nat-port-range variable is used to specify a port range in the VoIP profile to restrict the NAT port range for real-time transport protocol/real-time transport control protocol (RTP/RTCP) packets in a session initiation protocol (SIP) call session that is handled by the SIP application layer gateway (ALG) in a FortiGate device.
When NAT is enabled, or VIP is used in a firewall policy for SIP ALG to handle a SIP call session established through a FortiGate device, the SIP ALG can perform NAT to translate the ports used for the RTP/RTCP packets when they are flowing through the device between the external and internal networks.
You can control the translated port range for RTP/RTCP packets using the CLI:
config voip profile
set nat-port-range <port range>
nat-port-range <port range>
The NAT port range (minimum port number = 5117, default = 5117-65535).
In this example, Phone1 is in subnet_1, and the SIP server and phone are in subnet_2. All SIP signaling messages and RTP/RTCP packets go through the SIP Server. The RTP/RTCP ports on Phone1 are configured as 17078/17079.
The FortiGate administrator wants to use NAT for the port 17078/17079 to 30000/30001. As a result, all RTP/RTCP packets going out of port2 have source ports of 30000/30001, and all RTP/RTCP packets going into port2 also have destination ports of 30000/30001, which is specified in
To configure the custom port range:
config voip profile
set nat-port-range 30000-30001
configure firewall policy
set srcintf port1
set dstintf port2
set srcaddr all
set dstaddr all
set service SIP
set action accept
set schedule always
set voip-profile natPortRange
set nat enable
If phone1 and phone2 are registered to the SIP server, and they establish a call session between them through the FortiGate and the SIP server, then the RTP/RTCP ports 17078/17079 of phone1 will be translated to ports 30000/30001 at the FortiGate unit based on the NAT port range setting. That is, the RTP/RTCP packets egressing port2 of the Fortigate will have source ports of 30000/30001, and the RTP/RTCP packets ingressing port2 will have destination ports of 30000/30001.