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Global commands for stronger and more secure encryption

This section describes some best practices for employing stronger and more secure encryption.

Turn on global strong encryption

Enter the following command to configure FortiOS to use only strong encryption and allow only strong ciphers (AES, 3DES) and digest (SHA1) for HTTPS, SSH, TLS, and SSL functions.

config system global

set strong-crypto enable

end

Disable MD5 and CBC for SSH

In some cases, you may not be able to enable strong encryption. For example, your FortiGate may be communicating with a system that does not support strong encryption. With strong-crypto disabled you can use the following options to prevent SSH sessions with the FortiGate from using less secure MD5 and CBC algorithms:

config system global

set ssh-hmac-md5 disable

set ssh-cbc-cipher disable

end

Disable static keys for TLS

You can use the following command to prevent all TLS sessions that are terminated by FortiGate from using static keys (AES128-SHA, AES256-SHA, AES128-SHA256, AES256-SHA256):

config system global

set ssl-static-key-ciphers disable

end

Require larger values for Diffie-Hellman exchanges

Larger Diffie-Hellman values result in stronger encryption. Use the following command to force Diffie-Hellman exchanges to use 8192 bit values (the highest configurable DH value).

config system global

set dh-params 8192

end

Global commands for stronger and more secure encryption

This section describes some best practices for employing stronger and more secure encryption.

Turn on global strong encryption

Enter the following command to configure FortiOS to use only strong encryption and allow only strong ciphers (AES, 3DES) and digest (SHA1) for HTTPS, SSH, TLS, and SSL functions.

config system global

set strong-crypto enable

end

Disable MD5 and CBC for SSH

In some cases, you may not be able to enable strong encryption. For example, your FortiGate may be communicating with a system that does not support strong encryption. With strong-crypto disabled you can use the following options to prevent SSH sessions with the FortiGate from using less secure MD5 and CBC algorithms:

config system global

set ssh-hmac-md5 disable

set ssh-cbc-cipher disable

end

Disable static keys for TLS

You can use the following command to prevent all TLS sessions that are terminated by FortiGate from using static keys (AES128-SHA, AES256-SHA, AES128-SHA256, AES256-SHA256):

config system global

set ssl-static-key-ciphers disable

end

Require larger values for Diffie-Hellman exchanges

Larger Diffie-Hellman values result in stronger encryption. Use the following command to force Diffie-Hellman exchanges to use 8192 bit values (the highest configurable DH value).

config system global

set dh-params 8192

end