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Appliance Setup

Follow the steps below to setup FSM-3500G appliance.

All-in-one Installation

Follow these steps to install all of the FortiSIEM components at one time.

Step 1: Rack mount the FSM-3500G appliance

  1. Follow FortiSIEM 3500G QuickStart Guide here to mount FSM-3500G into the rack.
  2. Insert Hard Disks positions as shown below:

  3. Connect FSM-3500G to the network by connecting an Ethernet cable to Port0.

    tooltip icon

    Before proceeding to the next step, connecting Ethernet cable to Port0 is required for Network configuration.

Step 2: Power On the FSM-3500G appliance

  1. Make sure the FSM-3500G device is connected to a Power outlet and an Ethernet cable is connected to Port0.
  2. Power On the FSM-3500G device.
    tooltip icon FSM-3500G appliance does not have a default IP address. To connect to the GUI, an IP address must be configured using the GUI (Step 4).

Step 3: Verify System Information

  1. Connect to the FSM-3500G appliance using VGA port or Console port.
  2. Login as ‘root’ user with password ProspectHills. You will be required to change the password. Remember this password for future use. Once you change the password, you will be logged out. Login again with your new password.
  3. Run get to check the available FortiSIEM commands.
  4. Use these commands to check the hardware information. After running each command, ensure that there are no errors in the displayed output.

    Command Description
    get system status Displays system name, version and serial number.
    diagnose hardware info Displays system hardware information like CPUs, Memory and RAID information.
    diagnose interface detail port0 Displays interface status (see the following table).

    The following table describes the port number mapping between the 3500G physical port number label and the FortiSIEM 6.1.2 interface port numbering.

    3500G Physical Port
    Number Label

    FSM 6.1.2 Interface
    Port Numbering

    port1

    port0

    port2

    port1

    port3

    port4

    port4

    port5

    port5

    port2

    port6

    port3

Step 4: Configure FortiSIEM via GUI

Follow these steps to configure FortiSIEM by using a simple GUI.

  1. Log in as user root with the password you set in Step 3 above.
  2. At the command prompt, go to /usr/local/bin and enter configFSM.sh, for example:

    # configFSM.sh

  3. In VM console, select 1 Set Timezone and then press Next.

  4. Select your Region, and press Next.

  5. Select your Country, and press Next.

  6. Select the Country and City for your timezone, and press Next.

  7. Select 1 Supervisor. Press Next.

    note icon

    Regardless of whether you select Supervisor or Worker, you will see the same series of screens.

  8. If you want to enable FIPS, then choose 2. Otherwise, choose 1. You have the option of enabling FIPS (option 3) or disabling FIPS (option 4) later.

  9. Configure the network by entering the following fields. Note the IP Address--you will need it in a later step. Press Next.

    Option Description
    Host Name The Supervisor's host name
    IPv4 Address The Supervisor's IPv4 address
    NetMask The Supervisor's subnet
    Gateway Network gateway address
    FQDN Fully-qualified domain name
    DNS1, DNS2 Addresses of the DNS servers

  10. Test network connectivity by entering a host name that can be resolved by your DNS Server (entered in the previous step) and responds to ping. The host can either be an internal host or a public domain host like google.com. In order for the migration to complete, the system still needs https connectivity to FortiSIEM OS update servers: os-pkgs-cdn.fortisiem.fortinet.com and os-pkgs-c8.fortisiem.fortinet.com. Press Next.

  11. The final configuration confirmation is displayed. Verify that the parameters are correct. If they are not, then press Back to return to previous dialog boxes to correct any errors. If everything is OK, then press Run.

    The options are described in the following table.

    Option Description
    -r The FortiSIEM component being configured
    -z The time zone being configured
    -i IPv4-formatted address
    -m Address of the subnet mask
    -g Address of the gateway server used
    --host Host name
    -f FQDN address: fully-qualified domain name
    -t The IP type. The values can be either 4 (for ipv4) or 6 (for v6) Note: the 6 value is not currently supported.

