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6.1.0
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Fresh Installation

Pre-Installation Checklist

Before you begin, check the following:

  • Ensure that your system can connect to the internet
  • Deployment type – Enterprise or Service Provider. The Service Provider deployment provides multi-tenancy.
  • Whether FIPS should be enabled
  • Install type:
    • All-in-one with Supervisor only, or
    • Cluster with Supervisor and Workers
  • Storage type
    • Online – Local or NFS or Elasticsearch
    • Archive – NFS or HDFS
  • Before beginning FortiSIEM deployment, you must configure external storage
  • Determine hardware requirements:
Node vCPU RAM Local Disks
Supervisor (All in one) Minimum – 16
Recommended - 32

Minimum

  • without UEBA – 24GB
  • with UEBA - 64GB

Recommended

  • without UEBA – 32GB
  • with UEBA - 64GB

OS – 25GB

OPT – 100GB

CMDB – 60GB

SVN – 60GB

Local Event database – based on need

Supervisor (Cluster) Minimum – 16
Recommended - 32

Minimum

  • without UEBA – 24GB
  • with UEBA - 64GB

Recommended

  • without UEBA – 32GB
  • with UEBA - 64GB

OS – 25GB

OPT – 100GB

CMDB – 60GB

SVN – 60GB

 

Workers Minimum – 8
Recommended - 8

Minimum – 16GB

Recommended – 24GB

OS – 25GB

OPT – 100GB

Collector Minimum – 4
Recommended – 8 ( based on load)

Minimum – 4GB

Recommended – 8GB

OS – 25GB

OPT – 100GB

Note: compared to FortiSIEM 5.x, you need one more disk (OPT) which provides a cache for FortiSIEM.

Before proceeding to FortiSIEM deployment, you must configure the external storage.

  • For NFS deployment, see FortiSIEM - NFS Storage Guide here.
  • For Elasticsearch deployment, see FortiSIEM - Elasticsearch Storage Guide here.

All-in-one Installation

This is the simplest installation with a single Virtual Appliance. If storage is external, then you must configure external storage before proceeding with installation.

Download Compressed FortiSIEM VHDX File

  1. Go to the Fortinet Support website https://support.fortinet.com to download the Hyper-V package FSM_Full_All_HYPERV_6.1.0_build0112.zip. See Downloading FortiSIEM Products for more information on downloading products from the support website.
  2. Download and uncompress the all-in-one package used for Super/Worker and Collector (using 7-Zip tool) to the location where you want to install the image.

Create FortiSIEM VM in Hyper-V

  1. Launch Hyper-V Manager on your Microsoft Windows 2012 R2, 2016 or 2019 Server with Hyper-V installed.
  2. Click Action > New > Virtual Machine, then Click Next.

     

  3. In the Before You Begin screen, click Next.

  4. Specify the Name of the Virtual Machine, for example:

  5. Specify the Generation type (choose Generation 1), for example:

  6. Add the amount of memory as per hardware requirements, then click Next.

  7. Configure Networking and select the virtual switch in your Hyper-V environment. Click Next.

  8. In Connect Virtual Hard Disk, select Use an existing hard disk, and choose the FortiSIEM VHDX you downloaded earlier, click Next:

  9. In Completing the New Virtual Machine Wizard, click Finish, for example:

  10. In Hyper-V Manager, select the virtual machine that you just created and click Settings, for example:

  11. In Settings, select the Processor line in the navigation panel. Increase the number of virtual processors to 16.

  12. Navigate to IDE Controller 0, click on Hard Drive, then click Add, for example:

  13. Select the Hard Drive you just created, Click New.

  14. Click Next on the Before You Begin screen. You will add new hard disks using this method. The following is the list of disks you will need to add:

    Disk Size Disk Name
    Hard Disk 2 100GB /opt
    Hard Disk 3 60GB /cmdb
    Hard Disk 4 60GB /svn
    Hard Disk 5 60GB+ /data (see the following note)

    Note on Hard Disk 5:

    • Add a 5th disk if using local storage in an All In One deployment. Otherwise, a separate NFS share or Elasticsearch cluster must be used for event storage.
    • 60GB is the minimum event DB disk size for small deployments, provision significantly more event storage for higher EPS deployments. See the FortiSIEM Sizing Guide for additional information.

