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Administration Guide

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Allow FortiClient to join OCVPN

Administrators can configure remote access for FortiClient within an OCVPN hub. This provides simple configurations to allow a user group access to an overlay network.

To configure remote FortiClient access to an OCVPN hub in the GUI:
  1. On the primary hub, configure the users and user groups required for the FortiClient dialup user authentication and authorization. In this example, there are two user groups (dev_grp and qa_grp).
  2. Go to VPN > Overlay Controller VPN and in the Overlays section, click Create New.
  3. Enter a name and the local subnet (174.16.101.0/24 for dev and 22.202.2.0/24 for qa).
  4. Enable FortiClient Access.
  5. In the Access Rules section, click Create New.
  6. Enter a name, and select the authentication groups and overlays.

    The authentication groups will be used by the IPsec phase 1 interface for authentication, and by firewall policies for authorization. The overlay allows access to the resource.
  7. Click OK.
  8. Create more rules if needed.
  9. Click Apply.

To view the tunnel status and activity in the GUI:
  1. Go to Dashboard > Network.
  2. Click the IPsec widget to expand to full screen view.

To configure remote FortiClient access to an OCVPN hub in the CLI:
config vpn ocvpn
    set status enable
    set role primary-hub
    set wan-interface "mgmt1"
    set ip-allocation-block 10.254.0.0 255.255.0.0
    config overlays
        edit "dev"
            config subnets
                edit 1
                    set subnet 174.16.101.0 255.255.255.0
                next
            end
        next
        edit "qa"
            config subnets
                edit 1
                    set subnet 22.202.2.0 255.255.255.0
                next
            end
        next
    end
    config forticlient-access
        set status enable
        set psksecret xxxxxxxxxxxx
        config auth-groups
            edit "dev"
                set auth-group "dev_grp"
                set overlays "dev"
            next
            edit "qa"
                set auth-group "qa_grp"
                set overlays "qa"
            next
        end
    end
end
To view the tunnel status and activity in the CLI:
# diagnose vpn ike gateway list

vd: root/0
name: _OCVPN_FCT0_0
version: 1
interface: mgmt1 4
addr: 172.16.200.4:4500 -> 172.16.200.15:64916
created: 110s ago
xauth-user: usera
groups:
  dev_grp 1
assigned IPv4 address: 10.254.128.1/255.255.255.255
nat: peer
IKE SA: created 1/1  established 1/1  time 20/20/20 ms
IPsec SA: created 1/1  established 1/1  time 0/0/0 ms

  id/spi: 72 1ccd2abf2d981123/fd8da107f9e4d312
  direction: responder
  status: established 110-110s ago = 20ms
  proposal: aes256-sha256
  key: 105a0291b0c05219-3decdf78938a7bea-78943651e1720536-625114d66e46f668
  lifetime/rekey: 86400/86019
  DPD sent/recv: 00000000/00000af3
To view data on the PC running FortiClient:
C:\ route print
===========================================================================

IPv4 Route Table
===========================================================================
Active Routes:
Network Destination        Netmask          Gateway       Interface  Metric
          0.0.0.0          0.0.0.0       10.1.100.5      10.1.100.13    281
       10.1.100.0    255.255.255.0     10.254.128.2     10.254.128.1      1 
      10.1.100.13  255.255.255.255         On-link       10.1.100.13    281
       10.1.101.0    255.255.255.0     10.254.128.2     10.254.128.1      1
        10.6.30.0    255.255.255.0         On-link        10.6.30.13    281
       10.6.30.13  255.255.255.255         On-link        10.6.30.13    281
      10.6.30.255  255.255.255.255         On-link        10.6.30.13    281
       10.254.0.0      255.255.0.0     10.254.128.2     10.254.128.1      1
     10.254.128.1  255.255.255.255         On-link      10.254.128.1    257
       22.202.2.0    255.255.255.0     10.254.128.2     10.254.128.1      1
        127.0.0.0        255.0.0.0         On-link         127.0.0.1    331
        127.0.0.1  255.255.255.255         On-link         127.0.0.1    331
  127.255.255.255  255.255.255.255         On-link         127.0.0.1    331
     172.16.200.4  255.255.255.255       10.1.100.5      10.1.100.13     25
     174.16.101.0    255.255.255.0     10.254.128.2     10.254.128.1      1
        224.0.0.0        240.0.0.0         On-link         127.0.0.1    331
        224.0.0.0        240.0.0.0         On-link      10.254.128.1    257
        224.0.0.0        240.0.0.0         On-link        10.6.30.13    281
        224.0.0.0        240.0.0.0         On-link       10.1.100.13    281
  255.255.255.255  255.255.255.255         On-link         127.0.0.1    331
  255.255.255.255  255.255.255.255         On-link      10.254.128.1    257
  255.255.255.255  255.255.255.255         On-link        10.6.30.13    281
  255.255.255.255  255.255.255.255         On-link       10.1.100.13    281
===========================================================================
Persistent Routes:
  Network Address          Netmask  Gateway Address  Metric
          0.0.0.0          0.0.0.0       10.1.100.5  Default