    --dns1, --dns2

    Addresses of the DNS servers

    -o

    Installation option (install_without_fips, install_with_fips, enable_fips, disable_fips, change_ip, or migrate)

    -z Time zone. Possible values are US/Pacific, Asia/Shanghai, Europe/London, or Africa/Tunis

    --testpinghost

    The host used to test connectivity

  12. It will take some time to complete the FortiSIEM installation. If the installation is successful, then the VM will reboot automatically. Otherwise, the VM will stop at the failed task.

    You can inspect the ansible.log file located at /usr/local/fresh-install/logs if you encounter any issues during FortiSIEM installation.

    After installation completes, ensure that the phMonitor is up and running, for example:

    # phstatus

    The response should be similar to the following:

 

Step 5: Generate FortiSIEM FSM-3500G License Key file from FortiCare

  1. Obtain the Hardware Serial Number from FSM-3500G appliance from FortiCare Support Services.
  2. Follow FortiSIEM Licensing Guide here to generate the license key file - remember to use ‘Hardware Serial Number’ for Hardware ID.

Step 6: Register FortiSIEM License

  1. Note the IP Address assigned to FortiSIEM VM in Step 4.
  2. Access FortiSIEM VM from browser (https://<FortiSIEM-IP>).
  3. Upload the license file obtained from Step 5 and select the License Type based on your deployment (note this choice can only be made once and is not reversible):
    • Enterprise for single organizations
    • Service Provider for multiple organizations
  4. Click Upload to complete the license registration.

Step 7: Accessing FortiSIEM UI

  1. Note the IP Address assigned to FortiSIEM VM in Step 5.
  2. Access FortiSIEM VM from browser (https://<FortiSIEM-IP>).
  3. Login to FortiSIEM using the default user name, password, and organization:
    • UserID: admin
    • Password: admin*1
    • Cust/OrgID: super (if shown)

Step 8: Choose an Event Database

For a fresh installation, you will be taken to the Event Database Storage page. You will be asked to choose between Local Disk, NFS or Elasticsearch options. For more details, see Configuring Storage.

Cluster Installation

For larger installations, you can choose Worker nodes and external storage (NFS or Elasticsearch).

Installing the Supervisor

Follow the steps in All-in-one Installation with two differences:

  • Setting up hardware - you do not need an event database.
  • Setting up an Event database - Configure the cluster for either NFS or Elasticsearch.

    NFS

    Elasticsearch

You must choose external storage listed in Step 8: Choose an Event Database.

Installing Workers

Once the Supervisor is installed, follow the same steps in All-in-one Installation to install a Worker except that you choose 2 Worker during Step 4: Configure FortiSIEM via GUI substep 7.

Registering Workers

Once the Worker is up and running, add the Worker to the Supervisor node.

  1. Go to ADMIN > License > Nodes.
  2. Select Worker from the drop-down list and enter the Worker's IP address. Click Add.

  3. See ADMIN > Health > Cloud Health to ensure that the Workers are up, healthy, and properly added to the system.

Installing Collectors

Once Supervisor and Workers are installed, follow the same steps in All-in-one Install to install a Collector except only choose OS and OPT disks. The recommended settings for Collector node are:

  • CPU = 4
  • Memory = 8GB
  • Two hard disks:
    • OS – 25GB
    • OPT – 100GB

Registering Collectors

Collectors can be deployed in Enterprise or Service Provider environments.

Enterprise Deployments

For Enterprise deployments, follow these steps.

