FortiGate-7000 supports active-passive FortiGate Clustering Protocol (FGCP) HA between two (and only two) identical FortiGate-7000s. You can configure FortiGate-7000 HA in much the same way as any FortiGate HA setup except that only active-passive HA is supported.
In Multi VDOM mode, virtual clustering is supported. Virtual clustering is not supported in Split-Task VDOM mode. Split-Task VDOM mode supports standard FGCP HA.
You must use the 10Gbit M1 and M2 interfaces for HA heartbeat communication. See Connect the M1 and M2 interfaces for HA heartbeat communication. Heartbeat packets are VLAN-tagged and you can configure the VLANs used. You must configure the switch interfaces used to connect the M1 and M2 interfaces in trunk mode and the switches must allow the VLAN-tagged packets.
As part of the FortiGate-7000 HA configuration, you assign each of the FortiGate-7000s in the HA cluster a chassis ID of 1 or 2. The chassis IDs just allow you to identify individual FortiGate-7000s and do not influence primary unit selection.
If both FortiGate-7000s in a cluster are configured with the same chassis ID, both chassis begin operating in HA mode without forming a cluster. A message similar to the following is displayed on the CLI console of both devices:
HA cannot be formed because this box's chassis-id 1 is the same from the HA peer 'F76E9D3E17000001' chassis-id 1.
As well, a log message similar to the following is created:
Jan 29 16:29:46 10.160.45.70 date=2020-01-29 time=16:29:51 devname="CH-02" devid="F76E9D3E17000001" slot=1 logid="0108037904" type="event" subtype="ha" level="error" vd="mgmt-vdom" eventtime=1580344192162305962 tz="-0800" logdesc="Device set as HA master" msg="HA group detected chassis-id conflict" ha_group=7 sn="F76E9DT018900001 chassis-id=1"
You can resolve this issue by logging into one of the FortiGates and changing its Chassis ID to 2. When this happens, the two chassis will form a cluster.
In a FortiGate-7000 FGCP HA configuration, the primary (or master) FortiGate-7000 processes all traffic. The secondary FortiGate-7000 operates in hot standby mode. The FGCP synchronizes the configuration, active sessions, routing information, and so on to the secondary FortiGate-7000. If the primary FortiGate-7000 fails, traffic automatically fails over to the secondary.
The FGCP selects the primary FortiGate-7000 based on standard FGCP primary unit selection:
- Connected monitored interfaces
- Device Priority
- Serial Number
In most cases and with default settings, if everything is connected and operating normally, the FortiGate-7000 with the highest serial number becomes the primary FortiGate-7000. You can set the device priority higher on one of the FortiGate-7000s if you want it to become the primary FortiGate-7000. You can also enable override along with setting a higher device priority to make sure the same FortiGate-7000 always becomes the primary FortiGate-7000.