  15. Choose a disk format (VHDX) and click Next.

  16. Choose Disk Type (Dynamically expanding) and click Next.

  17. Specify the Name and Location of the disk. Click Next.

  18. Specify 100GB as the size of the disk (for /opt). For other disks, specify size accordingly. Click Next.

  19. Click Finish.

  20. Similarly, add a 60GB CMDB disk, a 60GB SVN disk to IDE Controller 1. Delete the CD Drive that was added by default. If you need to use local data disk, then add a Hard Disk on the SCSI Controller of the appropriate size. Once all this is done, click OK.

 

Start FortiSIEM from Hyper-V Manager

  1. In Hyper-V Manager, select the Supervisor, Worker, or Collector virtual machine.
  2. Click Connect.

  3. Click the Power On Icon as illustrated.

  4. The system will boot up. When the command prompt window opens, log in with the default login credentials: User root and Password ProspectHills.
  5. You will be required to change the password. Remember this password for future use.

At this point, you can continue configuring FortiSIEM by using the GUI.

Configure FortiSIEM via GUI

Follow these steps to configure FortiSIEM by using a simple GUI.

  1. Log in as user root with the password you set in Step 6 above.
  2. At the command prompt, go to /usr/local/bin and enter configFSM.sh, for example:

    # configFSM.sh

  3. In VM console, select 1 Set Timezone and then press Next.

  4. Select your Region, and press Next.

  5. Select your Country, and press Next.

  6. Select the Country and City for your timezone, and press Next.

  7. Select 1 Supervisor. Press Next.

    note icon

    Regardless of whether you select Supervisor, Worker, or Collector, you will see the same series of screens.

  8. If you want to enable FIPS, then choose 2. Otherwise, choose 1. You have the option of enabling FIPS (option 3) or disabling FIPS (option 4) later.

  9. Configure the network by entering the following fields. Press Next.

    Option Description
    Host Name The Supervisor's host name
    IPv4 Address The Supervisor's IPv4 address
    NetMask The Supervisor's subnet
    Gateway Network gateway address
    FQDN Fully-qualified domain name
    DNS1, DNS2 Addresses of the DNS servers

  10. Test network connectivity by connecting to a well-known public internet site, as shown in the following dialog box. Press Next.

  11. The final configuration confirmation is displayed. Verify that the parameters are correct. If they are not, then press Back to return to previous dialog boxes to correct any errors. If everything is OK, then press Run.

    The options are described in the following table.

    Option Description
    -r The FortiSIEM component being configured
    -z The time zone being configured
    -i IPv4-formatted address
    -m Address of the subnet mask
    -g Address of the gateway server used
    --host Host name
    -f FQDN address: fully-qualified domain name
    -t The IP type. The values can be either 4 (for ipv4) or 6 (for v6) Note: the 6 value is not currently supported.

    --dns1, --dns2

    Addresses of the DNS servers

    -o

    Installation option (install_without_fips, install_with_fips, enable_fips, disable_fips, change_ip, or migrate_6_1_0.)

    -z Time zone. Possible values are US/Pacific, Asia/Shanghai, Europe/London, or Africa/Tunis

    --testpinghost

    The URL used to test connectivity

  12. It will take some time to complete the FortiSIEM installation. If the installation is successful, then the VM will reboot automatically. Otherwise, the VM will stop at the failed task.

    You can inspect the ansible.log file located at /usr/local/fresh-install/logs if you encounter any issues during FortiSIEM installation.

    After installation completes, ensure that the phMonitor is up and running, for example:

    # phstatus

    The response should be similar to the following:

Upload the FortiSIEM License

note icon

Before proceeding, make sure that you have obtained valid FortiSIEM license from Forticare. For more information, see the Licensing Guide.

You will now be asked to input a license.

  1. Open a Web browser and log in to the FortiSIEM UI.
  2. The License Upload dialog box will open.

  3. Click Browse and upload the license file.

    Make sure that the Hardware ID shown in the License Upload page matches the license.

