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Cookbook

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Dynamic definition of SD-WAN routes

Dynamic definitions of SD-WAN routes alleviate administrators from needing to know the destination of the traffic that is being load balanced, which, in an environment where routes are constantly added and removed, required a significant amount of administrative overhead.

The FortiGate can be configured to apply a route map to a BGP neighbor, and tag the routes that are learned from that neighbor with the set-route-tag command. After those routes are assigned a tag ID in the route map, the ID can be referenced in the SD-WAN rule.

To define the route map to apply to the BGP neighbor:
config router route-map
    edit "map-comm1"
        config rule
            edit 1
                set match-origin igp
                set set-route-tag 12
            next
            edit 2
                set match-ip-address "pf-all-in"
                set set-route-tag 11
            next
        end
    next
end
To apply the route map to the BGP neighbor:
config router bgp
    config neighbor
        edit "10.254.0.1"
            set route-map-in "map-comm1"
        next
    end
end
To reference tagged routes in an SD-WAN rule:
config system virtual-wan-link
    config service
        edit 1
            set mode priority
            set dst-tag 11
            set health-check "datacenter1"
            set priority-members 1 2
        next
    end
end

Dynamic definition of SD-WAN routes

Dynamic definitions of SD-WAN routes alleviate administrators from needing to know the destination of the traffic that is being load balanced, which, in an environment where routes are constantly added and removed, required a significant amount of administrative overhead.

The FortiGate can be configured to apply a route map to a BGP neighbor, and tag the routes that are learned from that neighbor with the set-route-tag command. After those routes are assigned a tag ID in the route map, the ID can be referenced in the SD-WAN rule.

To define the route map to apply to the BGP neighbor:
config router route-map
    edit "map-comm1"
        config rule
            edit 1
                set match-origin igp
                set set-route-tag 12
            next
            edit 2
                set match-ip-address "pf-all-in"
                set set-route-tag 11
            next
        end
    next
end
To apply the route map to the BGP neighbor:
config router bgp
    config neighbor
        edit "10.254.0.1"
            set route-map-in "map-comm1"
        next
    end
end
To reference tagged routes in an SD-WAN rule:
config system virtual-wan-link
    config service
        edit 1
            set mode priority
            set dst-tag 11
            set health-check "datacenter1"
            set priority-members 1 2
        next
    end
end