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FortiGate-7000F Handbook

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Example FortiGate-7000F FGSP session synchronization with a data interface LAG

This example shows how to configure FGSP to synchronize sessions between two FortiGate-7121Fs for the root VDOM and for a second VDOM, named vdom-1. For FGSP session synchronization, the example uses a data interface LAG that includes the 1-P17, 1-P18, 2-P17, and 2-P18 interfaces.

To set up the configuration, start by giving each FortiGate-7121F a different host name to make them easier to identify. This example uses peer_1 and peer_2. On each FortiGate-7121F, create a VDOM named fgsp-sync and move the 1-P17, 1-P18, 2-P17, and 2-P18 interfaces to this VDOM. Then create a LAG named Data-int-lag, also in the fgsp-sync VDOM, that includes the 1-P17, 1-P18, 2-P17, and 2-P18 interfaces. The LAGs on both FortiGate-7121Fs are on the 172.25.177.0/24 network.

This example also adds standalone configuration synchronization and sets the peer_1 device priority higher so that it becomes the config sync primary. Once configuration synchronization is enabled, you can log into peer_1 and add firewall policies and make other configuration changes and these configuration changes will be synchronized to peer_2. For information about configuration synchronization, including its limitations, see Standalone configuration synchronization.

Example FortiGate-7000F FGSP configuration using data interface LAGs

  1. Configure the routers or load balancers to distribute sessions to the two FortiGate-7121Fs.

  2. Change the host names of the FortiGate-7121Fs to peer_1 and peer_2.
  3. Configure network settings for each FortiGate-7121F to allow them to connect to their networks and route traffic.
  4. Add the vdom-1 and fgsp-sync VDOMs to each FortiGate-7121F.
  5. Also on each FortiGate-7121F, move the 1-P17, 1-P18, 2-P17, and 2-P18 interfaces to the fgsp-sync VDOM.
  6. On peer_1, configure the 1-P17, 1-P18, 2-P17, and 2-P18 interfaces to be FGSP session synchronization data interfaces.

    config system standalone-cluster

    set standalone-group-id 7

    set group-member-id 1

    set data-intf-session-sync-dev 1-P17 1-P18 2-P17 2-P18

    end

  7. On peer_1, add a data interface LAG to the fgsp-sync VDOM.

    config system interface

    edit Data-int-lag

    set type aggregate

    set vdom fgsp-sync

    set member 1-P17 1-P18 2-P17 2-P18

    set ip 172.25.177.110/24

    set mtu-override enable

    set mtu 9216

    end

    This configuration adds the data interface LAG to the fgsp-sync VDOM, includes the four data interfaces configured to be FGSP session synchronization interfaces, and configures the LAG to support jumbo frames.

  8. On peer_1, configure session synchronization for the root and vdom-1 VDOMs.

    config system cluster-sync

    edit 1

    set peervd fgsp-sync

    set peerip 172.25.177.120

    set syncvd root vdom-1

    end

    peervd is fgsp-sync because the FGSP session synchronization data interfaces are in the fgsp-sync VDOM.

    peerip is the IP address of the data interface LAG added to peer_2.

    This configuration creates one cluster-sync instance that includes both VDOMs. You could have created a separate cluster-sync instance for each VDOM. If possible, however, avoid creating more than three cluster-sync instances. A fourth cluster-sync instance may experience reduced session synchronization performance.

  9. On peer_1, enable configuration synchronization, enable session pickup, configure the heartbeat interfaces, and set a higher device priority. This makes peer_1 become the config sync primary.

    config system ha

    set standalone-config-sync enable

    set session-pickup enable

    set session-pickup-connectionless enable

    set session-pickup-expectation enable

    set session-pickup-nat enable

    set priority 250

    set hbdev 1-M3 100 2-M3 100

    end

  10. On peer_2, configure the 1-P17, 1-P18, 2-P17, and 2-P18 interfaces to be FGSP session synchronization data interfaces.

    config system standalone-cluster

    set standalone-group-id 7

    set group-member-id 2

    set data-intf-session-sync-dev 1-P17 1-P18 2-P17 2-P18

    end

  11. On peer_2, add a data interface LAG to the fgsp-sync VDOM.

    config system interface

    edit Data-int-lag

    set type aggregate

    set vdom fgsp-sync

    set member 1-P17 1-P18 2-P17 2-P18

    set ip 172.25.177.120/24

    set mtu-override enable

    set mtu 9216

    end

    This configuration adds the data interface LAG to the fgsp-sync VDOM, includes the four data interfaces configured to be FGSP session synchronization interfaces, and configures the LAG to support jumbo frames.

  12. On peer_2, configure session synchronization for the root and vdom-1 VDOMs.

    config system cluster-sync

    edit 1

    set peervd fgsp-sync

    set peerip 172.25.177.110

    set syncvd root vdom-1

    end

  13. On peer_2, enable configuration synchronization, configure the heartbeat interfaces, and leave the device priority set to the default value.

    config system ha

    set standalone-config-sync enable

    set session-pickup enable

    set session-pickup-connectionless enable

    set session-pickup-expectation enable

    set session-pickup-nat enable

    set hbdev 1-M3 100 2-M3 100

    end

    As sessions are forwarded by the routers or load balancers to one of the FortiGate-7121Fs, the FGSP synchronizes the sessions to the other FortiGate-7121F. You can log into peer_1 and make configuration changes, which are synchronized to peer_2.