  4. For User ID and Password, choose any Full Admin credentials.

    For the first time installation, enter admin as the user and admin*1 as the password. You will then be asked to create a new password for GUI access.

  5. Choose License type as Enterprise or Service Provider.

    This option is available only for a first time installation. Once the database is configured, this option will not be available.

Choose an Event Database

For a fresh installation, you will be taken to the Event Database Storage page. You will be asked to choose between Local Disk, NFS or Elasticsearch options. For more details, see Configuring Storage.

Cluster Installation

For larger installations, you can choose Worker nodes, Collector nodes, and external storage (NFS or Elasticsearch).

Install Supervisor

Follow the steps in All-in-one Install with two differences:

  • Setting up hardware - you do not need an event database.
  • Setting up an Event database - Configure the cluster for either NFS or Elasticsearch.

    NFS

    Elasticsearch

You must choose external storage listed in Choose an Event Database.

Install Workers

Once the Supervisor is installed, follow the same steps in All-in-one Install to install a Worker except you need to only choose OS and OPT disks. The recommended settings for Worker node are:

  • CPU = 8
  • Memory = 24 GB
  • Two hard disks:
    • OS – 25GB
    • OPT – 100GB

Register Workers

Once the Worker is up and running, add the Worker to the Supervisor node.

  1. Go to ADMIN > License > Nodes.
  2. Select Worker from the drop-down list and enter the Worker's IP address. Click Add.

  3. See ADMIN > Health > Cloud Health to ensure that the Workers are up, healthy, and properly added to the system.

Install Collectors

Once Supervisor and Workers are installed, follow the same steps in All-in-one Install to install a Collector except in Edit FortiSIEM Hardware Settings, you need to only choose OS and OPT disks. The recommended settings for Collector node are:

  • CPU = 4
  • Memory = 8GB
  • Two hard disks:
    • OS – 25GB
    • OPT – 100GB

Register Collectors

Collectors can be deployed in Enterprise or Service Provider environments.

Enterprise Deployments

For Enterprise deployments, follow these steps.

  1. Log in to Supervisor with 'Admin' privileges.
  2. Go to ADMIN > Setup > Collectors and add a Collector by entering:
    1. Name – Collector Name
    2. Guaranteed EPS – this is the EPS that Collector will always be able to send. It could send more if there is excess EPS available.
    3. Start Time and End Time – set to Unlimited.
  3. SSH to the Collector and run following script to register Collectors:

    phProvisionCollector --add <user> <password> <Super IP or Host> <Organization> <CollectorName>

    1. Set user and password use the admin User Name and password for the Supervisor
    2. Set Super IP or Host as the Supervisor's IP address.
    3. Set Organization. For Enterprise deployments, the default name is Super.
    4. Set CollectorName from Step 2a.

      The Collector will reboot during the Registration.

  4. Go to ADMIN > Health > Collector Health for the status.

Service Provider Deployments

For Service Provider deployments, follow these steps.

  1. Log in to Supervisor with 'Admin' privileges.
  2. Go to ADMIN > Settings > System > Event Worker and enter the IP of the Worker node. Click OK.

  3. Go to ADMIN > Setup > Organizations and click New to add an Organization.

  4. Enter the Organization Name, Admin User, Admin Password, and Admin Email.
  5. Under Collectors, click New.
  6. Enter the Collector Name, Guaranteed EPS, Start Time, and End Time.

    The last two values could be set as Unlimited. Guaranteed EPS is the EPS that the Collector will always be able to send. It could send more if there is excess EPS available.

  7. SSH to the Collector and run following script to register Collectors:

    phProvisionCollector --add <user> <password> <Super IP or Host> <Organization> <CollectorName>

    1. Set user and password use the admin User Name and password for the Supervisor.
    2. Set Super IP or Host as the Supervisor's IP address.
    3. Set Organization as the name of an organization created on the Super.
    4. Set CollectorName from Step 6.

      The Collector will reboot during the Registration.