The PC can access the dev resource overlay, but not qa:

C:\Users\tester>ping 174.16.101.44

Pinging 174.16.101.44 with 32 bytes of data:
Reply from 174.16.101.44: bytes=32 time=1ms TTL=63
Reply from 174.16.101.44: bytes=32 time=1ms TTL=63
Reply from 174.16.101.44: bytes=32 time=1ms TTL=63
Reply from 174.16.101.44: bytes=32 time=1ms TTL=63

Ping statistics for 174.16.101.44:
    Packets: Sent = 4, Received = 4, Lost = 0 (0% loss),
Approximate round trip times in milli-seconds:
    Minimum = 1ms, Maximum = 1ms, Average = 1ms

C:\Users\tester>ping 22.202.2.2

Pinging 22.202.2.2 with 32 bytes of data:
Request timed out.
Request timed out.
Request timed out.
Request timed out.

Ping statistics for 22.202.2.2:
    Packets: Sent = 4, Received = 0, Lost = 4 (100% loss),

Allow FortiClient to join OCVPN

Administrators can configure remote access for FortiClient within an OCVPN hub. This provides simple configurations to allow a user group access to an overlay network.

To configure remote FortiClient access to an OCVPN hub in the GUI:
  1. On the primary hub, configure the users and user groups required for the FortiClient dialup user authentication and authorization. In this example, there are two user groups (dev_grp and qa_grp).
  2. Go to VPN > Overlay Controller VPN and in the Overlays section, click Create New.
  3. Enter a name and the local subnet (174.16.101.0/24 for dev and 22.202.2.0/24 for qa).
  4. Enable FortiClient Access.
  5. In the Access Rules section, click Create New.
  6. Enter a name, and select the authentication groups and overlays.

    The authentication groups will be used by the IPsec phase 1 interface for authentication, and by firewall policies for authorization. The overlay allows access to the resource.
  7. Click OK.
  8. Create more rules if needed.
  9. Click Apply.

To view the tunnel status and activity in the GUI:
  1. Go to Dashboard > Network.
  2. Click the IPsec widget to expand to full screen view.

To configure remote FortiClient access to an OCVPN hub in the CLI:
config vpn ocvpn
    set status enable
    set role primary-hub
    set wan-interface "mgmt1"
    set ip-allocation-block 10.254.0.0 255.255.0.0
    config overlays
        edit "dev"
            config subnets
                edit 1
                    set subnet 174.16.101.0 255.255.255.0
                next
            end
        next
        edit "qa"
            config subnets
                edit 1
                    set subnet 22.202.2.0 255.255.255.0
                next
            end
        next
    end
    config forticlient-access
        set status enable
        set psksecret xxxxxxxxxxxx
        config auth-groups
            edit "dev"
                set auth-group "dev_grp"
                set overlays "dev"
            next
            edit "qa"
                set auth-group "qa_grp"
                set overlays "qa"
            next
        end
    end
end
To view the tunnel status and activity in the CLI:
# diagnose vpn ike gateway list