Example FortiGate-7000F FGSP session synchronization with a data interface LAG

This example shows how to configure FGSP to synchronize sessions between two FortiGate-7121Fs for the root VDOM and for a second VDOM, named vdom-1. For FGSP session synchronization, the example uses a data interface LAG that includes the 1-P17, 1-P18, 2-P17, and 2-P18 interfaces.

To set up the configuration, start by giving each FortiGate-7121F a different host name to make them easier to identify. This example uses peer_1 and peer_2. On each FortiGate-7121F, create a VDOM named fgsp-sync and move the 1-P17, 1-P18, 2-P17, and 2-P18 interfaces to this VDOM. Then create a LAG named Data-int-lag, also in the fgsp-sync VDOM, that includes the 1-P17, 1-P18, 2-P17, and 2-P18 interfaces. The LAGs on both FortiGate-7121Fs are on the 172.25.177.0/24 network.

This example also adds standalone configuration synchronization and sets the peer_1 device priority higher so that it becomes the config sync primary. Once configuration synchronization is enabled, you can log into peer_1 and add firewall policies and make other configuration changes and these configuration changes will be synchronized to peer_2. For information about configuration synchronization, including its limitations, see Standalone configuration synchronization.

Example FortiGate-7000F FGSP configuration using data interface LAGs

  1. Configure the routers or load balancers to distribute sessions to the two FortiGate-7121Fs.

  2. Change the host names of the FortiGate-7121Fs to peer_1 and peer_2.
  3. Configure network settings for each FortiGate-7121F to allow them to connect to their networks and route traffic.
  4. Add the vdom-1 and fgsp-sync VDOMs to each FortiGate-7121F.
  5. Also on each FortiGate-7121F, move the 1-P17, 1-P18, 2-P17, and 2-P18 interfaces to the fgsp-sync VDOM.
  6. On peer_1, configure the 1-P17, 1-P18, 2-P17, and 2-P18 interfaces to be FGSP session synchronization data interfaces.

    config system standalone-cluster

    set standalone-group-id 7

    set group-member-id 1

    set data-intf-session-sync-dev 1-P17 1-P18 2-P17 2-P18

    end

  7. On peer_1, add a data interface LAG to the fgsp-sync VDOM.

    config system interface

    edit Data-int-lag

    set type aggregate

    set vdom fgsp-sync

    set member 1-P17 1-P18 2-P17 2-P18

    set ip 172.25.177.110/24

    set mtu-override enable

    set mtu 9216

    end

    This configuration adds the data interface LAG to the fgsp-sync VDOM, includes the four data interfaces configured to be FGSP session synchronization interfaces, and configures the LAG to support jumbo frames.

  8. On peer_1, configure session synchronization for the root and vdom-1 VDOMs.

    config system cluster-sync

    edit 1

    set peervd fgsp-sync

    set peerip 172.25.177.120

    set syncvd root vdom-1

    end

    peervd is fgsp-sync because the FGSP session synchronization data interfaces are in the fgsp-sync VDOM.

    peerip is the IP address of the data interface LAG added to peer_2.

    This configuration creates one cluster-sync instance that includes both VDOMs. You could have created a separate cluster-sync instance for each VDOM. If possible, however, avoid creating more than three cluster-sync instances. A fourth cluster-sync instance may experience reduced session synchronization performance.

  9. On peer_1, enable configuration synchronization, enable session pickup, configure the heartbeat interfaces, and set a higher device priority. This makes peer_1 become the config sync primary.

    config system ha

    set standalone-config-sync enable

    set session-pickup enable

    set session-pickup-connectionless enable

    set session-pickup-expectation enable

    set session-pickup-nat enable

    set priority 250

    set hbdev 1-M3 100 2-M3 100

    end

  10. On peer_2, configure the 1-P17, 1-P18, 2-P17, and 2-P18 interfaces to be FGSP session synchronization data interfaces.

    config system standalone-cluster

    set standalone-group-id 7

    set group-member-id 2

    set data-intf-session-sync-dev 1-P17 1-P18 2-P17 2-P18

    end

  11. On peer_2, add a data interface LAG to the fgsp-sync VDOM.

    config system interface

    edit Data-int-lag

    set type aggregate

    set vdom fgsp-sync

    set member 1-P17 1-P18 2-P17 2-P18

    set ip 172.25.177.120/24

    set mtu-override enable

    set mtu 9216

    end

    This configuration adds the data interface LAG to the fgsp-sync VDOM, includes the four data interfaces configured to be FGSP session synchronization interfaces, and configures the LAG to support jumbo frames.

  12. On peer_2, configure session synchronization for the root and vdom-1 VDOMs.

    config system cluster-sync

    edit 1

    set peervd fgsp-sync

    set peerip 172.25.177.110

    set syncvd root vdom-1

    end

  13. On peer_2, enable configuration synchronization, configure the heartbeat interfaces, and leave the device priority set to the default value.

    config system ha

    set standalone-config-sync enable

    set session-pickup enable

    set session-pickup-connectionless enable

    set session-pickup-expectation enable

    set session-pickup-nat enable

    set hbdev 1-M3 100 2-M3 100

    end

    As sessions are forwarded by the routers or load balancers to one of the FortiGate-7121Fs, the FGSP synchronizes the sessions to the other FortiGate-7121F. You can log into peer_1 and make configuration changes, which are synchronized to peer_2.