  1. Log in to Supervisor with 'Admin' privileges.
  2. Go to ADMIN > Settings > System > Event Worker.
    1. Enter the IP of the Worker node. If a Supervisor node is only used, then enter the IP of the Supervisor node. Multiple IP addresses can be entered on separate lines. In this case, the Collectors will load balance the upload of events to the listed Event Workers.
      Note: Rather than using IP addresses, a DNS name is recommended. The reasoning is, should the IP addressing change, it becomes a matter of updating the DNS rather than modifying the Event Worker IP addresses in FortiSIEM.
    2. Click OK.
  3. Go to ADMIN > Setup > Collectors and add a Collector by entering:
    1. Name – Collector Name
    2. Guaranteed EPS – this is the EPS that Collector will always be able to send. It could send more if there is excess EPS available.
    3. Start Time and End Time – set to Unlimited.
  4. SSH to the Collector and run following script to register Collectors:

    # /opt/phoenix/bin/phProvisionCollector --add <user> '<password>' <Super IP or Host> <Organization> <CollectorName>

    The password should be enclosed in single quotes to ensure that any non-alphanumeric characters are escaped.

    1. Set user and password use the admin User Name and password for the Supervisor
    2. Set Super IP or Host as the Supervisor's IP address.
    3. Set Organization. For Enterprise deployments, the default name is Super.
    4. Set CollectorName from Step 2a.

      The Collector will reboot during the Registration.

  5. Go to ADMIN > Health > Collector Health for the status.

Service Provider Deployments

For Service Provider deployments, follow these steps.

  1. Log in to Supervisor with 'Admin' privileges.
  2. Go to ADMIN > Settings > System > Event Worker.
    1. Enter the IP of the Worker node. If a Supervisor node is only used, then enter the IP of the Supervisor node. Multiple IP addresses can be entered on separate lines. In this case, the Collectors will load balance the upload of events to the listed Event Workers.
      Note: Rather than using IP addresses, a DNS name is recommended. The reasoning is, should the IP addressing change, it becomes a matter of updating the DNS rather than modifying the Event Worker IP addresses in FortiSIEM.
    2. Click OK.

  3. Go to ADMIN > Setup > Organizations and click New to add an Organization.

  4. Enter the Organization Name, Admin User, Admin Password, and Admin Email.
  5. Under Collectors, click New.
  6. Enter the Collector Name, Guaranteed EPS, Start Time, and End Time.

    The last two values could be set as Unlimited. Guaranteed EPS is the EPS that the Collector will always be able to send. It could send more if there is excess EPS available.

  7. SSH to the Collector and run following script to register Collectors:

    # /opt/phoenix/bin/phProvisionCollector --add <user> '<password>' <Super IP or Host> <Organization> <CollectorName>

    The password should be enclosed in single quotes to ensure that any non-alphanumeric characters are escaped.

    1. Set user and password use the admin User Name and password for the Supervisor.
    2. Set Super IP or Host as the Supervisor's IP address.
    3. Set Organization as the name of an organization created on the Super.
    4. Set CollectorName from Step 6.

      The Collector will reboot during the Registration.

  8. Go to ADMIN > Health > Collector Health and check the status.

 

Factory Reset

Follow the steps below to perform factory reset on FortiSIEM FSM-3500G.

Step 1: Uninstall FortiSIEM application

  1. Connect FortiSIEM device using VGA or Console port.
  2. Login as root user with the new password you set in Step 3: Verify System Information.
  3. To check the available FortiSIEM commands, run sudo get.
  4. To uninstall FortiSIEM, run sudo execute fsm-clean.
    This script will uninstall FortiSIEM application.
  5. Reboot the system.

Step 2: Reinstall FortiSIEM application

  1. Login as root with password ProspectHills. You will immediately be asked to change your password.
  2. To configure RAID, run execute format disk.
  3. To check Hardware status and RAID information, run diagnose hardware info.
  4. To install FortiSIEM, run execute factoryreset --force. The command fails after partial steps.
  5. Run the same command again, execute factoryreset --force, to complete factory reset.
  6. Run execute fsm-load. This script takes a few minutes to complete FortiSIEM installation.
  7. Reboot and run /user/local/bin/configFSM.sh to install FortiSIEM.

Follow the steps under Appliance Setup to configure FSM-3500G.

