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Table of Contents

Administration Guide

Multi-stage DSCP marking and class ID in traffic shapers

Traffic shapers have a multi-stage method so that packets are marked with a different differentiated services code point (DSCP) and class id at different traffic speeds. Marking packets with a different DSCP code is for the next hop to classify the packets. The FortiGate benefits by marking packets with a different class id. Combined with the egress interface shaping profile, the FortiGate can handle the traffic differently according to its class id.

Rule

DSCP code

Class ID

speed < guarantee bandwidth

diffservcode

class id in shaping policy

guarantee bandwidth < speed < exceed bandwidth

exceed-dscp

exceed-class-id

exceed bandwidth < speed

maximum-dscp

exceed-class-id

This example sets the following parameters:

  • When the current bandwidth is less than 50 Kbps, mark packets with diffservcode 100000 and set class id to 10.
  • When the current bandwidth is between 50 Kbps and 100 Kbps, mark packets with exceed-dscp 111000 and set exceed-class-id to 20.
  • When the current bandwidth is more than 100 Kbps, mark packets with maximum-dscp 111111 and set exceed-class-id to 20.
To set multi-stage DSCP marking and class ID in a traffic shaper:
config firewall shaper traffic-shaper
    edit "50k-100k-150k"
        set guaranteed-bandwidth 50
        set maximum-bandwidth 150
        set diffserv enable
        set dscp-marking-method multi-stage
        set exceed-bandwidth 100 
        set exceed-dscp 111000      
        set exceed-class-id 20
        set maximum-dscp 111111
        set diffservcode 100000
    next
end
config firewall shaping-policy
     edit 1
         set service "ALL"
         set dstintf PORT2
         set srcaddr "all"
         set dstaddr "all"
         set class-id 10
     next
end

Traffic shapers also have an overhead option that defines the per-packet size overhead used in rate computation.

To set the traffic shaper overhead option:
config firewall shaper traffic-shaper
    edit "testing"
        set guaranteed-bandwidth 50
        set maximum-bandwidth 150
        set overhead 14 <range from 0 to 100>
    next
end

Example

This example shows how to mark QA traffic with a different DSCP according to real-time traffic speed.

To configure the firewall address:
config firewall address
    edit QA_team
        set subnet 10.1.100.0/24
    next
end
To configure the firewall shaper traffic shaper:
config firewall shaper traffic-shaper
    edit "500k-1000k-1500k"
        set guaranteed-bandwidth 500
        set maximum-bandwidth 1500
        set diffserv enable
        set dscp-marking-method multi-stage
        set exceed-bandwidth 1000
        set exceed-dscp 111000
        set maximum-dscp 111111
        set diffservcode 100000
    next
end
config firewall shaping-policy
    edit QA_team
        set service "ALL"
        set dstintf port1
        set traffic-shaper "500k-1000k-1500k"
        set traffic-shaper-reverse "500k-1000k-1500k"
        set srcaddr "QA_team"
        set dstaddr "all"
    next
end

Multi-stage DSCP marking and class ID in traffic shapers

Traffic shapers have a multi-stage method so that packets are marked with a different differentiated services code point (DSCP) and class id at different traffic speeds. Marking packets with a different DSCP code is for the next hop to classify the packets. The FortiGate benefits by marking packets with a different class id. Combined with the egress interface shaping profile, the FortiGate can handle the traffic differently according to its class id.

Rule

DSCP code

Class ID

speed < guarantee bandwidth

diffservcode

class id in shaping policy

guarantee bandwidth < speed < exceed bandwidth

exceed-dscp

exceed-class-id

exceed bandwidth < speed

maximum-dscp

exceed-class-id

This example sets the following parameters:

  • When the current bandwidth is less than 50 Kbps, mark packets with diffservcode 100000 and set class id to 10.
  • When the current bandwidth is between 50 Kbps and 100 Kbps, mark packets with exceed-dscp 111000 and set exceed-class-id to 20.
  • When the current bandwidth is more than 100 Kbps, mark packets with maximum-dscp 111111 and set exceed-class-id to 20.
To set multi-stage DSCP marking and class ID in a traffic shaper:
config firewall shaper traffic-shaper
    edit "50k-100k-150k"
        set guaranteed-bandwidth 50
        set maximum-bandwidth 150
        set diffserv enable
        set dscp-marking-method multi-stage
        set exceed-bandwidth 100 
        set exceed-dscp 111000      
        set exceed-class-id 20
        set maximum-dscp 111111
        set diffservcode 100000
    next
end
config firewall shaping-policy
     edit 1
         set service "ALL"
         set dstintf PORT2
         set srcaddr "all"
         set dstaddr "all"
         set class-id 10
     next
end

Traffic shapers also have an overhead option that defines the per-packet size overhead used in rate computation.

To set the traffic shaper overhead option:
config firewall shaper traffic-shaper
    edit "testing"
        set guaranteed-bandwidth 50
        set maximum-bandwidth 150
        set overhead 14 <range from 0 to 100>
    next
end

Example

This example shows how to mark QA traffic with a different DSCP according to real-time traffic speed.

To configure the firewall address:
config firewall address
    edit QA_team
        set subnet 10.1.100.0/24
    next
end
To configure the firewall shaper traffic shaper:
config firewall shaper traffic-shaper
    edit "500k-1000k-1500k"
        set guaranteed-bandwidth 500
        set maximum-bandwidth 1500
        set diffserv enable
        set dscp-marking-method multi-stage
        set exceed-bandwidth 1000
        set exceed-dscp 111000
        set maximum-dscp 111111
        set diffservcode 100000
    next
end
config firewall shaping-policy
    edit QA_team
        set service "ALL"
        set dstintf port1
        set traffic-shaper "500k-1000k-1500k"
        set traffic-shaper-reverse "500k-1000k-1500k"
        set srcaddr "QA_team"
        set dstaddr "all"
    next
end