connect the 8GB USB drive to the FortiSIEM appliance.
  4. Open a terminal.
  5. Type the following command to identify the FortiSIEM boot disk (29.5GiB): sudo fdisk –l.
    Note: This drive will be referred as /dev/sdb in the following steps.
  6. Enter into root while in the terminal using the following command:
    # sudo –s
  7. Determine the mount point of this drive by using the following command:
    # df –l
    Note: For this guide, the assumption for the 8GB mount point is: /media/ubuntu/123456789/*
  8. Copy the image from the 8GB disk to the FortiSIEM boot disk.
  9. Extract the raw image and copy the image into SATA disk (32GB). For example, use the command:

    # unzip FSM_Full_All_RAW_HW-6.1.0_build0112.zip

    # dd of=/dev/sdb status=progress

  10. Once this is completed, power off the FortiSIEM appliance using the following commands:
    shutdown –h now
  11. After shutdown, remove both USB drives from the FortiSIEM appliance.
  12. Power on the FortiSIEM appliance.
  13. Reinstall the FortiSIEM application (as in Factory Reset - step 2).