Appliance Setup

Follow the steps below to setup FSM-3500G appliance.

All-in-one Installation

Follow these steps to install all of the FortiSIEM components at one time.

Step 1: Rack mount the FSM-3500G appliance

  1. Follow FortiSIEM 3500G QuickStart Guide here to mount FSM-3500G into the rack.
  2. Insert Hard Disks positions as shown below:

  3. Connect FSM-3500G to the network by connecting an Ethernet cable to Port0.

    tooltip icon

    Before proceeding to the next step, connecting Ethernet cable to Port0 is required for Network configuration.

Step 2: Power On the FSM-3500G appliance

  1. Make sure the FSM-3500G device is connected to a Power outlet and an Ethernet cable is connected to Port0.
  2. Power On the FSM-3500G device.
    tooltip icon FSM-3500G appliance does not have a default IP address. To connect to the GUI, an IP address must be configured using the GUI (Step 4).

Step 3: Verify System Information

  1. Connect to the FSM-3500G appliance using VGA port or Console port.
  2. Login as ‘root’ user with password ProspectHills. You will be required to change the password. Remember this password for future use. Once you change the password, you will be logged out. Login again with your new password.
  3. Run get to check the available FortiSIEM commands.
  4. Use these commands to check the hardware information. After running each command, ensure that there are no errors in the displayed output.

    Command Description
    get system status Displays system name, version and serial number.
    diagnose hardware info Displays system hardware information like CPUs, Memory and RAID information.
    diagnose interface detail port0 Displays interface status (see the following table).

    The following table describes the port number mapping between the 3500G physical port number label and the FortiSIEM 6.1.2 interface port numbering.

    3500G Physical Port
    Number Label

    FSM 6.1.2 Interface
    Port Numbering

    port1

    port0

    port2

    port1

    port3

    port4

    port4

    port5

    port5

    port2

    port6

    port3

Step 4: Configure FortiSIEM via GUI

Follow these steps to configure FortiSIEM by using a simple GUI.

  1. Log in as user root with the password you set in Step 3 above.
  2. At the command prompt, go to /usr/local/bin and enter configFSM.sh, for example:

    # configFSM.sh

  3. In VM console, select 1 Set Timezone and then press Next.

  4. Select your Region, and press Next.

  5. Select your Country, and press Next.

  6. Select the Country and City for your timezone, and press Next.

  7. Select 1 Supervisor. Press Next.

    note icon

    Regardless of whether you select Supervisor or Worker, you will see the same series of screens.

  8. If you want to enable FIPS, then choose 2. Otherwise, choose 1. You have the option of enabling FIPS (option 3) or disabling FIPS (option 4) later.

  9. Configure the network by entering the following fields. Note the IP Address--you will need it in a later step. Press Next.

    Option Description
    Host Name The Supervisor's host name
    IPv4 Address The Supervisor's IPv4 address
    NetMask The Supervisor's subnet
    Gateway Network gateway address
    FQDN Fully-qualified domain name
    DNS1, DNS2 Addresses of the DNS servers

  10. Test network connectivity by entering a host name that can be resolved by your DNS Server (entered in the previous step) and responds to ping. The host can either be an internal host or a public domain host like google.com. In order for the migration to complete, the system still needs https connectivity to FortiSIEM OS update servers: os-pkgs-cdn.fortisiem.fortinet.com and os-pkgs-c8.fortisiem.fortinet.com. Press Next.

  11. The final configuration confirmation is displayed. Verify that the parameters are correct. If they are not, then press Back to return to previous dialog boxes to correct any errors. If everything is OK, then press Run.

    The options are described in the following table.

    Option Description
    -r The FortiSIEM component being configured
    -z The time zone being configured
    -i IPv4-formatted address
    -m Address of the subnet mask
    -g Address of the gateway server used
    --host Host name
    -f FQDN address: fully-qualified domain name
    -t The IP type. The values can be either 4 (for ipv4) or 6 (for v6) Note: the 6 value is not currently supported.