  8. Go to ADMIN > Health > Collector Health and check the status.

 

Fresh Installation

Pre-Installation Checklist

Before you begin, check the following:

  • Ensure that your system can connect to the internet
  • Deployment type – Enterprise or Service Provider. The Service Provider deployment provides multi-tenancy.
  • Whether FIPS should be enabled
  • Install type:
    • All-in-one with Supervisor only, or
    • Cluster with Supervisor and Workers
  • Storage type
    • Online – Local or NFS or Elasticsearch
    • Archive – NFS or HDFS
  • Before beginning FortiSIEM deployment, you must configure external storage
  • Determine hardware requirements:
Node vCPU RAM Local Disks
Supervisor (All in one) Minimum – 16
Recommended - 32

Minimum

  • without UEBA – 24GB
  • with UEBA - 64GB

Recommended

  • without UEBA – 32GB
  • with UEBA - 64GB

OS – 25GB

OPT – 100GB

CMDB – 60GB

SVN – 60GB

Local Event database – based on need

Supervisor (Cluster) Minimum – 16
Recommended - 32

Minimum

  • without UEBA – 24GB
  • with UEBA - 64GB

Recommended

  • without UEBA – 32GB
  • with UEBA - 64GB

OS – 25GB

OPT – 100GB

CMDB – 60GB

SVN – 60GB

 

Workers Minimum – 8
Recommended - 8

Minimum – 16GB

Recommended – 24GB

OS – 25GB

OPT – 100GB

Collector Minimum – 4
Recommended – 8 ( based on load)

Minimum – 4GB

Recommended – 8GB

OS – 25GB

OPT – 100GB

Note: compared to FortiSIEM 5.x, you need one more disk (OPT) which provides a cache for FortiSIEM.

Before proceeding to FortiSIEM deployment, you must configure the external storage.

  • For NFS deployment, see FortiSIEM - NFS Storage Guide here.
  • For Elasticsearch deployment, see FortiSIEM - Elasticsearch Storage Guide here.

All-in-one Installation

This is the simplest installation with a single Virtual Appliance. If storage is external, then you must configure external storage before proceeding with installation.

Download Compressed FortiSIEM VHDX File

  1. Go to the Fortinet Support website https://support.fortinet.com to download the Hyper-V package FSM_Full_All_HYPERV_6.1.0_build0112.zip. See Downloading FortiSIEM Products for more information on downloading products from the support website.
  2. Download and uncompress the all-in-one package used for Super/Worker and Collector (using 7-Zip tool) to the location where you want to install the image.

Create FortiSIEM VM in Hyper-V

  1. Launch Hyper-V Manager on your Microsoft Windows 2012 R2, 2016 or 2019 Server with Hyper-V installed.
  2. Click Action > New > Virtual Machine, then Click Next.

     

  3. In the Before You Begin screen, click Next.

  4. Specify the Name of the Virtual Machine, for example:

  5. Specify the Generation type (choose Generation 1), for example:

  6. Add the amount of memory as per hardware requirements, then click Next.

  7. Configure Networking and select the virtual switch in your Hyper-V environment. Click Next.

  8. In Connect Virtual Hard Disk, select Use an existing hard disk, and choose the FortiSIEM VHDX you downloaded earlier, click Next:

  9. In Completing the New Virtual Machine Wizard, click Finish, for example:

  10. In Hyper-V Manager, select the virtual machine that you just created and click Settings, for example:

  11. In Settings, select the Processor line in the navigation panel. Increase the number of virtual processors to 16.

  12. Navigate to IDE Controller 0, click on Hard Drive, then click Add, for example:

  13. Select the Hard Drive you just created, Click New.

  14. Click Next on the Before You Begin screen. You will add new hard disks using this method. The following is the list of disks you will need to add:

    Disk Size Disk Name
    Hard Disk 2 100GB /opt
    Hard Disk 3 60GB /cmdb
    Hard Disk 4 60GB /svn
    Hard Disk 5 60GB+ /data (see the following note)

    Note on Hard Disk 5:

    • Add a 5th disk if using local storage in an All In One deployment. Otherwise, a separate NFS share or Elasticsearch cluster must be used for event storage.
    • 60GB is the minimum event DB disk size for small deployments, provision significantly more event storage for higher EPS deployments. See the FortiSIEM Sizing Guide for additional information.

