SD-WAN rules are used to control how sessions are distributed to SD-WAN members. Rules can be configured in one of five modes:
auto: Interfaces are assigned a priority based on quality.
- Manual (
manual): Interfaces are manually assigned a priority.
- Best Quality (
priority): Interface are assigned a priority based on the link-cost-factor of the interface. See SD-WAN rules - best quality.
- Lowest Cost (SLA) (
sla): Interfaces are assigned a priority based on selected SLA settings. See SD-WAN rules - lowest cost (SLA).
- Maximize Bandwidth (SLA) (
load-balance): Traffic is distributed among all available links based on the selected load balancing algorithm.
When using Maximize Bandwidth mode (
load-balance in the CLI), SD-WAN will all of the links that satisfies SLA to forward traffic based on a round‑robin load balancing algorithm.
ADVPN is not supported in this mode.
In this example, your wan1 and wan2 SD-WAN interfaces connect to two ISPs that both go to the public internet. You want to configure Gmail services to use both of the interface, but the link quality must meet a standard of latency: 10ms, and jitter: 5ms. This can maximize the bandwidth usage.
- On the FortiGate, add wan1 and wan2 as SD-WAN members, then add a policy and static route. See SD-WAN quick start for details.
- Create a new Performance SLA named google that includes an SLA Target 1 with Latency threshold = 10ms and Jitter threshold = 5ms. See Performance SLA - link monitoring.
- Go to Network > SD-WAN Rules.
- Click Create New. The Priority Rule page opens.
- Enter a name for the rule, such as gmail.
- Configure the following settings:
Maximize Bandwidth (SLA)
wan1 and wan2
Required SLA target
google (created in step 2).
- Click OK to create the rule.
config system virtual-wan-link config health-check edit "google" set server "google.com" set members 1 2 config sla edit 1 set latency-threshold 10 set jitter-threshold 5 next end next end config service edit 1 set name "gmail" set mode load-balance set internet-service enable set internet-service-id 65646 config sla edit "google" set id 1 next end set priority-members 1 2 next end end
FGT # diagnose sys virtual-wan-link health-check google Health Check(google): Seq(1): state(alive), packet-loss(0.000%) latency(14.563), jitter(4.334) sla_map=0x0 Seq(2): state(alive), packet-loss(0.000%) latency(12.633), jitter(6.265) sla_map=0x0 FGT # diagnose sys virtual-wan-link service 1 Service(1): Address Mode(IPV4) flags=0x0 TOS(0x0/0x0), Protocol(0: 1->65535), Mode(load-balance) Members:<<BR>> 1: Seq_num(1), alive, sla(0x1), num of pass(1), selected 2: Seq_num(2), alive, sla(0x1), num of pass(1), selected Internet Service: Google.Gmail(65646)
When both wan1 and wan2 meet the SLA requirements, Gmail traffic will use both wan1 and wan2. If only one of the interfaces meets the SLA requirements, Gmail traffic will only use that interface.
If neither interface meets the requirements but health-check is still alive, then wan1 and wan2 tie. The traffic will try to balance between wan1 and wan2, using both interfaces to forward traffic.