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Table of Contents

Cookbook

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Configure BGP

Network route discovery is facilitated by BGP.

EBGP is used to prevent the redistribution of routes that are in the same Autonomous System (AS) number as the host. It is also required to influence route selection on the branches with AS-Path prepending. EBGP multipath is enabled so that the hub FortiGate can dynamically discover multiple paths for networks that are advertised at the branches.

The neighbor range and group settings are configured to allow peering relationships to be established without defining each individual peer. Connecting branches have their tunnel interfaces configured within the range of the BGP peer.

In order to facilitate the fastest route failovers, configure the following timers to their lowest levels: scan-time, advertisement-interval, keep-alive-timer, and holdtime-timer.

To configure BGP on the hub FortiGate:
config router bgp
    set as 65500
    set router-id 10.10.0.1
    set ebgp-multipath enable
    set graceful-restart enable
    config neighbor-group
        edit "branch-peers-1"
            set soft-reconfiguration enable
            set remote-as 65501
        next
        edit "branch-peers-2"
            set soft-reconfiguration enable
            set remote-as 65501
        next
    end
    config neighbor-range
        edit 1
            set prefix 10.254.0.0 255.255.255.0
            set neighbor-group "branch-peers-1"
        next
        edit 2
            set prefix 10.254.1.0 255.255.255.0
            set neighbor-group "branch-peers-2"
        next
    end
    config network
        edit 1
            set prefix 10.200.1.0 255.255.255.0
        next
        edit 2
            set prefix 10.200.0.0 255.255.255.0
        next
        edit 3
            set prefix 10.200.3.0 255.255.255.0
        next
    end
end

Configure BGP

Network route discovery is facilitated by BGP.

EBGP is used to prevent the redistribution of routes that are in the same Autonomous System (AS) number as the host. It is also required to influence route selection on the branches with AS-Path prepending. EBGP multipath is enabled so that the hub FortiGate can dynamically discover multiple paths for networks that are advertised at the branches.

The neighbor range and group settings are configured to allow peering relationships to be established without defining each individual peer. Connecting branches have their tunnel interfaces configured within the range of the BGP peer.

In order to facilitate the fastest route failovers, configure the following timers to their lowest levels: scan-time, advertisement-interval, keep-alive-timer, and holdtime-timer.

To configure BGP on the hub FortiGate:
config router bgp
    set as 65500
    set router-id 10.10.0.1
    set ebgp-multipath enable
    set graceful-restart enable
    config neighbor-group
        edit "branch-peers-1"
            set soft-reconfiguration enable
            set remote-as 65501
        next
        edit "branch-peers-2"
            set soft-reconfiguration enable
            set remote-as 65501
        next
    end
    config neighbor-range
        edit 1
            set prefix 10.254.0.0 255.255.255.0
            set neighbor-group "branch-peers-1"
        next
        edit 2
            set prefix 10.254.1.0 255.255.255.0
            set neighbor-group "branch-peers-2"
        next
    end
    config network
        edit 1
            set prefix 10.200.1.0 255.255.255.0
        next
        edit 2
            set prefix 10.200.0.0 255.255.255.0
        next
        edit 3
            set prefix 10.200.3.0 255.255.255.0
        next
    end
end