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VXLAN over IPsec tunnel

This is an example of VXLAN over IPsec tunnel. VXLAN encapsulation is used in the phase1-interface setting and virtual-switch is used to bridge the internal with VXLAN over IPsec tunnel.

For more information, see .

Sample topology

Sample configuration

To configure VXLAN over an IPsec tunnel:
  1. Configure the WAN interface and default route:
    1. HQ1:
      config system interface 
          edit "port1"
              set ip 172.16.200.1 255.255.255.0
          next
      end
      config router static
          edit 1
              set gateway 172.16.200.3
              set device "port1"
          next
      end
    2. HQ2:
      config system interface
          edit "port25"
              set ip 172.16.202.1 255.255.255.0 
          next    
      end
      config router static
          edit 1
              set gateway 172.16.202.2
              set device "port25"
          next
      end
  2. Configure IPsec phase1-interface:
    1. HQ1:
      config vpn ipsec phase1-interface
          edit "to_HQ2"
              set interface "port1"
              set peertype any
              set proposal aes128-sha256 aes256-sha256 aes128-sha1 aes256-sha1
              set encapsulation VXLAN
              set encapsulation-address ipv4
              set encap-local-gw4 172.16.200.1
              set encap-remote-gw4 172.16.202.1        
              set remote-gw 172.16.202.1
              set psksecret sample
              next
      end
      config vpn ipsec phase2-interface
          edit "to_HQ2"
              set phase1name "to_HQ2"
              set proposal aes128-sha1 aes256-sha1 aes128-sha256 aes256-sha256 aes128gcm aes256gcm chacha20poly1305
          next
      end
    2. HQ2:
      config vpn ipsec phase1-interface
          edit "to_HQ1"
              set interface "port25"
              set peertype any
              set proposal aes128-sha256 aes256-sha256 aes128-sha1 aes256-sha1
              set encapsulation VXLAN
              set encapsulation-address ipv4
              set encap-local-gw4 172.16.202.1
              set encap-remote-gw4 172.16.200.1        
              set remote-gw 172.16.200.1
              set psksecret sample
              next
      end
      config vpn ipsec phase2-interface
          edit "to_HQ1"
              set phase1name "to_HQ1"
              set proposal aes128-sha1 aes256-sha1 aes128-sha256 aes256-sha256 aes128gcm aes256gcm chacha20poly1305
          next
      end
  3. Configure the virtual switch.
    1. HQ1
      config system switch-interface
          edit "VXLAN-HQ2"
              set member "dmz" "to_HQ2"
              set intra-switch-policy explicit
          next
      end
    2. HQ2
      config system switch-interface
          edit "VXLAN-HQ1"
              set member "port9" "to_HQ1"
              set intra-switch-policy explicit
          next
      end
  4. Configure the firewall policy:
    1. HQ1:
      config firewall policy
          edit 1
              set srcintf "dmz"
              set dstintf "to_HQ2"
              set srcaddr "10.1.100.0"
              set dstaddr "10.1.100.0"
              set action accept
              set schedule "always"
              set service "ALL"
          next
          edit 2
              set srcintf "to_HQ2"
              set dstintf "dmz"
              set srcaddr "10.1.100.0"
              set dstaddr "10.1.100.0"
