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Table of Contents

FortiOS Carrier

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Path management messages

Path management is used by one GSN to detect if another GSN is alive, or if it has restarted after a failure.

The path management procedure checks if a given GSN is alive or has been restarted after a failure. In case of SGSN restart, all MM and PDP contexts are deleted in the SGSN, since the associated data is stored in a volatile memory. In the case of GGSN restart, all PDP contexts are deleted in the GGSN.

Message Type Used by Description

Echo Request (1)

Echo Response (2)

GTP-C, GTP-U, GTP’ Echo Request is sent on a path to another GSN to determine if the other node is alive. Echo Response is the reply.
Version Not Supported (3) GTP-C, GTP-U, GTP’ There are multiple versions of GTP. Both devices communicating must use the same version of GTP, or this message will be the response.
Supported Extension Headers Notification (31)   Extensions are optional parts that a device can choose to support or not. If a device includes these extensions, it must include headers for the extensions to sure ensure proper formatting.

Path management messages

Path management is used by one GSN to detect if another GSN is alive, or if it has restarted after a failure.

The path management procedure checks if a given GSN is alive or has been restarted after a failure. In case of SGSN restart, all MM and PDP contexts are deleted in the SGSN, since the associated data is stored in a volatile memory. In the case of GGSN restart, all PDP contexts are deleted in the GGSN.

Message Type Used by Description

Echo Request (1)

Echo Response (2)

GTP-C, GTP-U, GTP’ Echo Request is sent on a path to another GSN to determine if the other node is alive. Echo Response is the reply.
Version Not Supported (3) GTP-C, GTP-U, GTP’ There are multiple versions of GTP. Both devices communicating must use the same version of GTP, or this message will be the response.
Supported Extension Headers Notification (31)   Extensions are optional parts that a device can choose to support or not. If a device includes these extensions, it must include headers for the extensions to sure ensure proper formatting.