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Table of Contents

Administration Guide

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Enhanced hashing for LAG member selection

FortiGate models that have an internal switch that supports modifying the distribution algorithm can use enhanced hashing to help distribute traffic evenly, or load balance, across links on the Link Aggregation (LAG) interface.

The enhanced hashing algorithm is based on a 5-tuple of the IP protocol, source IP address, destination IP address, source port, and destination port.

Different computation methods allow for more variation in the load balancing distribution, in case one algorithm does not distribute traffic evenly between links across different XAUIs. The available methods are:

xor16

Use the XOR operator to make a 16 bit hash.

xor8

Use the XOR operator to make an 8 bit hash.

xor4

Use the XOR operator to make a 4 bit hash.

crc16

Use the CRC-16-CCITT polynomial to make a 16 bit hash.

Note

The following NP6 non-service FortiGate models support this feature: 1200D, 1500D, 1500DT, 3000D, 3100D, 3200D, 3700D, and 5001D.

To configure the enhanced hashing:
config system npu
    set lag-out-port-select {enable | disable}
    config sw-eh-hash
        set computation {xor4 | xor8 | xor16 | crc16}
        set ip-protocol {include | exclude}
        set source-ip-upper-16 {include | exclude}
        set source-ip-lower-16 {include | exclude}
        set destination-ip-upper-16 {include | exclude}
        set destination-ip-lower-16 {include | exclude}
        set source-port {include | exclude}
        set destination-port {include | exclude}
        set netmask-length {0 - 32}
    end
end

For example, to use XOR16 and include all of the fields in the 5-tuple to compute the link in the LAG interface that the packet is distributed to:

config system npu
    set lag-out-port-select enable
    config sw-eh-hash
        set computation xor16
        set ip-protocol include
        set source-ip-upper-16 include
        set source-ip-lower-16 include
        set destination-ip-upper-16 include
        set destination-ip-lower-16 include
        set source-port include
        set destination-port include
        set netmask-length 32
    end
end

Enhanced hashing for LAG member selection

FortiGate models that have an internal switch that supports modifying the distribution algorithm can use enhanced hashing to help distribute traffic evenly, or load balance, across links on the Link Aggregation (LAG) interface.

The enhanced hashing algorithm is based on a 5-tuple of the IP protocol, source IP address, destination IP address, source port, and destination port.

Different computation methods allow for more variation in the load balancing distribution, in case one algorithm does not distribute traffic evenly between links across different XAUIs. The available methods are:

xor16

Use the XOR operator to make a 16 bit hash.

xor8

Use the XOR operator to make an 8 bit hash.

xor4

Use the XOR operator to make a 4 bit hash.

crc16

Use the CRC-16-CCITT polynomial to make a 16 bit hash.

Note

The following NP6 non-service FortiGate models support this feature: 1200D, 1500D, 1500DT, 3000D, 3100D, 3200D, 3700D, and 5001D.

To configure the enhanced hashing:
config system npu
    set lag-out-port-select {enable | disable}
    config sw-eh-hash
        set computation {xor4 | xor8 | xor16 | crc16}
        set ip-protocol {include | exclude}
        set source-ip-upper-16 {include | exclude}
        set source-ip-lower-16 {include | exclude}
        set destination-ip-upper-16 {include | exclude}
        set destination-ip-lower-16 {include | exclude}
        set source-port {include | exclude}
        set destination-port {include | exclude}
        set netmask-length {0 - 32}
    end
end

For example, to use XOR16 and include all of the fields in the 5-tuple to compute the link in the LAG interface that the packet is distributed to:

config system npu
    set lag-out-port-select enable
    config sw-eh-hash
        set computation xor16
        set ip-protocol include
        set source-ip-upper-16 include
        set source-ip-lower-16 include
        set destination-ip-upper-16 include
        set destination-ip-lower-16 include
        set source-port include
        set destination-port include
        set netmask-length 32
    end
end