              set action accept
              set schedule "always"
              set service "ALL"
          next
      end
    2. HQ2:
      config firewall policy
          edit 1
              set srcintf "port9"
              set dstintf "to_HQ1"
              set srcaddr "10.1.100.0"
              set dstaddr "10.1.100.0"
              set action accept
              set schedule "always"
              set service "ALL"
          next
          edit 2
              set srcintf "to_HQ1"
              set dstintf "port9"
              set srcaddr "10.1.100.0"
              set dstaddr "10.1.100.0"
              set action accept
              set schedule "always"
              set service "ALL"
          next
      end
  5. Optionally, view the VPN tunnel list on HQ1 with the diagnose vpn tunnel list command:
    list all ipsec tunnel in vd 0
    ----
    name=to_HQ2 ver=1 serial=2 172.16.200.1:0->172.16.202.1:0
    bound_if=5 lgwy=static/1 tun=intf/0 mode=auto/1 encap=VXLAN/2 options[0002]=
    encap-addr: 172.16.200.1->172.16.202.1
    proxyid_num=1 child_num=0 refcnt=11 ilast=8 olast=0 ad=/0
    stat: rxp=13 txp=3693 rxb=5512 txb=224900
    dpd: mode=on-demand on=1 idle=20000ms retry=3 count=0 seqno=45
    natt: mode=none draft=0 interval=0 remote_port=0
    proxyid=to_HQ2 proto=0 sa=1 ref=2 serial=1
      src: 0:0.0.0.0/0.0.0.0:0
      dst: 0:0.0.0.0/0.0.0.0:0
      SA:  ref=3 options=10226 type=00 soft=0 mtu=1390 expire=41944/0B replaywin=2048
           seqno=e6e esn=0 replaywin_lastseq=0000000e itn=0
      life: type=01 bytes=0/0 timeout=42901/43200
      dec: spi=635e9bb1 esp=aes key=16 c8a374905ef9156e66504195f46a650c
           ah=sha1 key=20 a09265de7d3b0620b45441fb5af44dab125f2afe
      enc: spi=a4d0cd1e esp=aes key=16 e9d0f3f0bb7e15a833f80c42615a3b91
           ah=sha1 key=20 609a315c385471b8909b771c76e4fa7214996e50
      dec:pkts/bytes=13/4640, enc:pkts/bytes=3693/623240
  6. Optionally, view the bridge control interface on HQ1 with the diagnose netlink brctl name host VXLAN-HQ1 command:
    show bridge control interface VXLAN-HQ1 host. 
    fdb: size=2048, used=17, num=17, depth=1
    Bridge VXLAN-a host table
    port no device  devname mac addr                ttl     attributes
      1      1.       dmz     00:0c:29:4e:33:c9        1.        Hit(1)
      1      1.       dmz     00:0c:29:a8:c3:ea       105      Hit(105)
      1      1.       dmz     90:6c:ac:53:76:29        18       Hit(18)
      1      1.       dmz     08:5b:0e:dd:69:cb        1.       Local Static
      1      1.       dmz     90:6c:ac:84:3e:5d        1.        Hit(5)
      1      1.       dmz     00:0b:fd:eb:21:d6        1.        Hit(0)
      2     38        to_HQ2  56:45:c3:3f:57:b4        1.       Local Static
      1      1.       dmz     00:0c:29:d2:66:40        78       Hit(78)
      2     38        to_HQ2  90:6c:ac:5b:a6:eb       124      Hit(124)
      1      1.       dmz     00:0c:29:a6:bc:e6        19       Hit(19)
      1      1.       dmz     00:0c:29:f0:a2:e7        1.        Hit(0)
      1      1.       dmz     00:0c:29:d6:c4:66       164      Hit(164)
      1      1.       dmz     00:0c:29:e7:68:19        1.        Hit(0)
      1      1.       dmz     00:0c:29:bf:79:30        19       Hit(19)
      1      1.       dmz     00:0c:29:e0:64:7d        1.        Hit(0)
      1      1.       dmz     36:ea:c7:30:c0:f1        25       Hit(25)
      1      1.       dmz     36:ea:c7:30:cc:71        1.        Hit(0)