  15. Choose a disk format (VHDX) and click Next.

  16. Choose Disk Type (Dynamically expanding) and click Next.

  17. Specify the Name and Location of the disk. Click Next.

  18. Specify 100GB as the size of the disk (for /opt). For other disks, specify size accordingly. Click Next.

  19. Click Finish.

  20. Similarly, add a 60GB CMDB disk, a 60GB SVN disk to IDE Controller 1. Delete the CD Drive that was added by default. If you need to use local data disk, then add a Hard Disk on the SCSI Controller of the appropriate size. Once all this is done, click OK.

 

Start FortiSIEM from Hyper-V Manager

  1. In Hyper-V Manager, select the Supervisor, Worker, or Collector virtual machine.
  2. Click Connect.

  3. Click the Power On Icon as illustrated.

  4. The system will boot up. When the command prompt window opens, log in with the default login credentials: User root and Password ProspectHills.
  5. You will be required to change the password. Remember this password for future use.

At this point, you can continue configuring FortiSIEM by using the GUI.

Configure FortiSIEM via GUI

Follow these steps to configure FortiSIEM by using a simple GUI.

  1. Log in as user root with the password you set in Step 6 above.
  2. At the command prompt, go to /usr/local/bin and enter configFSM.sh, for example:

    # configFSM.sh

  3. In VM console, select 1 Set Timezone and then press Next.

  4. Select your Region, and press Next.

  5. Select your Country, and press Next.

  6. Select the Country and City for your timezone, and press Next.

  7. Select 1 Supervisor. Press Next.

    note icon

    Regardless of whether you select Supervisor, Worker, or Collector, you will see the same series of screens.

  8. If you want to enable FIPS, then choose 2. Otherwise, choose 1. You have the option of enabling FIPS (option 3) or disabling FIPS (option 4) later.

  9. Configure the network by entering the following fields. Press Next.

    Option Description
    Host Name The Supervisor's host name
    IPv4 Address The Supervisor's IPv4 address
    NetMask The Supervisor's subnet
    Gateway Network gateway address
    FQDN Fully-qualified domain name
    DNS1, DNS2 Addresses of the DNS servers

  10. Test network connectivity by connecting to a well-known public internet site, as shown in the following dialog box. Press Next.

  11. The final configuration confirmation is displayed. Verify that the parameters are correct. If they are not, then press Back to return to previous dialog boxes to correct any errors. If everything is OK, then press Run.

    The options are described in the following table.

    Option Description
    -r The FortiSIEM component being configured
    -z The time zone being configured
    -i IPv4-formatted address
    -m Address of the subnet mask
    -g Address of the gateway server used
    --host Host name
    -f FQDN address: fully-qualified domain name
    -t The IP type. The values can be either 4 (for ipv4) or 6 (for v6) Note: the 6 value is not currently supported.

    --dns1, --dns2

    Addresses of the DNS servers

    -o

    Installation option (install_without_fips, install_with_fips, enable_fips, disable_fips, change_ip, or migrate_6_1_0.)

    -z Time zone. Possible values are US/Pacific, Asia/Shanghai, Europe/London, or Africa/Tunis

    --testpinghost

    The URL used to test connectivity

  12. It will take some time to complete the FortiSIEM installation. If the installation is successful, then the VM will reboot automatically. Otherwise, the VM will stop at the failed task.

    You can inspect the ansible.log file located at /usr/local/fresh-install/logs if you encounter any issues during FortiSIEM installation.

    After installation completes, ensure that the phMonitor is up and running, for example:

    # phstatus

    The response should be similar to the following:

Upload the FortiSIEM License

note icon

Before proceeding, make sure that you have obtained valid FortiSIEM license from Forticare. For more information, see the Licensing Guide.

You will now be asked to input a license.

  1. Open a Web browser and log in to the FortiSIEM UI.
  2. The License Upload dialog box will open.

  3. Click Browse and upload the license file.

    Make sure that the Hardware ID shown in the License Upload page matches the license.