    --dns1, --dns2

    Addresses of the DNS servers

    -o

    Installation option (install_without_fips, install_with_fips, enable_fips, disable_fips, change_ip, or migrate)

    -z Time zone. Possible values are US/Pacific, Asia/Shanghai, Europe/London, or Africa/Tunis

    --testpinghost

    The host used to test connectivity

  12. It will take some time to complete the FortiSIEM installation. If the installation is successful, then the VM will reboot automatically. Otherwise, the VM will stop at the failed task.

    You can inspect the ansible.log file located at /usr/local/fresh-install/logs if you encounter any issues during FortiSIEM installation.

    After installation completes, ensure that the phMonitor is up and running, for example:

    # phstatus

    The response should be similar to the following:

 

Step 5: Generate FortiSIEM FSM-3500G License Key file from FortiCare

  1. Obtain the Hardware Serial Number from FSM-3500G appliance from FortiCare Support Services.
  2. Follow FortiSIEM Licensing Guide here to generate the license key file - remember to use ‘Hardware Serial Number’ for Hardware ID.

Step 6: Register FortiSIEM License

  1. Note the IP Address assigned to FortiSIEM VM in Step 4.
  2. Access FortiSIEM VM from browser (https://<FortiSIEM-IP>).
  3. Upload the license file obtained from Step 5 and select the License Type based on your deployment (note this choice can only be made once and is not reversible):
    • Enterprise for single organizations
    • Service Provider for multiple organizations
  4. Click Upload to complete the license registration.

Step 7: Accessing FortiSIEM UI

  1. Note the IP Address assigned to FortiSIEM VM in Step 5.
  2. Access FortiSIEM VM from browser (https://<FortiSIEM-IP>).
  3. Login to FortiSIEM using the default user name, password, and organization:
    • UserID: admin
    • Password: admin*1
    • Cust/OrgID: super (if shown)

Step 8: Choose an Event Database

For a fresh installation, you will be taken to the Event Database Storage page. You will be asked to choose between Local Disk, NFS or Elasticsearch options. For more details, see Configuring Storage.

Cluster Installation

For larger installations, you can choose Worker nodes and external storage (NFS or Elasticsearch).

Installing the Supervisor

Follow the steps in All-in-one Installation with two differences:

  • Setting up hardware - you do not need an event database.
  • Setting up an Event database - Configure the cluster for either NFS or Elasticsearch.

    NFS

    Elasticsearch

You must choose external storage listed in Step 8: Choose an Event Database.

Installing Workers

Once the Supervisor is installed, follow the same steps in All-in-one Installation to install a Worker except that you choose 2 Worker during Step 4: Configure FortiSIEM via GUI substep 7.

Registering Workers

Once the Worker is up and running, add the Worker to the Supervisor node.

  1. Go to ADMIN > License > Nodes.
  2. Select Worker from the drop-down list and enter the Worker's IP address. Click Add.

  3. See ADMIN > Health > Cloud Health to ensure that the Workers are up, healthy, and properly added to the system.

Installing Collectors

Once Supervisor and Workers are installed, follow the same steps in All-in-one Install to install a Collector except only choose OS and OPT disks. The recommended settings for Collector node are:

  • CPU = 4
  • Memory = 8GB
  • Two hard disks:
    • OS – 25GB
    • OPT – 100GB

Registering Collectors

Collectors can be deployed in Enterprise or Service Provider environments.

Enterprise Deployments

For Enterprise deployments, follow these steps.

