Fortinet Document Library

Version:

Version:

Version:


Table of Contents

Administration Guide

Download PDF
Copy Link

Applying DNS filter to FortiGate DNS server

You can configure a FortiGate as a DNS server in your network. When you enable DNS service on a specific interface, the FortiGate will listen for DNS service on that interface.

Depending on the configuration, DNS service works in three modes: Recursive, Non-Recursive, or Forward to System DNS (server). For details on how to configure the FortiGate as a DNS server and configure the DNS database, see FortiGate DNS server.

You can apply a DNS filter profile to Recursive and Forward to System DNS mode. This is the same as the FortiGate working as a transparent DNS proxy for DNS relay traffic.

To configure DNS service in the GUI:
  1. Go to Network > DNS Servers (if this option is not available, go to System > Feature Visibility and enable DNS Database).
  2. In the DNS Service on Interface section, click Create New and select an Interface from the dropdown.
  3. For Mode, select Forward to System DNS.
  4. Enable DNS Filter and select a profile from the dropdown.

  5. Click OK.
To configure DNS service in the CLI:
config system dns-server
    edit "port10"
        set mode forward-only
        set dnsfilter-profile "demo"
    next
end
To check DNS service with a DNS filter profile using a command line tool:

In this example, port10 is enabled as a DNS service with the DNS filter profile demo. The IP address of port10 is 10.1.100.5 , and the DNS filter profile is configured to block category 52 (information technology). From your internal network PC, use a command line tool, such as dig or nslookup, to perform a DNS query. For example:

# dig @10.1.100.5 www.fortinet.com
;; ->>HEADER<<- opcode: QUERY; status: NOERROR; id: 52809
;; Flags: qr rd; QUERY: 1; ANSWER: 1; AUTHORITY: 0; ADDITIONAL: 0

;; QUESTION SECTION:
;; www.fortinet.com.            IN      A

;; ANSWER SECTION:
www.fortinet.com.       60      IN      A       208.91.112.55

;; Received 50 B
;; Time 2019-04-08 14:36:34 PDT
;; From 10.1.100.5@53(UDP) in 13.6 ms

The relay DNS traffic was filtered based on the DNS filter profile configuration. It was blocked and redirected to the portal IP (208.91.112.55).

Applying DNS filter to FortiGate DNS server

You can configure a FortiGate as a DNS server in your network. When you enable DNS service on a specific interface, the FortiGate will listen for DNS service on that interface.

Depending on the configuration, DNS service works in three modes: Recursive, Non-Recursive, or Forward to System DNS (server). For details on how to configure the FortiGate as a DNS server and configure the DNS database, see FortiGate DNS server.

You can apply a DNS filter profile to Recursive and Forward to System DNS mode. This is the same as the FortiGate working as a transparent DNS proxy for DNS relay traffic.

To configure DNS service in the GUI:
  1. Go to Network > DNS Servers (if this option is not available, go to System > Feature Visibility and enable DNS Database).
  2. In the DNS Service on Interface section, click Create New and select an Interface from the dropdown.
  3. For Mode, select Forward to System DNS.
  4. Enable DNS Filter and select a profile from the dropdown.

  5. Click OK.
To configure DNS service in the CLI:
config system dns-server
    edit "port10"
        set mode forward-only
        set dnsfilter-profile "demo"
    next
end
To check DNS service with a DNS filter profile using a command line tool:

In this example, port10 is enabled as a DNS service with the DNS filter profile demo. The IP address of port10 is 10.1.100.5 , and the DNS filter profile is configured to block category 52 (information technology). From your internal network PC, use a command line tool, such as dig or nslookup, to perform a DNS query. For example:

# dig @10.1.100.5 www.fortinet.com
;; ->>HEADER<<- opcode: QUERY; status: NOERROR; id: 52809
;; Flags: qr rd; QUERY: 1; ANSWER: 1; AUTHORITY: 0; ADDITIONAL: 0

;; QUESTION SECTION:
;; www.fortinet.com.            IN      A

;; ANSWER SECTION:
www.fortinet.com.       60      IN      A       208.91.112.55

;; Received 50 B
;; Time 2019-04-08 14:36:34 PDT
;; From 10.1.100.5@53(UDP) in 13.6 ms

The relay DNS traffic was filtered based on the DNS filter profile configuration. It was blocked and redirected to the portal IP (208.91.112.55).