VXLAN over IPsec tunnel

This is an example of VXLAN over IPsec tunnel. VXLAN encapsulation is used in the phase1-interface setting and virtual-switch is used to bridge the internal with VXLAN over IPsec tunnel.

For more information, see .

Sample topology

Sample configuration

To configure VXLAN over an IPsec tunnel:
  1. Configure the WAN interface and default route:
    1. HQ1:
      config system interface 
          edit "port1"
              set ip 172.16.200.1 255.255.255.0
          next
      end
      config router static
          edit 1
              set gateway 172.16.200.3
              set device "port1"
          next
      end
    2. HQ2:
      config system interface
          edit "port25"
              set ip 172.16.202.1 255.255.255.0 
          next    
      end
      config router static
          edit 1
              set gateway 172.16.202.2
              set device "port25"
          next
      end
  2. Configure IPsec phase1-interface:
    1. HQ1:
      config vpn ipsec phase1-interface
          edit "to_HQ2"
              set interface "port1"
              set peertype any
              set proposal aes128-sha256 aes256-sha256 aes128-sha1 aes256-sha1
              set encapsulation VXLAN
              set encapsulation-address ipv4
              set encap-local-gw4 172.16.200.1
              set encap-remote-gw4 172.16.202.1        
              set remote-gw 172.16.202.1
              set psksecret sample
              next
      end
      config vpn ipsec phase2-interface
          edit "to_HQ2"
              set phase1name "to_HQ2"
              set proposal aes128-sha1 aes256-sha1 aes128-sha256 aes256-sha256 aes128gcm aes256gcm chacha20poly1305
          next
      end
    2. HQ2:
      config vpn ipsec phase1-interface
          edit "to_HQ1"
              set interface "port25"
              set peertype any
              set proposal aes128-sha256 aes256-sha256 aes128-sha1 aes256-sha1
              set encapsulation VXLAN
              set encapsulation-address ipv4
              set encap-local-gw4 172.16.202.1
              set encap-remote-gw4 172.16.200.1        
              set remote-gw 172.16.200.1
              set psksecret sample
              next
      end
      config vpn ipsec phase2-interface
          edit "to_HQ1"
              set phase1name "to_HQ1"
              set proposal aes128-sha1 aes256-sha1 aes128-sha256 aes256-sha256 aes128gcm aes256gcm chacha20poly1305
          next
      end
  3. Configure the virtual switch.
    1. HQ1
      config system switch-interface
          edit "VXLAN-HQ2"
              set member "dmz" "to_HQ2"
              set intra-switch-policy explicit
          next
      end
    2. HQ2
      config system switch-interface
          edit "VXLAN-HQ1"
              set member "port9" "to_HQ1"
              set intra-switch-policy explicit
          next
      end
  4. Configure the firewall policy:
    1. HQ1:
      config firewall policy
          edit 1
              set srcintf "dmz"
              set dstintf "to_HQ2"
              set srcaddr "10.1.100.0"
              set dstaddr "10.1.100.0"
              set action accept
              set schedule "always"
              set service "ALL"
          next
          edit 2
              set srcintf "to_HQ2"
              set dstintf "dmz"
              set srcaddr "10.1.100.0"
              set dstaddr "10.1.100.0"
              set action accept
              set schedule "always"
              set service "ALL"
          next
      end
    2. HQ2:
      config firewall policy
          edit 1
              set srcintf "port9"
              set dstintf "to_HQ1"
              set srcaddr "10.1.100.0"
              set dstaddr "10.1.100.0"
              set action accept
              set schedule "always"
              set service "ALL"
          next
          edit 2
              set srcintf "to_HQ1"
              set dstintf "port9"
              set srcaddr "10.1.100.0"
              set dstaddr "10.1.100.0"
              set action accept
              set schedule "always"
              set service "ALL"
          next
      end
  5. Optionally, view the VPN tunnel list on HQ1 with the diagnose vpn tunnel list command:
    list all ipsec tunnel in vd 0
    ----
    name=to_HQ2 ver=1 serial=2 172.16.200.1:0->172.16.202.1:0
    bound_if=5 lgwy=static/1 tun=intf/0 mode=auto/1 encap=VXLAN/2 options[0002]=
    encap-addr: 172.16.200.1->172.16.202.1
    proxyid_num=1 child_num=0 refcnt=11 ilast=8 olast=0 ad=/0
    stat: rxp=13 txp=3693 rxb=5512 txb=224900
    dpd: mode=on-demand on=1 idle=20000ms retry=3 count=0 seqno=45
    natt: mode=none draft=0 interval=0 remote_port=0
    proxyid=to_HQ2 proto=0 sa=1 ref=2 serial=1
      src: 0:0.0.0.0/0.0.0.0:0
      dst: 0:0.0.0.0/0.0.0.0:0
      SA:  ref=3 options=10226 type=00 soft=0 mtu=1390 expire=41944/0B replaywin=2048
           seqno=e6e esn=0 replaywin_lastseq=0000000e itn=0
      life: type=01 bytes=0/0 timeout=42901/43200
      dec: spi=635e9bb1 esp=aes key=16 c8a374905ef9156e66504195f46a650c
           ah=sha1 key=20 a09265de7d3b0620b45441fb5af44dab125f2afe
      enc: spi=a4d0cd1e esp=aes key=16 e9d0f3f0bb7e15a833f80c42615a3b91
           ah=sha1 key=20 609a315c385471b8909b771c76e4fa7214996e50
      dec:pkts/bytes=13/4640, enc:pkts/bytes=3693/623240
  6. Optionally, view the bridge control interface on HQ1 with the diagnose netlink brctl name host VXLAN-HQ1 command:
    show bridge control interface VXLAN-HQ1 host. 
    fdb: size=2048, used=17, num=17, depth=1
    Bridge VXLAN-a host table
    port no device  devname mac addr                ttl     attributes
      1      1.       dmz     00:0c:29:4e:33:c9        1.        Hit(1)
      1      1.       dmz     00:0c:29:a8:c3:ea       105      Hit(105)
      1      1.       dmz     90:6c:ac:53:76:29        18       Hit(18)
      1      1.       dmz     08:5b:0e:dd:69:cb        1.       Local Static
      1      1.       dmz     90:6c:ac:84:3e:5d        1.        Hit(5)
      1      1.       dmz     00:0b:fd:eb:21:d6        1.        Hit(0)
      2     38        to_HQ2  56:45:c3:3f:57:b4        1.       Local Static
      1      1.       dmz     00:0c:29:d2:66:40        78       Hit(78)
      2     38        to_HQ2  90:6c:ac:5b:a6:eb       124      Hit(124)
      1      1.       dmz     00:0c:29:a6:bc:e6        19       Hit(19)
      1      1.       dmz     00:0c:29:f0:a2:e7        1.        Hit(0)
      1      1.       dmz     00:0c:29:d6:c4:66       164      Hit(164)
      1      1.       dmz     00:0c:29:e7:68:19        1.        Hit(0)
      1      1.       dmz     00:0c:29:bf:79:30        19       Hit(19)
      1      1.       dmz     00:0c:29:e0:64:7d        1.        Hit(0)
      1      1.       dmz     36:ea:c7:30:c0:f1        25       Hit(25)
      1      1.       dmz     36:ea:c7:30:cc:71        1.        Hit(0)