vd: root/0
name: _OCVPN_FCT0_0
version: 1
interface: mgmt1 4
addr: 172.16.200.4:4500 -> 172.16.200.15:64916
created: 110s ago
xauth-user: usera
groups:
  dev_grp 1
assigned IPv4 address: 10.254.128.1/255.255.255.255
nat: peer
IKE SA: created 1/1  established 1/1  time 20/20/20 ms
IPsec SA: created 1/1  established 1/1  time 0/0/0 ms

  id/spi: 72 1ccd2abf2d981123/fd8da107f9e4d312
  direction: responder
  status: established 110-110s ago = 20ms
  proposal: aes256-sha256
  key: 105a0291b0c05219-3decdf78938a7bea-78943651e1720536-625114d66e46f668
  lifetime/rekey: 86400/86019
  DPD sent/recv: 00000000/00000af3
To view data on the PC running FortiClient:
C:\ route print
===========================================================================

IPv4 Route Table
===========================================================================
Active Routes:
Network Destination        Netmask          Gateway       Interface  Metric
          0.0.0.0          0.0.0.0       10.1.100.5      10.1.100.13    281
       10.1.100.0    255.255.255.0     10.254.128.2     10.254.128.1      1 
      10.1.100.13  255.255.255.255         On-link       10.1.100.13    281
       10.1.101.0    255.255.255.0     10.254.128.2     10.254.128.1      1
        10.6.30.0    255.255.255.0         On-link        10.6.30.13    281
       10.6.30.13  255.255.255.255         On-link        10.6.30.13    281
      10.6.30.255  255.255.255.255         On-link        10.6.30.13    281
       10.254.0.0      255.255.0.0     10.254.128.2     10.254.128.1      1
     10.254.128.1  255.255.255.255         On-link      10.254.128.1    257
       22.202.2.0    255.255.255.0     10.254.128.2     10.254.128.1      1
        127.0.0.0        255.0.0.0         On-link         127.0.0.1    331
        127.0.0.1  255.255.255.255         On-link         127.0.0.1    331
  127.255.255.255  255.255.255.255         On-link         127.0.0.1    331
     172.16.200.4  255.255.255.255       10.1.100.5      10.1.100.13     25
     174.16.101.0    255.255.255.0     10.254.128.2     10.254.128.1      1
        224.0.0.0        240.0.0.0         On-link         127.0.0.1    331
        224.0.0.0        240.0.0.0         On-link      10.254.128.1    257
        224.0.0.0        240.0.0.0         On-link        10.6.30.13    281
        224.0.0.0        240.0.0.0         On-link       10.1.100.13    281
  255.255.255.255  255.255.255.255         On-link         127.0.0.1    331
  255.255.255.255  255.255.255.255         On-link      10.254.128.1    257
  255.255.255.255  255.255.255.255         On-link        10.6.30.13    281
  255.255.255.255  255.255.255.255         On-link       10.1.100.13    281
===========================================================================
Persistent Routes:
  Network Address          Netmask  Gateway Address  Metric
          0.0.0.0          0.0.0.0       10.1.100.5  Default

The PC can access the dev resource overlay, but not qa:

C:\Users\tester>ping 174.16.101.44

Pinging 174.16.101.44 with 32 bytes of data:
Reply from 174.16.101.44: bytes=32 time=1ms TTL=63
Reply from 174.16.101.44: bytes=32 time=1ms TTL=63
Reply from 174.16.101.44: bytes=32 time=1ms TTL=63
Reply from 174.16.101.44: bytes=32 time=1ms TTL=63

Ping statistics for 174.16.101.44:
    Packets: Sent = 4, Received = 4, Lost = 0 (0% loss),
Approximate round trip times in milli-seconds:
    Minimum = 1ms, Maximum = 1ms, Average = 1ms

C:\Users\tester>ping 22.202.2.2

Pinging 22.202.2.2 with 32 bytes of data:
Request timed out.
Request timed out.
Request timed out.
Request timed out.

Ping statistics for 22.202.2.2:
    Packets: Sent = 4, Received = 0, Lost = 4 (100% loss),