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Table of Contents

Administration Guide

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Important DNS CLI commands

DNS settings can be configured with the following CLI command:

config system dns
    set primary <ip_address>
    set secondary <ip_address>
    set protocol {cleartext dot doh}
    set ssl-certificate <string>
    set server-hostname <hostname>
    set domain <domains>
    set ip6-primary <ip6_address>
    set ip6-secondary <ip6_address>
    set timeout <integer>
    set retry <integer>
    set dns-cache-limit <integer>
    set dns-cache-ttl <integer>
    set cache-notfound-responses {enable | disable}
    set interface-select-method {auto | sdwan | specify}
    set interface <interface>
    set source-ip <class_ip>
end

For a FortiGate with multiple logical CPUs, you can set the DNS process number from 1 to the number of logical CPUs. The default DNS process number is 1.

config system global
    set dnsproxy-worker-count <integer>
end

DNS protocols

The following DNS protocols can be enabled:

  • cleartext: Enable clear text DNS over port 53 (default).
  • dot: Enable DNS over TLS.
  • doh: Enable DNS over HTTPS.

For more information, see DNS over TLS and HTTPS.

cache-notfound-responses

When enabled, any DNS requests that are returned with NOT FOUND can be stored in the cache. The DNS server is not asked to resolve the host name for NOT FOUND entries. By default, this option is disabled.

dns-cache-limit

Set the number of DNS entries that are stored in the cache (0 to 4294967295, default = 5000). Entries that remain in the cache provide a quicker response to requests than going out to the Internet to get the same information.

dns-cache-ttl

The duration that the DNS cache retains information, in seconds (60 to 86400 (1 day), default = 1800).

 

Important DNS CLI commands

DNS settings can be configured with the following CLI command:

config system dns
    set primary <ip_address>
    set secondary <ip_address>
    set protocol {cleartext dot doh}
    set ssl-certificate <string>
    set server-hostname <hostname>
    set domain <domains>
    set ip6-primary <ip6_address>
    set ip6-secondary <ip6_address>
    set timeout <integer>
    set retry <integer>
    set dns-cache-limit <integer>
    set dns-cache-ttl <integer>
    set cache-notfound-responses {enable | disable}
    set interface-select-method {auto | sdwan | specify}
    set interface <interface>
    set source-ip <class_ip>
end

For a FortiGate with multiple logical CPUs, you can set the DNS process number from 1 to the number of logical CPUs. The default DNS process number is 1.

config system global
    set dnsproxy-worker-count <integer>
end

DNS protocols

The following DNS protocols can be enabled:

  • cleartext: Enable clear text DNS over port 53 (default).
  • dot: Enable DNS over TLS.
  • doh: Enable DNS over HTTPS.

For more information, see DNS over TLS and HTTPS.

cache-notfound-responses

When enabled, any DNS requests that are returned with NOT FOUND can be stored in the cache. The DNS server is not asked to resolve the host name for NOT FOUND entries. By default, this option is disabled.

dns-cache-limit

Set the number of DNS entries that are stored in the cache (0 to 4294967295, default = 5000). Entries that remain in the cache provide a quicker response to requests than going out to the Internet to get the same information.

dns-cache-ttl

The duration that the DNS cache retains information, in seconds (60 to 86400 (1 day), default = 1800).