  1. Log in to Supervisor with 'Admin' privileges.
  2. Go to ADMIN > Settings > System > Event Worker.
    1. Enter the IP of the Worker node. If a Supervisor node is only used, then enter the IP of the Supervisor node. Multiple IP addresses can be entered on separate lines. In this case, the Collectors will load balance the upload of events to the listed Event Workers.
      Note: Rather than using IP addresses, a DNS name is recommended. The reasoning is, should the IP addressing change, it becomes a matter of updating the DNS rather than modifying the Event Worker IP addresses in FortiSIEM.
    2. Click OK.
  3. Go to ADMIN > Setup > Collectors and add a Collector by entering:
    1. Name – Collector Name
    2. Guaranteed EPS – this is the EPS that Collector will always be able to send. It could send more if there is excess EPS available.
    3. Start Time and End Time – set to Unlimited.
  4. SSH to the Collector and run following script to register Collectors:

    # /opt/phoenix/bin/phProvisionCollector --add <user> '<password>' <Super IP or Host> <Organization> <CollectorName>

    The password should be enclosed in single quotes to ensure that any non-alphanumeric characters are escaped.

    1. Set user and password use the admin User Name and password for the Supervisor
    2. Set Super IP or Host as the Supervisor's IP address.
    3. Set Organization. For Enterprise deployments, the default name is Super.
    4. Set CollectorName from Step 2a.

      The Collector will reboot during the Registration.

  5. Go to ADMIN > Health > Collector Health for the status.

Service Provider Deployments

For Service Provider deployments, follow these steps.

  1. Log in to Supervisor with 'Admin' privileges.
  2. Go to ADMIN > Settings > System > Event Worker.
    1. Enter the IP of the Worker node. If a Supervisor node is only used, then enter the IP of the Supervisor node. Multiple IP addresses can be entered on separate lines. In this case, the Collectors will load balance the upload of events to the listed Event Workers.
      Note: Rather than using IP addresses, a DNS name is recommended. The reasoning is, should the IP addressing change, it becomes a matter of updating the DNS rather than modifying the Event Worker IP addresses in FortiSIEM.
    2. Click OK.

  3. Go to ADMIN > Setup > Organizations and click New to add an Organization.

  4. Enter the Organization Name, Admin User, Admin Password, and Admin Email.
  5. Under Collectors, click New.
  6. Enter the Collector Name, Guaranteed EPS, Start Time, and End Time.

    The last two values could be set as Unlimited. Guaranteed EPS is the EPS that the Collector will always be able to send. It could send more if there is excess EPS available.

  7. SSH to the Collector and run following script to register Collectors:

    # /opt/phoenix/bin/phProvisionCollector --add <user> '<password>' <Super IP or Host> <Organization> <CollectorName>

    The password should be enclosed in single quotes to ensure that any non-alphanumeric characters are escaped.

    1. Set user and password use the admin User Name and password for the Supervisor.
    2. Set Super IP or Host as the Supervisor's IP address.
    3. Set Organization as the name of an organization created on the Super.
    4. Set CollectorName from Step 6.

      The Collector will reboot during the Registration.

  8. Go to ADMIN > Health > Collector Health and check the status.

 

Factory Reset

Follow the steps below to perform factory reset on FortiSIEM FSM-3500G.

Step 1: Uninstall FortiSIEM application

  1. Connect FortiSIEM device using VGA or Console port.
  2. Login as root user with the new password you set in Step 3: Verify System Information.
  3. To check the available FortiSIEM commands, run sudo get.
  4. To uninstall FortiSIEM, run sudo execute fsm-clean.
    This script will uninstall FortiSIEM application.
  5. Reboot the system.

Step 2: Reinstall FortiSIEM application

  1. Login as root with password ProspectHills. You will immediately be asked to change your password.
  2. To configure RAID, run execute format disk.
  3. To check Hardware status and RAID information, run diagnose hardware info.
  4. To install FortiSIEM, run execute factoryreset --force. The command fails after partial steps.
  5. Run the same command again, execute factoryreset --force, to complete factory reset.
  6. Run execute fsm-load. This script takes a few minutes to complete FortiSIEM installation.
  7. Reboot and run /user/local/bin/configFSM.sh to install FortiSIEM.

Follow the steps under Appliance Setup to configure FSM-3500G.