  4. For User ID and Password, choose any Full Admin credentials.

    For the first time installation, enter admin as the user and admin*1 as the password. You will then be asked to create a new password for GUI access.

  5. Choose License type as Enterprise or Service Provider.

    This option is available only for a first time installation. Once the database is configured, this option will not be available.

Choose an Event Database

For a fresh installation, you will be taken to the Event Database Storage page. You will be asked to choose between Local Disk, NFS or Elasticsearch options. For more details, see Configuring Storage.

Cluster Installation

For larger installations, you can choose Worker nodes, Collector nodes, and external storage (NFS or Elasticsearch).

Install Supervisor

Follow the steps in All-in-one Install with two differences:

  • Setting up hardware - you do not need an event database.
  • Setting up an Event database - Configure the cluster for either NFS or Elasticsearch.

    NFS

    Elasticsearch

You must choose external storage listed in Choose an Event Database.

Install Workers

Once the Supervisor is installed, follow the same steps in All-in-one Install to install a Worker except you need to only choose OS and OPT disks. The recommended settings for Worker node are:

  • CPU = 8
  • Memory = 24 GB
  • Two hard disks:
    • OS – 25GB
    • OPT – 100GB

Register Workers

Once the Worker is up and running, add the Worker to the Supervisor node.

  1. Go to ADMIN > License > Nodes.
  2. Select Worker from the drop-down list and enter the Worker's IP address. Click Add.

  3. See ADMIN > Health > Cloud Health to ensure that the Workers are up, healthy, and properly added to the system.

Install Collectors

Once Supervisor and Workers are installed, follow the same steps in All-in-one Install to install a Collector except in Edit FortiSIEM Hardware Settings, you need to only choose OS and OPT disks. The recommended settings for Collector node are:

  • CPU = 4
  • Memory = 8GB
  • Two hard disks:
    • OS – 25GB
    • OPT – 100GB

Register Collectors

Collectors can be deployed in Enterprise or Service Provider environments.

Enterprise Deployments

For Enterprise deployments, follow these steps.

  1. Log in to Supervisor with 'Admin' privileges.
  2. Go to ADMIN > Setup > Collectors and add a Collector by entering:
    1. Name – Collector Name
    2. Guaranteed EPS – this is the EPS that Collector will always be able to send. It could send more if there is excess EPS available.
    3. Start Time and End Time – set to Unlimited.
  3. SSH to the Collector and run following script to register Collectors:

    phProvisionCollector --add <user> <password> <Super IP or Host> <Organization> <CollectorName>

    1. Set user and password use the admin User Name and password for the Supervisor
    2. Set Super IP or Host as the Supervisor's IP address.
    3. Set Organization. For Enterprise deployments, the default name is Super.
    4. Set CollectorName from Step 2a.

      The Collector will reboot during the Registration.

  4. Go to ADMIN > Health > Collector Health for the status.

Service Provider Deployments

For Service Provider deployments, follow these steps.

  1. Log in to Supervisor with 'Admin' privileges.
  2. Go to ADMIN > Settings > System > Event Worker and enter the IP of the Worker node. Click OK.

  3. Go to ADMIN > Setup > Organizations and click New to add an Organization.

  4. Enter the Organization Name, Admin User, Admin Password, and Admin Email.
  5. Under Collectors, click New.
  6. Enter the Collector Name, Guaranteed EPS, Start Time, and End Time.

    The last two values could be set as Unlimited. Guaranteed EPS is the EPS that the Collector will always be able to send. It could send more if there is excess EPS available.

  7. SSH to the Collector and run following script to register Collectors:

    phProvisionCollector --add <user> <password> <Super IP or Host> <Organization> <CollectorName>

    1. Set user and password use the admin User Name and password for the Supervisor.
    2. Set Super IP or Host as the Supervisor's IP address.
    3. Set Organization as the name of an organization created on the Super.
    4. Set CollectorName from Step 6.

      The Collector will reboot during the Registration.

  8. Go to ADMIN > Health > Collector Health and check the status.